Lassi Ahlvik, Heini Ahtiainen, Janne Artell, Kerstin Blyh, Siv Ericsdotter, Berit Hasler, and Kari Hyytiäinen
Nordic Council of Ministers
This report reviews the findings of an ecological/economic analyses regarding the on-going and prospective efforts to reduce eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, conducted by Baltic STERN, an international research network. The results indicate that the overall benefits of fulfilling the targets of the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP)clearly outweigh their aggregate costs, suggesting that the BSAP is an economically sound plan for solving the transboundary eutrophication problem. The cost ofinaction - not implementing the objectives of the BSAP -would be significant.