Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
Louise Fox, Alun Thomas, and Cleary Haines
Published Date:
April 2017
    Share
    • ShareShare
    Show Summary Details
    Appendix
    Appendix Table 1.Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groups Used in This Paper
    Resource RichUpper Middle-IncomeLower Middle-IncomeLow-Income
    AngolaBotswana*Cameroon*Benin*Guinea-BissauRwanda*
    ChadCape Verde*Côte d’Ivoire*Burkina Faso*Kenya*Sierra Leone*
    Congo, Dem. Rep.*Gabon*Ghana*Burundi*Liberia*Somalia
    Congo, Rep.Mauritius*LesothoCentral African Rep.MadagascarTanzania*
    GuineaNamibia*MauritaniaComoros*Malawi*Togo*
    Nigeria*SeychellesSão Tomé and Príncipe*EritreaMaliUganda*
    SudanSouth Africa*Senegal*Ethiopia*Mozambique*Zimbabwe*
    Zambia*Equatorial GuineaSwazilandGambia, TheNiger*
    Note: Sudan includes South Sudan due to data availability. * signifies employment estimates based on actual household surveys.Countries marked with * are “Resource rich” with a LFPR 88%
    Appendix Table 2.Asia: Country Groups Used in this Paper
    South AsiaEast Asia
    Low-Middle-IncomeLow-IncomeLow-Middle-IncomeLow-Income
    BhutanBangladeshIndonesiaCambodia
    IndiaNepalLao P.D.R.Myanmar
    Sri LankaMongolia
    PakistanPhilippines
    Vietnam
    Appendix Table 3.List of Country Abbreviations
    AGOAngolaCOMComorosLSOLesothoSSDSouth Sudan
    BGDBangladeshCPVCabo VerdeMDGMadagascarSTPSão Tomé and Príncipe
    BDIBurundiERIEritreaMLIMaliSWZSwaziland
    BENBeninETHEthiopiaMOZMozambiqueSYCSeychelles
    BFABurkina FasoGABGabonMUSMauritiusTCDChad
    BWABotswanaGHAGhanaMWIMalawiTGOTogo
    KHMCambodiaGINGuineaNAMNamibiaTZATanzania
    CAFCentral African RepublicGMBGambia, TheNERNigerUGAUganda
    CIVCôte d’Ivoire CameroonGNBGuinea-BissauNIGNigeriaVNMVietnam
    CMRCameroonGNQEquatorial GuineaRWARwandaZAFSouth Africa
    CODCongo, Dem. Rep. ofKENKenyaSENSenegalZMBZambia
    COGCongo, Rep. ofLBRLiberiaSLESierra LeoneZWEZimbabwe
    Appendix Table 4.Sub-Saharan Africa and Asian Countries: GDP per Capita (Current U.S. dollars)
    Country2012
    Burundi286
    Malawi360
    Niger431
    Liberia439
    Madagascar445
    Central African Republic480
    Gambia, The499
    Ethiopia504
    Eritrea505
    Togo590
    Mozambique590
    Guinea-Bissau600
    Sierra Leone634
    Uganda678
    Burkina Faso679
    Nepal686
    Rwanda688
    São Tomé and Príncipe688
    Mali703
    Benin808
    Comoros815
    Tanzania870
    Bangladesh916
    Cambodia946
    Zimbabwe961
    Senegal1,037
    Cameroon1,234
    Côte d’Ivoire1,235
    Kenya1,239
    Lesotho1,267
    Pakistan1,280
    Lao P.D.R.1,414
    India1,471
    Ghana1,683
    Vietnam1,753
    Sub-Saharan African countries (median)678
    South Asia (median)1,098
    East Asia (median)1,414
    Source: IMF, World Economic Outlook January 2016.
    Reference

      African Center for Economic Transformation (ACET). 2014. Growth with Depth—2014 African Transformation Report. Accra: ACET.

      Afrobarometer, 2013 and other years, available on http://www.afrobarometer.org/.

      Amirapu, Amrit and ArvindSubramanian,2015. “Manufacturing or Services: An Indian Illustration of a Development Dilemma,” Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 409, Washington.

      Bah, Elhadj.2013. “Sectoral Productivity in Developing Countries.” Unpublished, University of Auckland.

      De Vries, Gaaitzen, MarcelTimmer, and Klaas deVries.2015. “Structural Transformation in Africa: Static Gains, Dynamic Losses.” Journal of Development Studies51 (6): 67488.

      Duarte, Margarida, and DiegoRestuccia.2010. “The Role of Structural Transformation in Aggregate Productivity.” Quarterly Journal of Economics125 (1): 12973.

      Eifert, Benn, AlanGelb, and VijayaRamachandran.2008. ”The Cost of Doing Business in Africa: Evidence from Enterprise Survey Data.World Development36 (9): 153146.

      Filmer, Deon, and LouisFox.2014. Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank, Washington.

      Fox, L., and T.Sohnesen.2012. “Household Enterprises in Sub-Saharan Africa: Why They Matter for Growth, Jobs and Livelihoods.” Policy Research Working Paper 6184, World Bank, Washington.

      Fox, L., A.Tomas, C.Haines, and J.Huerta-Munoz.2013. “Africa Has Work to Do: Employment Prospects in the New Century.” Working Paper 13/321, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Gelb, A., C.Meyer, and V.Ramachandran.2013. “Does Poor Mean Cheap: A Comparative Look at Africa’s Industrial Labor Costs.” Center for Global Development Working Paper, Washington, May.

      International Monetary Fund. 2012Regional Economic Outlook for Sub-Saharan Africa, fall edition, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Lewis, W. Arthur.1954. “Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labor.” Manchester School of Economic and Social Studies22: 13991.

      McMillan, Margaret S., and KennethHarttgen.2014. “What Is Driving the ‘African Growth Miracle’?National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper no. 20077, Boston.

      McMillan, M., and D.Rodrik.2012. “Globalization, Structural Change and Productivity Growth.” Discussion Paper, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, February.

      McMillan, Margaret, DaniRodrik, and ÍñigoVerduzco-Gallo.2014. “Globalization, Structural Change, and Productivity Growth, with an Update on Africa.” World Development63(C): 1132.

      Rodrik, D.2015. “Premature Deindustrialization.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper no. 20935, Boston.

      Saccone, Donatella, and VittorioValli.2009. “Structural Change and Economic Development in China and India.” Working Paper 7/2009, Dipartimento di Economia “S. Cognetti de Martiis,” Università di Torino.

      Timmer, C. P.1988. “The agricultural transformation.” In Handbook of Development Economics, edited by Hollis Chenery and T.N. Srinivasan. Amsterdam: North Holland, pp. 275331.

      Timmer, C. P.2008, “Structural transformation as a pathway out of poverty: analytics, empirics, and politics.” Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 150, Washington.

      United Nations, 2011, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, Department of Economic and Social Afairs, Population. Division, United Nations, New York.

      You are not logged in and do not have access to this content. Please login or, to subscribe to IMF eLibrary, please click here

      Other Resources Citing This Publication