- Nada Choueiri, Klaus-Stefan Enders, Yuri Sobolev, Jan Walliser, and Sherwyn Williams
- Published Date:
- May 2002
© 2002 International Monetary Fund
Production: IMF Graphics Section
Figures: IMF Graphics Section
Typesetting: Danielle Bujosa, Choon Lee
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Yemen in the 1990s: from unification to economic reform/ Klaus Enders …
[et al.] — Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund, 2001.
p. cm. — (Occasional paper; 208)
Includes bibliographical references.
1. Yemen—Economic conditions. 2. Yemen—Economic policy.
I. Enders, K. II. Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); 208.
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The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
. . . to indicate that data are not available;
n.a. to indicate not applicable;/m.o
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (i.e., 1994–95 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (i.e., 1994/95) to indicate a fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.
Most of the material presented in this Occasional Paper was originally prepared as background for discussions in the IMF Executive Board. It has been updated to take account of developments through early 2001. The authors are grateful to the Yemeni authorities for extensive discussions and comments and for their assistance in providing data and other source material.
This Occasional Paper has benefited from valuable analytical analyses from David Moore, Rodney Ramcharan, and Manmohan Singh. The authors are grateful for valuable comments from the staff in the Middle Eastern Department as well as the World Bank. The authors would also like to express their appreciation for valuable research assistance that was provided by Aminata Toure and for careful and patient secretarial assistance from Anne-Barbara Hyde, Wilma Gonzalez Buenaobra, Rochelle Gittens, and Melissa Wills. The authors are also indebted to the External Relations Department, to Mike Treadway who edited the paper, and to Gail Berre who coordinated its production and publication.
The opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the International Monetary Fund, the Executive Directors, or the Yemeni authorities.
List of Abbreviations
Aden Refinery Company
Canadian Occidental Petroleum
Central Bank of Yemen
Council of Mutual Economic Assistance
Consumer Price Index
Civil Service Fund
Central Statistics Organization
Debt Sustainability Analysis
General Authority for Vocational and Technical Training
General Investment Authority
General People’s Congress
General Sales Tax
Household Budget Survey
Human Development Index
Highly Indebted Poor Country
Harmonized Nomenclature System
International Development Agency
International Monetary Fund
Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Company
Local Councils for Cooperative Development
Labor Market Information System Database
Liquefied Natural Gas
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Middle East and Northern Africa
Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training
Ministry of Planning
Ministry of Public Health
Non Governmental Organization
Nimir Petroleum Company
Nimir Petroleum Exploration Company
Net Present Value
Poverty Assessment Review
People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen
Public Electricity Corporation
Public Telephone Corporation
Real Gross Domestic Income
Real Gross Domestic Product
Social Fund for Development
Social Welfare Fund
Total Factor Productivity
Taxpayer Identification Number
Tax on Production, Consumption, and Services
Technical Privatization Office
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
World Economic Outlook
World Trade Organization
Yemen Arab Republic
Yemen Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Yemeni Company for Investment in Oil and Mineral Resources
Yemen Free Zones Public authority
Yemen Petroleum Company
Yemeni Reform Group
Yemeni Socialist Party