- Wanda Tseng, Lorenzo Pérez, Zubair Iqbal, and Shailendra Anjaria
- Published Date:
- July 1981
International Standard Serial Number. ISSN 0251–6365
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External Relations Department, Attention Publications
International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C. 20431
The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (e.g., 1978–80 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 1979/80) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to roundings.
This study was prepared in the Exchange and Trade Relations Department of the International Monetary Fund. Its authors are Shailendra J. Anjaria, Chief of the Trade and Payments Division; Zubair Iqbal, Assistant Chief of the Trade and Payments Division; and Division staff members Lorenzo L. Perez and Wanda S. Tseng. The authors are indebted to a number of colleagues, both in the Fund and in other national and international agencies for their willingness to exchange views and provide information. The study was completed in March 1981 and does not take into account trade policy developments since that date. The authors alone are responsible for the study; any opinions expressed are theirs and do not necessarily represent the views of the Fund.