Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
Arvind Subramanian
Published Date:
September 2000
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    Contents

    The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

    • … to indicate that data are not available;

    • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;

    • – between years or months (e.g., 1998–99 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

    • / between years (e.g., 1998/99) to indicate a fiscal (financial) year.

    “Billion” means a thousand million.

    Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

    The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.

    List of Abbreviations

    BLNS

    Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

    CBI

    Cross-Border Initiative

    COMESA

    Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

    DRC

    Democratic Republic of Congo

    EAC

    Commission for East African Cooperation

    EPZ

    export processing zone

    ESA

    Eastern and Southern Africa

    EU

    European Union

    EU-SA FTA

    EU-South Africa free trade agreement

    FTA

    free trade agreement

    IOC

    Indian Ocean Commission

    ITU

    International Telecommunications Union

    MERCOSUR

    Common Market of the South

    MFN

    most-favored nation

    NAFTA

    North American Free Trade Agreement

    NGO

    Nongovernment organization

    NTB

    nontariff barrier

    ODC

    Other duties and charges

    RTA

    regional trade arrangement

    SACU

    Southern African Customs Union

    SADC

    Southern African Development Community

    SSA

    sub-Saharan Africa

    SITC

    Standard International Trade Classification

    TFP

    total factor productivity

    WAEMU

    West African Economic and Monetary Union

    WTO

    World Trade Organization

    Preface

    This occasional paper analyzes trade and trade policy developments in the countries of eastern and southern Africa during the 1990s, covering regional and multilateral integration issues, and the interaction between trade policies and macroeconomic conditions. It also discusses the main challenges these countries face as they enter a new decade.

    The authors are indebted to Anupam Basu for his guidance and support to carry out this work. Jon Shields, Joseph Kakoza, Mwanza Nkusu, Gunnar Jonsson, Berte Esteve-Volart, Anne McGuirk, and John King provided valuable input to the paper. The paper has also benefited from comments by the Fiscal Affairs, Policy Development and Review, and Research Departments of the IMF. The research assistance of Jaouad Sebti, the editorial assistance of Thomas Walter and Jeremy Clift, and the secretarial support of Mariza Arantes are gratefully acknowledged.

    The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of other members of the IMF staff or its Executive Directors.

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