Hanna-Mari Ahonen, Thiago Chagas, Darragh Conway, Jelmer Hoogzaad, Suzy Huber, Juha Ollikainen, Sampo Seppänen, and Suvi Viljaranta
Nordic Council of Ministers
The global carbon market currently faces a deep demand crisis. The consequent price fall reduces the incentive to make low-carbon investments and thus increases the risk of locking in carbon-intensive infrastructure. The global carbon market relies on ambitious climate policy and consists of a mosaic of different schemes. Despite the current lack of ambitious global climate policy, various market-based approaches are emerging around the world, indicating increasing scope and fragmentation of the carbon markets. This report, conducted by GreenStream together with Climate Focus, analyses the status and outlook of global carbon markets and identifies measures and circumstances how new demand for carbon credits could be created to strengthen global efforts to limit the global average temperature rise to 2°C, taking into account the trend towards fragmentation of carbon markets.