- Jose Martelino, S. Erbas, Adnan Mazarei, Sena Eken, and Paul Cashin
- Published Date:
- December 1995
© 1995 International Monetary Fund
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Economic dislocation and recovery in Lebanon / Sena Eken … [et al.].
p. cm. —(Occasional Papers, ISSN 0251–6365; 120)
Includes bibliographical references.
ISBN 1–55775-459–4: $15.00
I. Lebanon—Economic conditions. 2. Lebanon—Economic policy.
3. Lebanon—History—Civil War, 1975Economic aspects.
I. Eken, Sena II. Series: Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); no. 120.
(US$12.00 to full-time faculty members and students at universities and colleges)
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The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
- between years or months (e.g., 1991–92 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 1991/92) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.
This Occasional Paper is based on studies that were prepared in connection with the 1994 Article IV consultation with Lebanon. The authors are grateful to the Lebanese authorities for their cooperation in this project. They would like to thank Said H. Hitti for his support and guidance in the production of the studies. They also thank Pierre-Richard Agenor, Toufic Gaspard, Nadeem Haque, Malcolm Knight, and John McDermott for their valuable comments, Use-Marie Fayad for assistance in preparing the charts, Susan E. Jones for secretarial assistance, and Elisa Diehl of the External Relations Department for editing the final paper and coordinating its production. The views expressed, as well as any errors, are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Lebanese authorities, the IMF, or its Executive Directors.