Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
Hamid Faruqee
Published Date:
April 2016
    Share
    • ShareShare
    Show Summary Details

    List of Country and Region Abbreviations

    Country Groups

    CAPDRCaribbean Commodity ExportersCaribbean Tourism-DependentCentral AmericaEastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU)LA6South America
    Costa Rica

    Dominican Republic

    El Salvador

    Guatemala

    Honduras

    Nicaragua

    Panama
    Belize

    Guyana

    Suriname

    Trinidad and Tobago
    Antigua and Barbuda

    The Bahamas

    Barbados

    Dominica

    Grenada

    Haiti

    Jamaica

    St. Kitts and Nevis

    St. Lucia

    St. Vincent and the Grenadines
    Belize

    Costa Rica

    El Salvador

    Guatemala

    Honduras

    Nicaragua

    Panama
    Anguilla

    Antigua and Barbuda

    Dominica

    Grenada

    Montserrat

    St. Kitts and Nevis

    St. Lucia

    St. Vincent and the Grenadines
    Brazil

    Chile

    Colombia

    Mexico

    Peru

    Uruguay
    Argentina

    Bolivia

    Brazil

    Chile

    Colombia

    Ecuador

    Guyana

    Paraguay

    Peru

    Suriname

    Uruguay

    Venezuela

    Region Abbreviations

    East Asia Pacific

    EAP

    Europe and Central Asia

    ECA

    Latin America and the Caribbean

    LAC

    Middle East and North Africa

    MENA

    South Asia

    SAR

    Sub-Saharan Africa

    SSA

    List of Country Abbreviations

    Antigua and Barbuda

    ATG

    Argentina

    ARG

    The Bahamas

    BHS

    Barbados

    BRB

    Belize

    BLZ

    Bolivia

    BOL

    Brazil

    BRA

    Canada

    CAN

    Chile

    CHL

    Colombia

    COL

    Costa Rica

    CRI

    Dominica

    DMA

    Dominican Republic

    DOM

    Ecuador

    ECU

    El Salvador

    SLV

    Grenada

    GRD

    Guatemala

    GTM

    Guyana

    GUY

    Haiti

    HTI

    Honduras

    HND

    Jamaica

    JAM

    Mexico

    MEX

    Nicaragua

    NIC

    Panama

    PAN

    Paraguay

    PRY

    Peru

    PER

    St. Kitts and Nevis

    KNA

    St. Lucia

    LCA

    St. Vincent and the Grenadines

    VCT

    Suriname

    SUR

    Trinidad and Tobago

    TTO

    United States

    USA

    Uruguay

    URY

    Venezuela

    VEN

    References

      Acevedo, S.2014. “Debt, Growth and Natural Disasters: A Caribbean Trilogy.” IMF Working Paper 14/125, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Agénor, P., and K.Neanidis. 2015. “Innovation, Public Capital, and Growth,” Journal of Macroeconomics44: 25275.

      Albagli, E., A.Naudón, and R.Vergara. 2015. “Inflation Dynamics in Latin America: A Comparison with Global Trends and Implications for Monetary Policy.” Documentos de Política Económica 58, Central Bank of Chile, Santiago.

      Arellano, M., and S.Bond. 1991. “Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations.” Review of Economic Studies58: 27797.

      Arellano, M., and O.Bover. 1995. “Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error Components Models.” Journal of Econometrics68: 2951.

      Arslanalp, S., and T.Tsuda. 2014. “Tracking Global Demand for Emerging Market Sovereign Debt.” IMF Working Paper 14/39, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). 2011. Basel III: A Global Regulatory Framework for More Resilient Banks and Banking Systems.Basel: BCBS.

      Benes, J., K.Clinton, R.Garcia-Saltos, M.Johnson, D.Laxton, P.Manchev, and T.Matheson. 2010. “Estimating Potential Output with a Multivariate Filter.” IMF Working Paper 10/285, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Blagrave, P., R.Garcia-Saltos, D.Laxton, and F.Zhang. 2015. “A Simple Multivariate Filter for Estimating Potential Output.” IMF Working Paper 15/79, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Bloomberg, L.P. 2015. Bloomberg Credit Risk: Framework, Methodology and Usage. New York: Bloomberg.

      Bruno, G. S. F. 2005. “Approximating the Bias of the LSDV Estimator for Dynamic Unbalanced Panel Data Models.” Economics Letters87: 36166.

      Bruns, B., and J.Luque. 2015. “Great Teachers: How to Raise Student Learning in Latin America and the Caribbean.” World Bank, Washington.

      Bun, M., and J.Kiviet. 2003. “On the Diminishing Returns of Higher-Order Terms in Asymptotic Expansions of Bias.” Economics Letters79(2): 14552.

      Burstein, A., M.Eichenbaum, and S.Rebelo. 2005. “Large Devaluations and the Real Exchange Rate.” Journal of Political Economy113(4): 74284.

      Caceres, C., and F.Rodrigues Bastos. 2016. “Understanding Corporate Vulnerabilities in Latin America.” IMF Working Paper 16/80, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Calderón, C., and L.Servén. 2010. “Infrastructure in Latin America.” Policy Research Working Paper 5317, World Bank, Washington.

      Campa, J. M., and L. S.Goldberg. 2005. “Exchange Rate Pass-Through into Import Prices.” Review of Economics and Statistics87(4): 67990.

      Caselli, F. G., and A.Roitman. 2016. “Non-Linear Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets.” IMF Working Paper 16/1, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Carrière-Swallow, Y., B.Gruss, N.Magud, and F.Valencia. Forthcoming. “Nominal Anchoring and Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets.” IMF Working Paper, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Cavallo, E., and P.Valenzuela. 2007. “The Determinants of Corporate Risk in Emerging Markets: An Option-Adjusted Spread Analysis.” IMF Working Paper 07/228, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Ca’Zorzi, M., E.Hahn, and M.Sánchez. 2007. “Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets.” Working Paper 739, European Central Bank, Frankfurt.

      Celasun, O., F.Grigoli, K.Honjo, J.Kapsoli, A.Klemm, B.Lissovalik, J.Luksic, M.Moreno-Badia, J.Pereira, M.Poplawski-Ribeiro, B.Shang, and Y.Ustyugova. 2015. “Fiscal Policy in Latin America: Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis.” IMF Staff Discussion Note 15/06, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Chamon, M., P.Mauro, and Y.Okawa. 2008. “Mass Car Ownership in the Emerging Market Giants.” Economic Policy23(54): 24396.

      Choudhri, E. U., H.Faruqee, and D. S.Hakura. 2005. “Explaining the Exchange Rate Pass-through in Different Prices.” Journal of International Economics65(2): 34974.

      Choudhri, E. U., and D. S.Hakura. 2006. “Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Domestic Prices: Does the Inflationary Environment Matter?Journal of International Money and Finance25: 61439.

      Das, S. R., P.Hanouna, and A.Sarin. 2009. “Accounting-Based Versus Market-Based Cross-Sectional Models of CDS Spreads.” Journal of Banking and Finance33: 71930.

      Doshi, H., K.Jacobs, J.Ericsson, and S. M.Turnbull. 2013. “Pricing Credit Default Swaps with Observable Covariates.” Review of Financial Studies26(8): 204994.

      Dovern, J., U.Fritsche, and J.Slacalek. 2012. “Disagreement among Forecasters in G7 Countries.” Review of Economics and Statistics94(4): 108196.

      Duan, J., W.Miao, and J. A.Chan-Lau. 2015. “BuDA: A Bottom-Up Default Analysis Tool.” Unpublished. Risk Management Institute, National University of Singapore and International Monetary Fund.

      Economist Intelligence Unit. 2014. “Evaluating the Environment for Public-Private Partnerships in Latin America and the Caribbean.” The 2014 Infrascope.New York: Economist Intelligence Unit.

      Engel, E., R.Fischer, and A.Galetovic. 2014. “Renegotiation in Public-Private Partnerships: Theory and Evidence.” International Transport Forum Discussion Paper 2014-17, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.

      Frankel, J., D.Parsley, and S.Wei. 2012. “Slow Pass-through around the World: A New Import for Developing Countries?Open Economies Review23(2): 21351.

      Frischtak, C., and K.Davies. 2014. “O Investimento Privado em Infrastrutura e seu Financiamento.” In Gargalos e Soluçoes na Infrastrutura de Transportes, edited by A.Castelar and C.Frischtak (ed). Rio de Janeiro: Editora FGV.

      Froot, K. A., and P.Klemperer. 1989. “Exchange Rate Pass-Through When Market Share Matters.” American Economic Review79(4): 63754.

      Garcia-Escribano, M., C.Góes, and I.Karpowicz. 2015. “Filling the Gap: Infrastructure Investment in Brazil.” IMF Working Paper 15/180, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Góes, C. 2016. “Institutions and Growth: A GMM/IV Panel VAR Approach.” Economics Letters138: 859.

      Gopinath, G.2015. “The International Price System.” Working Paper 21646, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

      Gruss, B.2014. “After the Boom: Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean.” IMF Working Paper 14/154, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2013. “Canada’s Loss of External Competitiveness: The Role of Commodity Prices and the Emergence of China.” In Canada: 2012 Article IV Consultation – Selected Issues, IMF Country Report 13/41, International Monetary Fund, Washington, 4251.

      International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2014. “Is It Time for an Infrastructure Push? The Macroeconomic Effects of Public Investment.” In World Economic Outlook. Washington: IMF, October, 75114.

      International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2015a. “Exchange Rates and Trade Flows: Disconnected?In World Economic Outlook.Washington: IMF, October, 10442.

      International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2015b. “Making Public Investment More Efficient.” IMF Staff Report, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      International Monetary Fund (IMF). 2016. “Commodities Special Feature.” In World Economic Outlook. Washington: IMF, April.

      Jordà, Ò. 2005. “Estimation and Inference of Impulse Responses by Local Projections.” American Economic Review95(1): 16182.

      Kiviet, J. F. 1995. “On Bias, Inconsistency, and Efficiency of Various Estimators in Dynamic Panel Data Models.” Journal of Econometrics68: 5378.

      Kiviet, J. F. 1999. “Expectations of Expansions for Estimators in a Dynamic Panel Data Model: Some Results for Weakly Exogenous Regressors.” In Analysis of Panels and Limited Dependent Variables, Edited by C.Hsiao, K.Lahiri, L. F.Lee, and M. H.Pesaran (ed). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

      Krugman, P.1989. “The Delinking of Exchange Rates from Reality.” In Exchange Rate Instability. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

      Kuttner, K. N. 1994. “Estimating Potential Output as a Latent Variable.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics12: 36168.

      Laframboise, N., N.Mwase, J.Park, and Y.Zhou. 2014. “Revisiting Tourism Flows to the Caribbean: What Is Driving Arrivals?IMF Working Paper 14/229, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Laxton, D., and R.Tetlow. 1992. “A Simple Multivariate Filter for the Measurement of Potential Output.” Technical Report No. 59, Bank of Canada, Ottawa.

      Lenzen, M., K.Kanemoto, D.Moran, and A.Geschke. 2012. “Mapping the Structure of the World Economy.” Environmental Science and Technology46(15): 837481.

      Lenzen, M., K.Kanemoto, D.Moran, and A.Geschke. 2013. “Building Eora: A Global Multi-Region Input-Output Database at High Country and Sector Resolution.” Economic Systems Research25(1): 2049.

      Magud, N., and Sosa, S. 2015. “Investment in Emerging Markets: We Are Not in Kansas Anymore… Or Are We?IMF Working Paper 15/77, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      McIntyre, A., A.El-Ashram, M.Ronci, J.Reynaud, N.Xingyuan Che, K.Wang, S.Acevedo Mejia, and M.Scott Lutz. 2016. “Caribbean Energy: Macro-Related Challenges.” IMF Working Paper 16/53, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Merton, R.1974. “On the Pricing of Corporate Debt: The Risk Structure of Interest Rates.” Journal of Finance29: 44970.

      Noy, I.2009. “The Macroeconomic Consequences of Disasters.” Journal of Development Economics88(2): 22131.

      Perrotti, D., and R.Sánchez. 2011. La brecha de infraestructura en América Latina y el Caribe. Santiago, Chile: Comisión Económica para América Latina y El Caribe.

      Pessoa, M., I.Fainboim, and A.Fernandez. 2015. “Modernization of Peru’s Public Investment Management Systems.” In Peru: Staying the Course of Economic Success, edited by AlejandroSantos and AlejandroWerner (ed). Washington: International Monetary Fund, 13550.

      Rodrigues Bastos, F., H.Kamil, and B.Sutton. 2015. “Corporate Financing Trends and Balance Sheet Risks in Latin America: Taking Stock of the “Bon(d)anza.” IMF Working Paper 15/10, International Monetary Fund, Washington.

      Strobl, E.2012. “The Economic Growth Impact of Natural Disasters in Developing Countries: Evidence from Hurricane Strikes in the Central American and Caribbean Regions.” Journal of Development Economics97(1): 13041.

      Taylor, J. B. 2000. “Low Inflation, Pass-Through, and the Pricing Power of Firms.” European Economic Review44(7): 13891408.

      Tang, D. Y., and H.Yan. 2013. “What Moves CDS Spreads?Unpublished. Authors.

      Vacisek, O.1991. “The Loan Loss Distribution.” Technical Report, KMV Corporation.

      Vtyurina, S.2015. “The Role of Fiscal Policies in Peru’s Transformation.” In Peru: Staying the Course of Economic Success, edited by AlejandroSantos and AlejandroWerner (ed). Washington: International Monetary Fund.

    New Publications from the Western Hemisphere Department, April 2014–March 2015

    IMF Working Papers

    WP/15/193

    • Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems

    • Deniz Igan; Zhibo Tan

    WB/15/194

    • Normalization of Global Financial Conditions: The Implications for Brazil

    • Troy Matheson

    WP/15/198

    • Delegated Portfolio Management, Benchmarking, and the Effects on Financial Markets

    • Deniz Igan; Marcelo Pinheiro

    WP/15/206

    • Financial Inclusion: Zooming in on Latin America

    • Era Dabla-Norris; Yixi Deng; Anna Ivanova; Izabela Karpowicz; D. Filiz Unsal; Eva VanLeemput ; Joyce Wong

    WP/15/212

    • Credit Expansion in Emerging Markets: Propeller of Growth?

    • Mercedes Garcia-Escribano; Fei Han

    WP/15/213

    • Domestic Market Integration and the Law of One Price in Brazil

    • Carlos Góes; Troy Matheson

    WP/15/240

    • External Devaluations: Are Small States Different?

    • Sebastian Acevedo Mejia; Aliona Cebotari; Kevin Greenidge; Geoffrey N. Keim

    WP/15/242

    • End of the Supercycle and Growth of Commodity Producers: The Case of Chile

    • Luc Eyraud

    WP/15/245

    • Informality in Paraguay: Macro-Micro Evidence and Policy Implications

    • José P. Mauricio Vargas

    WP/15/260

    • Interest Rate Pass-Through in the Dominican Republic

    • Francesco Grigoli; José M. Mota

    WP/15/265

    • Explaining Inequality and Poverty Reduction in Bolivia

    • José P. Mauricio Vargas; Santiago Garriga

    WP/15/266

    • Inflation Dynamics and Monetary Policy in Bolivia

    • Alejandro D. Guerson

    WP/15/267

    • Impact of the New Financial Services Law in Bolivia on Financial Stability and Inclusion

    • Dyna Heng

    WP/15/282

    • Long-term Gain, Short-Term Pain: Assessing the Potential Impact of Structural Reforms in Chile

    • Marika Santoro

    WP/15/285

    • Corporate Investment in Emerging Markets: Financing vs. Real Options Channel

    • Delong Li; Nicolas E. Magud; Fabian Valencia

    WP/16/33

    • Flying to Paradise: The Role of Airlift in the Caribbean Tourism Industry

    • Sebastian Acevedo; Lu Han; Hye Sun Kim; Nicole Laframboise

    WP/16/45

    • A Closer Look at Sectoral Financial Linkages in Brazil I: Corporations’ Financial Statements

    • Izabela Karpowicz; Fabian Lipinsky; Jongho Park

    WP/16/53

    • Caribbean Energy: Macro-Related Challenges

    • Arnold McIntyre; Ahmed El-Ashram; Marcio Ronci; Julien Reynaud; Natasha Xingyuan Che; Ke Wang; Sebastian Acevedo Mejia; Mark Scott Lutz

    WP/16/73

    • Financial Stability and Interest-Rate Policy: A Quantitative Assessment of Costs and Benefits

    • Andrea Pescatori; Stefan Laseen

    WP/16/80

    • Understanding Corporate Vulnerabilities in Latin America

    • Carlos Caceres; Fabiano Rodrigues Bastos

    WP/16/81

    • Advancing Financial Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

    • Dyna Heng, Anna Ivanova, Rodrigo Mariscal, Uma Ramakrishnan, Joyce Cheng Wong

    Selected Issues Papers

    Ecuador

    • Ecuador: Assessment of Macro-Financial Stability

    • Svetlana Vtyurina; and Martin Saldias

    • Ecuador’s External Sector Assessment

    • Phil de Imus; Carlos Góes; Bin Grace Li; Ricardo Marto

    • Ecuador: Comparing Economic Effects of External Shocks, 2008–09 and 2014–15

    • Pablo Druck

    • The Pension System in Ecuador

    • Ricardo Fenochietto; Mauricio Soto

    Mexico

    • Fiscal Multipliers in Mexico

    • Fabian Valencia

    • Trade and Financial Spillovers to Mexico

    • Juliana D. Araujo; Alexander Klemm

    • Corporate Vulnerabilities and Impact on the Real Economy

    • Julian Chow; Fabian Valencia

    • A Carbon Tax Proposal for Mexico

    • Fabian Valencia

    • Strengthening Mexico’s Fiscal Framework

    • Fabian Valencia

    • The Effects of FX Intervention in Mexico

    • Marcos Chamon

    • Financial Deepening in Mexico

    • Alex Klemm and Alex Herman

    Uruguay

    • Firm’s Access to Credit and Growth

    • Frederic Lambert; Diva Singh

    • Bank Lending and Competition in the Banking Sector

    • Frederic Lambert; Diva Singh

    • Uruguay: Boosting Growth Through Diversification

    • Dyna Heng

      You are not logged in and do not have access to this content. Please login or, to subscribe to IMF eLibrary, please click here

      Other Resources Citing This Publication