Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
Nada Choueiri, Klaus-Stefan Enders, Yuri Sobolev, Jan Walliser, and Sherwyn Williams
Published Date:
May 2002
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    © 2002 International Monetary Fund

    Production: IMF Graphics Section

    Figures: IMF Graphics Section

    Typesetting: Danielle Bujosa, Choon Lee

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Yemen in the 1990s: from unification to economic reform/ Klaus Enders …

    [et al.] — Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund, 2001.

    p. cm. — (Occasional paper; 208)

    Includes bibliographical references.

    ISBN 1-58906-042-3

    1. Yemen—Economic conditions. 2. Yemen—Economic policy.

    I. Enders, K. II. Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); 208.

    HC415.34.Y466 2001

    338.9533—dc21

    20011051781

    Price: US$20.00

    (US$17.50 to full-time faculty members and students at universities and colleges)

    Please send orders to:

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    Contents

    The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

    . . . to indicate that data are not available;

    n.a. to indicate not applicable;/m.o

    — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;

    – between years or months (i.e., 1994–95 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

    / between years (i.e., 1994/95) to indicate a fiscal (financial) year.

    “Billion” means a thousand million.

    Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

    The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.

    Preface

    Most of the material presented in this Occasional Paper was originally prepared as background for discussions in the IMF Executive Board. It has been updated to take account of developments through early 2001. The authors are grateful to the Yemeni authorities for extensive discussions and comments and for their assistance in providing data and other source material.

    This Occasional Paper has benefited from valuable analytical analyses from David Moore, Rodney Ramcharan, and Manmohan Singh. The authors are grateful for valuable comments from the staff in the Middle Eastern Department as well as the World Bank. The authors would also like to express their appreciation for valuable research assistance that was provided by Aminata Toure and for careful and patient secretarial assistance from Anne-Barbara Hyde, Wilma Gonzalez Buenaobra, Rochelle Gittens, and Melissa Wills. The authors are also indebted to the External Relations Department, to Mike Treadway who edited the paper, and to Gail Berre who coordinated its production and publication.

    The opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Monetary Fund, the Executive Directors, or the Yemeni authorities.

    List of Abbreviations

    ARC

    Aden Refinery Company

    CanOxy

    Canadian Occidental Petroleum

    CBY

    Central Bank of Yemen

    CMEA

    Council of Mutual Economic Assistance

    CPI

    Consumer Price Index

    CSF

    Civil Service Fund

    CSO

    Central Statistics Organization

    DSA

    Debt Sustainability Analysis

    GAVTT

    General Authority for Vocational and Technical Training

    GIA

    General Investment Authority

    GPC

    General People’s Congress

    GST

    General Sales Tax

    HBS

    Household Budget Survey

    HC

    High Commission

    HDI

    Human Development Index

    HIPC

    Highly Indebted Poor Country

    HNS

    Harmonized Nomenclature System

    IDA

    International Development Agency

    IMF

    International Monetary Fund

    KUFPEC

    Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Company

    LCCD

    Local Councils for Cooperative Development

    LMIS

    Labor Market Information System Database

    LNG

    Liquefied Natural Gas

    LPG

    Liquefied Petroleum Gas

    MENA

    Middle East and Northern Africa

    MOLVT

    Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training

    MOP

    Ministry of Planning

    MPH

    Ministry of Public Health

    NGO

    Non Governmental Organization

    NPC

    Nimir Petroleum Company

    NPEC

    Nimir Petroleum Exploration Company

    NPV

    Net Present Value

    PAR

    Poverty Assessment Review

    PDRY

    People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen

    PEC

    Public Electricity Corporation

    PTC

    Public Telephone Corporation

    RGDI

    Real Gross Domestic Income

    RGDP

    Real Gross Domestic Product

    RO

    Repurchase Operations

    SFD

    Social Fund for Development

    SWF

    Social Welfare Fund

    TFP

    Total Factor Productivity

    TIN

    Taxpayer Identification Number

    TPCS

    Tax on Production, Consumption, and Services

    TPO

    Technical Privatization Office

    UNCTAD

    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    UNHCR

    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

    WEO

    World Economic Outlook

    WTO

    World Trade Organization

    YAR

    Yemen Arab Republic

    YBRD

    Yemen Bank for Reconstruction and Development

    YCIOM

    Yemeni Company for Investment in Oil and Mineral Resources

    YFZPA

    Yemen Free Zones Public authority

    YPC

    Yemen Petroleum Company

    YRG

    Yemeni Reform Group

    YSP

    Yemeni Socialist Party

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