- Daniel Citrin, and Ashok Lahiri
- Published Date:
- June 1995
© 1995 International Monetary Fund
Policy experiences and issues in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union / edited by Daniel A. Citrin and Ashok K. Lahiri ; with Jonathan Anderson … [et al.].—Washington, D.C. : Internatioanl Monetary Fund, 
p. cm. — (Occasional Paper, ISSN 0251-6365 ; no. 133)
1. Former Soviet republics — Economic policy. 2. Economic stabilization — Former Soviet republics. 3. Former Soviet republics— Economic conditions. I. Citrin, Daniel. II. Lahiri, Ashok. III. Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund) ; no. 133. HG336.27.P65 1995
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Daniel A. Citrin
Jonathan Anderson, Daniel A. Citrin, and Ashok K. Lahiri
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The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (e.g., 1991–92 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 1991/92) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice, the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.
This Occasional Paper is based on papers prepared during late 1994 and early 1995 and reflects developments until early 1995. Some of the papers were prepared for an IMF Executive Board discussion of policy experiences and issues in the Baltic countries. Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union. The authors would like to thank John Odling-Smee for his encouragement and support of this project, and Stanley Fischer, Susan Schadler, Teresa M. Ter-Minassian, and numerous other colleagues throughout the IMF for their valuable comments. Thanks are due to Lenna Garibian for research assistance, and Joan Campayne and Bonnie Coles for secretarial support. Juanita Roushdy of the External Relations Department gave the manuscript a final edit and coordinated production of the publication. The views expressed here, as well as any errors, are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Executive Directors of the IMF, or other members of the IMF staff.