- Richard Hemming, and Ali Mansoor
- Published Date:
- September 1998
© 1988 International Monetary Fund
Reprinted January 1992
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Privatization and public enterprises.
(Occasional paper, ISSN 0251-6365: no. 56)
1. Privatization. 2. Government business enterprises. 3. Efficiency, Industrial. I. Mansoor, Ali. II. Title. III. Series: Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); no. 56.
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The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (e.g., 1984–85 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 1985/86) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
This paper was prepared by Richard Hemming and Ali M. Mansoor of the Fund’s Fiscal Affairs Department, and Joslin Landell-Mills provided editorial assistance. The views expressed are those of the author and do not purport to represent those of the International Monetary Fund.
It should be noted that the term “country” used in this document does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. The term also covers some territorial entities that are not states but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.