International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2023

The global economy has faced shock upon shock, testing the resilience of people everywhere. The IMF is collaborating with its members to take on these challenges and build economic resilience. The 2023 Annual Report emphasizes the work of the IMF's Executive Board and highlights the real-time advice, capacity development, and support the Fund has provided to its members since our last report.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2023

Structural Reforms to Accelerate Growth, Ease Policy Trade-offs, and Support the Green Transition in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

This Staff Discussion Note focuses on emerging market and developing economies and proposes a framework for prioritization, packaging, and sequencing of macrostructural reforms to accelerate growth, alleviate policy trade-offs, and support the green transition.

Trade Integration in Africa: Unleashing the Continent's Potential in a Changing World

Time for Transformation

With economic leaders gathering soon in Marrakech, Morocco, for the IMF and World Bank Annual Meetings, this issue of F&D explores how the Arab world can tap growth opportunities and rebuild its economic standing.

Fragmentation SDN

Good Supervision: Lessons from the Field

Keeping banks safe and sound hinges on good supervision. The bank failures of March 2023 precipitated questions about the effectiveness of supervision. This paper reflects on lessons learned from this banking turmoil and reviews global progress in delivering effective supervision over the past ten years. It finds progress in areas like risk monitoring, stress testing, and business model analysis.

WEO update 2023

External Rebalancing in Turbulent Times

Digital divide across countries and within countries continues to persist and even increased when the quality of internet connection is considered. The note shows that many governments have not been able to harness the full potential of digitalization. Governments could play important role to facilitate digital adoption by intervening both on supply (investing in infrastructure) and demand side (increase internet affordability).

ESR report, 2023

Building Tax Capacity in Developing Countries

Tax capacity—the policy, institutional, and technical capabilities to collect tax revenue—is part of a deeper process of state building that is essential for achieving the sustainable development goals. This Staff Discussion Note shows that developing countries have made some progress in revenue mobilization during the past decades. However, much more is needed.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2023

Central Bank Digital Currency's Role in Promoting Financial Inclusion

Financial inclusion is a key policy objective that central banks, especially those in emerging and low-income countries, are considering for retail central bank digital currency (CBDC). If properly designed to address the barriers to financial inclusion, CBDCs have the opportunity to gain acceptance by the financially excluded for digital payments. CBDC can then serve as an entry point to the broader formal financial system.

digital SDN


IMF Regions

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Essential Reading

September 6, 2023

Fintech and Digital Currencies

Updated Fintech and Digital Currencies Essential Reading Guide - key research on the latest trends in digital currencies, mobile payments, CBDCs and the financial system.

June 9, 2023


New updates to the Legal Materials Essential Reading Guide! Curated research and information on fintech law, taxation, governance and anti-corruption.

April 14, 2023

Marrakech 2023

Take a look at the new Marrakech 2023 Essential Reading Guide!  Find important publications relating to the region and themes of the upcoming Annual Meetings in Marrakech in October 2023.