Chapter

World Economic Outlook Selected Topics

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Published Date:
April 2015
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World Economic Outlook Archives

World Economic Outlook: Building InstitutionsSeptember 2005
World Economic Outlook: Globalization and InflationApril 2006
World Economic Outlook: Financial Systems and Economic CyclesSeptember 2006
World Economic Outlook: Spillovers and Cycles in the Global EconomyApril 2007
World Economic Outlook: Globalization and InequalityOctober 2007
World Economic Outlook: Housing and the Business CycleApril 2008
World Economic Outlook: Financial Stress, Downturns, and RecoveriesOctober 2008
World Economic Outlook: Crisis and RecoveryApril 2009
World Economic Outlook: Sustaining the RecoveryOctober 2009
World Economic Outlook: Rebalancing GrowthApril 2010
World Economic Outlook: Recovery, Risk, and RebalancingOctober 2010
World Economic Outlook: Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery—Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital FlowsApril 2011
World Economic Outlook: Slowing Growth, Rising RisksSeptember 2011
World Economic Outlook: Growth Resuming, Dangers RemainApril 2012
World Economic Outlook: Coping with High Debt and Sluggish GrowthOctober 2012
World Economic Outlook: Hopes, Realities, RisksApril 2013
World Economic Outlook: Transitions and TensionsOctober 2013
World Economic Outlook: Recovery Strengthens, Remains UnevenApril 2014
World Economic Outlook: Legacies, Clouds, UncertaintiesOctober 2014
World Economic Outlook: Uneven Growth—Short- and Long-Term FactorsApril 2015

I. Methodology—Aggregation, Modeling, and Forecasting

How Accurate Are the Forecasts in the World Economic Outlook?April 2006, Box 1.3
Drawing the Line between Personal and Corporate SavingsApril 2006, Box 4.1
Measuring Inequality: Conceptual, Methodological, and Measurement IssuesOctober 2007, Box 4.1
New Business Cycle Indices for Latin America: A Historical ReconstructionOctober 2007, Box 5.3
Implications of New PPP Estimates for Measuring Global GrowthApril 2008, Appendix 1.1
Measuring Output GapsOctober 2008, Box 1.3
Assessing and Communicating Risks to the Global OutlookOctober 2008, Appendix 1.1
Fan Chart for Global GrowthApril 2009, Appendix 1.2
Indicators for Tracking GrowthOctober 2010, Appendix 1.2
Inferring Potential Output from Noisy Data: The Global Projection Model ViewOctober 2010, Box 1.3
Uncoordinated RebalancingOctober 2010, Box 1.4
World Economic Outlook Downside ScenariosApril 2011, Box 1.2
Fiscal Balance Sheets: The Significance of Nonfinancial Assets and Their MeasurementOctober 2014, Box 3.3

II. Historical Surveys

Long-Term Interest Rates from a Historical PerspectiveApril 2006, Box 1.1
Recycling Petrodollars in the 1970sApril 2006, Box 2.2
Historical Perspective on Growth and the Current AccountOctober 2008, Box 6.3
A Historical Perspective on International Financial CrisesOctober 2009, Box 4.1
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: 100 Years of Dealing with Public Debt OverhangsOctober 2012, Chapter 3

III. Economic Growth—Sources and Patterns

Building InstitutionsSeptember 2005, Chapter 3
Return on Investment in Industrial and Developing CountriesSeptember 2005, Box 2.2
The Use of Specific Levers to Reduce CorruptionSeptember 2005, Box 3.2
Examining the Impact of Unrequited Transfers on InstitutionsSeptember 2005, Box 3.3
The Impact of Recent Housing Market Adjustments in Industrial CountriesApril 2006, Box 1.2
Awash with Cash: Why Are Corporate Savings So High?April 2006, Chapter 4
The Global Implications of an Avian Flu PandemicApril 2006, Appendix 1.2
Asia Rising: Patterns of Economic Development and GrowthSeptember 2006, Chapter 3
Japan’s Potential Output and Productivity GrowthSeptember 2006, Box 3.1
The Evolution and Impact of Corporate Governance Quality in AsiaSeptember 2006, Box 3.2
Decoupling the Train? Spillovers and Cycles in the Global EconomyApril 2007, Chapter 4
Spillovers and International Business Cycle Synchronization: A Broader PerspectiveApril 2007, Box 4.3
The Discounting DebateOctober 2007, Box 1.7
Taxes versus Quantities under Uncertainty (Weitzman, 1974)October 2007, Box 1.8
Experience with Emissions Trading in the European UnionOctober 2007, Box 1.9
Climate Change: Economic Impact and Policy ResponsesOctober 2007, Appendix 1.2
What Risks Do Housing Markets Pose for Global Growth?October 2007, Box 2.1
The Changing Dynamics of the Global Business CycleOctober 2007, Chapter 5
Major Economies and Fluctuations in Global GrowthOctober 2007, Box 5.1
Improved Macroeconomic Performance—Good Luck or Good Policies?October 2007, Box 5.2
House Prices: Corrections and ConsequencesOctober 2008, Box 1.2
Global Business CyclesApril 2009, Box 1.1
How Similar Is the Current Crisis to the Great Depression?April 2009, Box 3.1
Is Credit a Vital Ingredient for Recovery? Evidence from Industry-Level DataApril 2009, Box 3.2
From Recession to Recovery: How Soon and How Strong?April 2009, Chapter 3
What’s the Damage? Medium-Term Output Dynamics after Financial CrisesOctober 2009, Chapter 4
Will the Recovery Be Jobless?October 2009, Box 1.3
Unemployment Dynamics during Recessions and Recoveries: Okun’s Law and BeyondApril 2010, Chapter 3
Does Slow Growth in Advanced Economies Necessarily Imply Slow Growth in Emerging Economies?October 2010, Box 1.1
The Global Recovery: Where Do We Stand?April 2012, Box 1.2
How Does Uncertainty Affect Economic Performance?October 2012, Box 1.3
Resilience in Emerging Market and Developing Economies: Will It Last?October 2012, Chapter 4
Jobs and Growth: Can’t Have One without the Other?October 2012, Box 4.1
Spillovers from Policy Uncertainty in the United States and EuropeApril 2013, Chapter 2, Spillover Feature
Breaking through the Frontier: Can Today’s Dynamic Low-Income Countries Make It?April 2013, Chapter 4
What Explains the Slowdown in the BRICS?October 2013, Box 1.2
Dancing Together? Spillovers, Common Shocks, and the Role of Financial and Trade LinkagesOctober 2013, Chapter 3
Output Synchronicity in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan and in the Caucasus and Central AsiaOctober 2013, Box 3.1
Spillovers from Changes in U.S. Monetary PolicyOctober 2013, Box 3.2
Saving and Economic GrowthApril 2014, Box 3.1
On the Receiving End? External Conditions and Emerging Market Growth before, during, and after the Global Financial CrisisApril 2014, Chapter 4
The Impact of External Conditions on Medium-Term Growth in Emerging Market EconomiesApril 2014, Box 4.1
The Origins of IMF Growth Forecast Revisions since 2011October 2014, Box 1.2
Underlying Drivers of U.S. Yields Matter for SpilloversOctober 2014, Chapter 2, Spillover Feature
Is It Time for an Infrastructure Push? The Macroeconomic Effects of Public InvestmentOctober 2014, Chapter 3
The Macroeconomic Effects of Scaling Up Public Investment in Developing EconomiesOctober 2014, Box 3.4
Where Are We Headed? Perspectives on Potential OutputApril 2015, Chapter 3
Steady As She Goes—Estimating Sustainable OutputApril 2015, Box 3.1

IV. Inflation and Deflation and Commodity Markets

Long-Term Inflation Expectations and CredibilitySeptember 2005, Box 4.2
The Boom in Nonfuel Commodity Prices: Can It Last?September 2006, Chapter 5
International Oil Companies and National Oil Companies in a Changing Oil Sector EnvironmentSeptember 2006, Box 1.4
Commodity Price Shocks, Growth, and Financing in Sub-Saharan AfricaSeptember 2006, Box 2.2
Has Speculation Contributed to Higher Commodity Prices?September 2006, Box 5.1
Agricultural Trade Liberalization and Commodity PricesSeptember 2006, Box 5.2
Recent Developments in Commodity MarketsSeptember 2006, Appendix 2.1
Who Is Harmed by the Surge in Food Prices?October 2007, Box 1.1
Refinery BottlenecksOctober 2007, Box 1.5
Making the Most of BiofuelsOctober 2007, Box 1.6
Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsApril 2008, Appendix 1.2
Dollar Depreciation and Commodity PricesApril 2008, Box 1.4
Why Hasn’t Oil Supply Responded to Higher Prices?April 2008, Box 1.5
Oil Price BenchmarksApril 2008, Box 1.6
Globalization, Commodity Prices, and Developing CountriesApril 2008, Chapter 5
The Current Commodity Price Boom in PerspectiveApril 2008, Box 5.2
Is Inflation Back? Commodity Prices and InflationOctober 2008, Chapter 3
Does Financial Investment Affect Commodity Price Behavior?October 2008, Box 3.1
Fiscal Responses to Recent Commodity Price Increases: An AssessmentOctober 2008, Box 3.2
Monetary Policy Regimes and Commodity PricesOctober 2008, Box 3.3
Assessing Deflation Risks in the G3 EconomiesApril 2009, Box 1.3
Will Commodity Prices Rise Again when the Global Economy Recovers?April 2009, Box 1.5
Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsApril 2009, Appendix 1.1
Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsOctober 2009, Appendix 1.1
What Do Options Markets Tell Us about Commodity Price Prospects?October 2009, Box 1.6
What Explains the Rise in Food Price Volatility?October 2009, Box 1.7
How Unusual Is the Current Commodity Price Recovery?April 2010, Box 1.2
Commodity Futures Price Curves and Cyclical Market AdjustmentApril 2010, Box 1.3
Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsOctober 2010, Appendix 1.1
Dismal Prospects for the Real Estate SectorOctober 2010, Box 1.2
Have Metals Become More Scarce and What Does Scarcity Mean for Prices?October 2010, Box 1.5
Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsApril 2011, Appendix 1.2
Oil Scarcity, Growth, and Global ImbalancesApril 2011, Chapter 3
Life Cycle Constraints on Global Oil ProductionApril 2011, Box 3.1
Unconventional Natural Gas: A Game Changer?April 2011, Box 3.2
Short-Term Effects of Oil Shocks on Economic ActivityApril 2011, Box 3.3
Low-Frequency Filtering for Extracting Business Cycle TrendsApril 2011, Appendix 3.1
The Energy and Oil Empirical ModelsApril 2011, Appendix 3.2
Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsSeptember 2011, Appendix 1.1
Financial Investment, Speculation, and Commodity PricesSeptember 2011, Box 1.4
Target What You Can Hit: Commodity Price Swings and Monetary PolicySeptember 2011, Chapter 3
Commodity Market ReviewApril 2012, Chapter 1, Special Feature
Commodity Price Swings and Commodity ExportersApril 2012, Chapter 4
Macroeconomic Effects of Commodity Price Shocks on Low-Income CountriesApril 2012, Box 4.1
Volatile Commodity Prices and the Development Challenge in Low-Income CountriesApril 2012, Box 4.2
Commodity Market ReviewOctober 2012, Chapter 1, Special Feature
Unconventional Energy in the United StatesOctober 2012, Box 1.4
Food Supply Crunch: Who Is Most Vulnerable?October 2012, Box 1.5
Commodity Market ReviewApril 2013, Chapter 1, Special Feature
The Dog That Didn’t Bark: Has Inflation Been Muzzled or Was It Just Sleeping?April 2013, Chapter 3
Does Inflation Targeting Still Make Sense with a Flatter Phillips Curve?April 2013, Box 3.1
Commodity Market ReviewOctober 2013, Chapter 1, Special Feature
Energy Booms and the Current Account: Cross-Country ExperienceOctober 2013, Box 1.SF.1
Oil Price Drivers and the Narrowing WTI-Brent SpreadOctober 2013, Box 1.SF.2
Anchoring Inflation Expectations When Inflation Is UndershootingApril 2014, Box 1.3
Commodity Prices and ForecastsApril 2014, Chapter 1, Special Feature
Commodity Market Developments and Forecasts, with a Focus on Natural GasOctober 2014, Chapter 1,
in the World EconomySpecial Feature
Commodity Market Developments and Forecasts, with a Focus on InvestmentApril 2015, Chapter 1,
in an Era of Low Oil PricesSpecial Feature
The Oil Price Collapse: Demand or Supply?April 2015, Box 1.1

V. Fiscal Policy

Is Public Debt in Emerging Markets Still Too High?September 2005, Box 1.1
Improved Emerging Market Fiscal Performance: Cyclical or Structural?September 2006, Box 2.1
When Does Fiscal Stimulus Work?April 2008, Box 2.1
Fiscal Policy as a Countercyclical ToolOctober 2008, Chapter 5
Differences in the Extent of Automatic Stabilizers and Their Relationship with Discretionary Fiscal PolicyOctober 2008, Box 5.1
Why Is It So Hard to Determine the Effects of Fiscal Stimulus?October 2008, Box 5.2
Have the U.S. Tax Cuts Been “TTT” [Timely, Temporary, and Targeted]?October 2008, Box 5.3
Will It Hurt? Macroeconomic Effects of Fiscal ConsolidationOctober 2010, Chapter 3
Separated at Birth? The Twin Budget and Trade BalancesSeptember 2011, Chapter 4
Are We Underestimating Short-Term Fiscal Multipliers?October 2012, Box 1.1
The Implications of High Public Debt in Advanced EconomiesOctober 2012, Box 1.2
The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: 100 Years of Dealing with Public Debt OverhangsOctober 2012, Chapter 3
The Great Divergence of PoliciesApril 2013, Box 1.1
Public Debt Overhang and Private Sector PerformanceApril 2013, Box 1.2
Is It Time for an Infrastructure Push? The Macroeconomic Effects of Public InvestmentOctober 2014, Chapter 3
Improving the Efficiency of Public InvestmentOctober 2014, Box 3.2
The Macroeconomic Effects of Scaling Up Public Investment in Developing EconomiesOctober 2014, Box 3.4
Fiscal Institutions, Rules, and Public InvestmentOctober 2014, Box 3.5

VI. Monetary Policy, Financial Markets, and Flow of Funds

Does Inflation Targeting Work in Emerging Markets?September 2005, Chapter 4
A Closer Look at Inflation Targeting Alternatives: Money and Exchange Rate TargetsSeptember 2005, Box 4.1
How Has Globalization Affected Inflation?April 2006, Chapter 3
The Impact of Petrodollars on U.S. and Emerging Market Bond YieldsApril 2006, Box 2.3
Globalization and Inflation in Emerging MarketsApril 2006, Box 3.1
Globalization and Low Inflation in a Historical PerspectiveApril 2006, Box 3.2
Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Import PricesApril 2006, Box 3.3
Trends in the Financial Sector’s Profits and SavingsApril 2006, Box 4.2
How Do Financial Systems Affect Economic Cycles?September 2006, Chapter 4
Financial Leverage and Debt DeflationSeptember 2006, Box 4.1
Financial Linkages and SpilloversApril 2007, Box 4.1
Macroeconomic Conditions in Industrial Countries and Financial Flows to Emerging MarketsApril 2007, Box 4.2
Macroeconomic Implications of Recent Market Turmoil: Patterns from Previous EpisodesOctober 2007, Box 1.2
What Is Global Liquidity?October 2007, Box 1.4
The Changing Housing Cycle and the Implications for Monetary PolicyApril 2008, Chapter 3
Is There a Credit Crunch?April 2008, Box 1.1
Assessing Vulnerabilities to Housing Market CorrectionsApril 2008, Box 3.1
Financial Stress and Economic DownturnsOctober 2008, Chapter 4
Policies to Resolve Financial System Stress and Restore Sound Financial IntermediationOctober 2008, Box 4.1
The Latest Bout of Financial Distress: How Does It Change the Global Outlook?October 2008, Box 1.1
How Vulnerable Are Nonfinancial Firms?April 2009, Box 1.2
The Case of Vanishing Household WealthApril 2009, Box 2.1
Impact of Foreign Bank Ownership during Home-Grown CrisesApril 2009, Box 4.1
A Financial Stress Index for Emerging EconomiesApril 2009, Appendix 4.1
Financial Stress in Emerging Economies: Econometric AnalysisApril 2009, Appendix 4.2
How Linkages Fuel the FireApril 2009, Chapter 4
Lessons for Monetary Policy from Asset Price FluctuationsOctober 2009, Chapter 3
Were Financial Markets in Emerging Economies More Resilient than in Past Crises?October 2009, Box 1.2
Risks from Real Estate MarketsOctober 2009, Box 1.4
Financial Conditions IndicesApril 2011, Appendix 1.1
House Price Busts in Advanced Economies: Repercussions for Global Financial MarketsApril 2011, Box 1.1
International Spillovers and Macroeconomic PolicymakingApril 2011, Box 1.3
Credit Boom-Bust Cycles: Their Triggers and Policy ImplicationsSeptember 2011, Box 1.2
Are Equity Price Drops Harbingers of Recession?September 2011, Box 1.3
Cross-Border Spillovers from Euro Area Bank DeleveragingApril 2012, Chapter 2, Spillover Feature
The Financial Transmission of Stress in the Global EconomyOctober 2012, Chapter 2, Spillover Feature
The Great Divergence of PoliciesApril 2013, Box 1.1
Taper Talks: What to Expect When the United States Is TighteningOctober 2013, Box 1.1
Credit Supply and Economic GrowthApril 2014, Box 1.1
Should Advanced Economies Worry about Growth Shocks in Emerging Market Economies?April 2014, Chapter 2, Spillover Feature
Perspectives on Global Real Interest RatesApril 2014, Chapter 3
Housing Markets across the Globe: An UpdateOctober 2014, Box 1.1
The Trade Implications of the U.S. Shale Gas BoomOctober 2014, Box 1.SF.1

VII. Labor Markets, Poverty, and Inequality

The Globalization of LaborApril 2007, Chapter 5
Emigration and Trade: How Do They Affect Developing Countries?April 2007, Box 5.1
Labor Market Reforms in the Euro Area and the Wage-Unemployment Trade-OffOctober 2007, Box 2.2
Globalization and InequalityOctober 2007, Chapter 4
The Dualism between Temporary and Permanent Contracts: Measures, Effects, and Policy IssuesApril 2010, Box 3.1
Short-Time Work ProgramsApril 2010, Box 3.2
Slow Recovery to Nowhere? A Sectoral View of Labor Markets in Advanced EconomiesSeptember 2011, Box 1.1
The Labor Share in Europe and the United States during and after the Great RecessionApril 2012, Box 1.1
Jobs and Growth: Can’t Have One without the Other?October 2012, Box 4.1

VIII. Exchange Rate Issues

How Emerging Market Countries May Be Affected by External ShocksSeptember 2006, Box 1.3
Exchange Rates and the Adjustment of External ImbalancesApril 2007, Chapter 3
Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Trade Prices and External AdjustmentApril 2007, Box 3.3
Depreciation of the U.S. Dollar: Causes and ConsequencesApril 2008, Box 1.2
Lessons from the Crisis: On the Choice of Exchange Rate RegimeApril 2010, Box 1.1
Exchange Rate Regimes and Crisis Susceptibility in Emerging MarketsApril 2014, Box 1.4

IX. External Payments, Trade, Capital Movements, and Foreign Debt

Global Imbalances: A Saving and Investment PerspectiveSeptember 2005, Chapter 2
Impact of Demographic Change on Saving, Investment, and Current Account BalancesSeptember 2005, Box 2.3
How Will Global Imbalances Adjust?September 2005, Appendix 1.2
Oil Prices and Global ImbalancesApril 2006, Chapter 2
How Much Progress Has Been Made in Addressing Global Imbalances?April 2006, Box 1.4
The Doha Round after the Hong Kong SAR MeetingsApril 2006, Box 1.5
Capital Flows to Emerging Market Countries: A Long-Term PerspectiveSeptember 2006, Box 1.1
How Will Global Imbalances Adjust?September 2006, Box 2.1
External Sustainability and Financial IntegrationApril 2007, Box 3.1
Large and Persistent Current Account ImbalancesApril 2007, Box 3.2
Multilateral Consultation on Global ImbalancesOctober 2007, Box 1.3
Managing the Macroeconomic Consequences of Large and Volatile Aid FlowsOctober 2007, Box 2.3
Managing Large Capital InflowsOctober 2007, Chapter 3
Can Capital Controls Work?October 2007, Box 3.1
Multilateral Consultation on Global Imbalances: Progress ReportApril 2008, Box 1.3
How Does the Globalization of Trade and Finance Affect Growth? Theory and EvidenceApril 2008, Box 5.1
Divergence of Current Account Balances across Emerging EconomiesOctober 2008, Chapter 6
Current Account Determinants for Oil-Exporting CountriesOctober 2008, Box 6.1
Sovereign Wealth Funds: Implications for Global Financial MarketsOctober 2008, Box 6.2
Global Imbalances and the Financial CrisisApril 2009, Box 1.4
Trade Finance and Global Trade: New Evidence from Bank SurveysOctober 2009, Box 1.1
From Deficit to Surplus: Recent Shifts in Global Current AccountsOctober 2009, Box 1.5
Getting the Balance Right: Transitioning out of Sustained Current Account SurplusesApril 2010, Chapter 4
Emerging Asia: Responding to Capital InflowsOctober 2010, Box 2.1
Latin America-5: Riding Another Wave of Capital InflowsOctober 2010, Box 2.2
Do Financial Crises Have Lasting Effects on Trade?October 2010, Chapter 4
Unwinding External Imbalances in the European Union PeripheryApril 2011, Box 2.1
International Capital Flows: Reliable or Fickle?April 2011, Chapter 4
External Liabilities and Crisis Tipping PointsSeptember 2011, Box 1.5
The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro AreaApril 2013, Box 1.3
External Rebalancing in the Euro AreaOctober 2013, Box 1.3
The Yin and Yang of Capital Flow Management: Balancing Capital Inflows with Capital OutflowsOctober 2013, Chapter 4
Simulating Vulnerability to International Capital Market ConditionsOctober 2013, Box 4.1
Are Global Imbalances at a Turning Point?October 2014, Chapter 4
Switching Gears: The 1986 External AdjustmentOctober 2014, Box 4.1
A Tale of Two Adjustments: East Asia and the Euro AreaOctober 2014, Box 4.2
Understanding the Role of Cyclical and Structural Factors in the Global Trade SlowdownApril 2015, Box 1.2

X. Regional Issues

What Explains Divergent External Sector Performance in the Euro Area?September 2005, Box 1.3
Pressures Mount for African Cotton ProducersSeptember 2005, Box 1.5
Is Investment in Emerging Asia Too Low?September 2005, Box 2.4
Developing Institutions to Reflect Local Conditions: The Example of Ownership Transformation in China versus Central and Eastern EuropeSeptember 2005, Box 3.1
How Rapidly Are Oil Exporters Spending Their Revenue Gains?April 2006, Box 2.1
EMU: 10 Years OnOctober 2008, Box 2.1
Vulnerabilities in Emerging EconomiesApril 2009, Box 2.2
East-West Linkages and Spillovers in EuropeApril 2012, Box 2.1
The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro AreaApril 2013, Box 1.3

XI. Country-Specific Analyses

Why Is the U.S. International Income Account Still in the Black, and Will This Last?September, 2005, Box 1.2
Is India Becoming an Engine for Global Growth?September, 2005, Box 1.4
Saving and Investment in ChinaSeptember, 2005, Box 2.1
China’s GDP Revision: What Does It Mean for China and the Global Economy?April 2006, Box 1.6
What Do Country Studies of the Impact of Globalization on Inequality Tell Us? Examples from Mexico, China, and IndiaOctober 2007, Box 4.2
Japan after the Plaza AccordApril 2010, Box 4.1
Taiwan Province of China in the Late 1980sApril 2010, Box 4.2
Did the Plaza Accord Cause Japan’s Lost Decades?April 2011, Box 1.4
Where Is China’s External Surplus Headed?April 2012, Box 1.3
The U.S. Home Owners’ Loan CorporationApril 2012, Box 3.1
Household Debt Restructuring in IcelandApril 2012, Box 3.2
Abenomics: Risks after Early Success?October 2013, Box 1.4
Is China’s Spending Pattern Shifting (away from Commodities)?April 2014, Box 1.2
Public Investment in Japan during the Lost DecadeOctober 2014, Box 3.1

XII. Special Topics

Climate Change and the Global EconomyApril 2008, Chapter 4
Rising Car Ownership in Emerging Economies: Implications for Climate ChangeApril 2008, Box 4.1
South Asia: Illustrative Impact of an Abrupt Climate ShockApril 2008, Box 4.2
Macroeconomic Policies for Smoother Adjustment to Abrupt Climate ShocksApril 2008, Box 4.3
Catastrophe Insurance and Bonds: New Instruments to Hedge Extreme Weather RisksApril 2008, Box 4.4
Recent Emission-Reduction Policy InitiativesApril 2008, Box 4.5
Complexities in Designing Domestic Mitigation PoliciesApril 2008, Box 4.6

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