Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Published Date:
April 2012
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    World Economic Outlook Selected Topics

    World Economic Outlook Archives

    World Economic Outlook: Recessions and RecoveriesApril 2002
    World Economic Outlook: Trade and FinanceSeptember 2002
    World Economic Outlook: Growth and InstitutionsApril 2003
    World Economic Outlook: Public Debt in Emerging MarketsSeptember 2003
    World Economic Outlook: Advancing Structural ReformsApril 2004
    World Economic Outlook: The Global Demographic TransitionSeptember 2004
    World Economic Outlook: Globalization and External BalancesApril 2005
    World Economic Outlook: Building InstitutionsSeptember 2005
    World Economic Outlook: Globalization and InflationApril 2006
    World Economic Outlook: Financial Systems and Economic CyclesSeptember 2006
    World Economic Outlook: Spillovers and Cycles in the Global EconomyApril 2007
    World Economic Outlook: Globalization and InequalityOctober 2007
    World Economic Outlook: Housing and the Business CycleApril 2008
    World Economic Outlook: Financial Stress, Downturns, and RecoveriesOctober 2008
    World Economic Outlook: Crisis and RecoveryApril 2009
    World Economic Outlook: Sustaining the RecoveryOctober 2009
    World Economic Outlook: Rebalancing GrowthApril 2010
    World Economic Outlook: Recovery, Risk, and RebalancingOctober 2010
    World Economic Outlook: Tensions from the Two-Speed Recovery—Unemployment, Commodities, and Capital FlowsApril 2011
    World Economic Outlook: Slowing Growth, Rising RisksSeptember 2011
    World Economic Outlook: Growth Resuming, Dangers RemainApril 2012

    I. Methodology—Aggregation, Modeling, and Forecasting

    The Global Economy ModelApril 2003, Box 4.3
    How Should We Measure Global Growth?September 2003, Box 1.2
    Measuring Foreign ReservesSeptember 2003, Box 2.2
    The Effects of Tax Cuts in a Global Fiscal ModelApril 2004, Box 2.2
    How Accurate Are the Forecasts in the World Economic Outlook?April 2006, Box 1.3
    Drawing the Line Between Personal and Corporate SavingsApril 2006, Box 4.2
    Measuring Inequality: Conceptual, Methodological, and Measurement IssuesOctober 2007, Box 4.2
    New Business Cycle Indices for Latin America: A Historical ReconstructionOctober 2007, Box 5.3
    Implications of New PPP Estimates for Measuring Global GrowthApril 2008, Appendix 1.1
    Measuring Output GapsOctober 2008, Box 1.3
    Assessing and Communicating Risks to the Global OutlookOctober 2008, Appendix 1.1
    Fan Chart for Global GrowthApril 2009, Appendix 1.2
    Indicators for Tracking GrowthOctober 2010, Appendix 1.2
    Inferring Potential Output from Noisy Data: The Global Projection Model ViewOctober 2010, Box 1.3
    Uncoordinated RebalancingOctober 2010, Box 1.4
    World Economic Outlook Downside ScenariosApril 2011, Box 1.2

    II. Historical Surveys

    A Historical Perspective on Booms, Busts, and RecessionsApril 2003, Box 2.1
    Institutional Development: The Influence of History and GeographyApril 2003, Box 3.1
    External Imbalances Then and NowApril 2005, Box 3.1
    Long-Term Interest Rates from a Historical PerspectiveApril 2006, Box 1.1
    Recycling Petrodollars in the 1970sApril 2006, Box 2.2
    Historical Perspective on Growth and the Current AccountOctober 2008, Box 6.3
    A Historical Perspective on International Financial CrisesOctober 2009, Box 4.2

    III. Economic Growth—Sources and Patterns

    Growth and InstitutionsApril 2003, Chapter 3
    Is the New Economy Dead?April 2003, Box 1.2
    Have External Anchors Accelerated Institutional Reform in Practice?April 2003, Box 3.2
    Institutional Development: The Role of the IMFApril 2003, Box 3.4
    How Would War in Iraq Affect the Global Economy?April 2003, Appendix 1.2
    How Can Economic Growth in the Middle East and North Africa Region Be Accelerated?September 2003, Chapter 2
    Recent Changes in Monetary and Financial Conditions in the Major Currency AreasSeptember 2003, Box 1.1
    Managing Increasing Aid Flows to Developing CountriesSeptember 2003, Box 1.3
    Accounting for Growth in the Middle East and North AfricaSeptember 2003, Box 2.1
    Fostering Structural Reforms in Industrial CountriesApril 2004, Chapter 3
    How Will Demographic Change Affect the Global Economy?September 2004, Chapter 3
    HIV/AIDS: Demographic, Economic, and Fiscal ConsequencesSeptember 2004, Box 3.3
    Implications of Demographic Change for Health Care SystemsSeptember 2004, Box 3.4
    Workers’ Remittances and Economic DevelopmentApril 2005, Chapter 2
    Output Volatility in Emerging Market and Developing CountriesApril 2005, Chapter 2
    How Does Macroeconomic Instability Stifle Sub-Saharan African Growth?April 2005, Box 1.5
    How Should Middle Eastern and Central Asian Oil Exporters Use Their Oil Revenues?April 2005, Box 1.6
    Why Is Volatility Harmful?April 2005, Box 2.3
    Building InstitutionsSeptember 2005, Chapter 3
    Return on Investment in Industrial and Developing CountriesSeptember 2005, Box 2.2
    The Use of Specific Levers to Reduce CorruptionSeptember 2005, Box 3.2
    Examining the Impact of Unrequited Transfers on InstitutionsSeptember 2005, Box 3.3
    The Impact of Recent Housing Market Adjustments in Industrial CountriesApril 2006, Box 1.2
    Awash with Cash: Why Are Corporate Savings So High?April 2006, Chapter 4
    The Global Implications of an Avian Flu PandemicApril 2006, Appendix 1.2
    Asia Rising: Patterns of Economic Development and GrowthSeptember 2006, Chapter 3
    Japan’s Potential Output and Productivity GrowthSeptember 2006, Box 3.1
    The Evolution and Impact of Corporate Governance Quality in AsiaSeptember 2006, Box 3.2
    Decoupling the Train? Spillovers and Cycles in the Global EconomyApril 2007, Chapter 4
    Spillovers and International Business Cycle Synchronization: A Broader PerspectiveApril 2007, Box 4.3
    The Discounting DebateOctober 2007, Box 1.7
    Taxes versus Quantities under Uncertainty (Weitzman, 1974)October 2007, Box 1.8
    Experience with Emissions Trading in the European UnionOctober 2007, Box 1.9
    Climate Change: Economic Impact and Policy ResponsesOctober 2007, Appendix 1.2
    What Risks Do Housing Markets Pose for Global Growth?October 2007, Box 2.1
    The Changing Dynamics of the Global Business CycleOctober 2007, Chapter 5
    Major Economies and Fluctuations in Global GrowthOctober 2007, Box 5.1
    Improved Macroeconomic Performance—Good Luck or Good Policies?October 2007, Box 5.2
    House Prices: Corrections and ConsequencesOctober 2008, Box 1.2
    Global Business CyclesApril 2009, Box 1.1
    How Similar Is the Current Crisis to the Great Depression?April 2009, Box 3.1
    Is Credit a Vital Ingredient for Recovery? Evidence from Industry-Level DataApril 2009, Box 3.2
    From Recession to Recovery: How Soon and How Strong?April 2009, Chapter 3
    What’s the Damage? Medium-Term Output Dynamics after Financial CrisesOctober 2009, Chapter 4
    Will the Recovery Be Jobless?October 2009, Box 1.3
    Unemployment Dynamics during Recessions and Recoveries: Okun’s Law and BeyondApril 2010, Chapter 3
    Does Slow Growth in Advanced Economies Necessarily Imply Slow Growth in Emerging Economies?October 2010, Box 1.1
    The Global Recovery: Where Do We Stand?April 2012, Box 1.2

    IV. Inflation and Deflation, and Commodity Markets

    Could Deflation Become a Global Problem?April 2003, Box 1.1
    Housing Markets in Industrial CountriesApril 2004, Box 1.2
    Is Global Inflation Coming Back?September 2004, Box 1.1
    What Explains the Recent Run-Up in House Prices?September 2004, Box 2.1
    Will the Oil Market Continue to Be Tight?April 2005, Chapter 4
    Should Countries Worry about Oil Price Fluctuations?April 2005, Box 4.2
    Data Quality in the Oil MarketApril 2005, Box 4.2
    Long-Term Inflation Expectations and CredibilitySeptember 2005, Box 4.2
    The Boom in Nonfuel Commodity Prices: Can It Last?September 2006, Chapter 5
    International Oil Companies and National Oil Companies in a Changing Oil Sector EnvironmentSeptember 2006, Box 1.4
    Commodity Price Shocks, Growth, and Financing in Sub-Saharan AfricaSeptember 2006, Box 2.2
    Has Speculation Contributed to Higher Commodity Prices?September 2006, Box 5.1
    Agricultural Trade Liberalization and Commodity PricesSeptember 2006, Box 5.2
    Recent Developments in Commodity MarketsSeptember 2006, Appendix 2.1
    Who Is Harmed by the Surge in Food Prices?October 2007, Box 1.1
    Refinery BottlenecksOctober 2007, Box 1.5
    Making the Most of BiofuelsOctober 2007, Box 1.6
    Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsApril 2008, Appendix 1.2
    Dollar Depreciation and Commodity PricesApril 2008, Box 1.4
    Why Hasn’t Oil Supply Responded to Higher Prices?April 2008, Box 1.5
    Oil Price BenchmarksApril 2008, Box 1.6
    Globalization, Commodity Prices, and Developing CountriesApril 2008, Chapter 5
    The Current Commodity Price Boom in PerspectiveApril 2008, Box 5.2
    Is Inflation Back? Commodity Prices and InflationOctober 2008, Chapter 3
    Does Financial Investment Affect Commodity Price Behavior?October 2008, Box 3.1
    Fiscal Responses to Recent Commodity Price Increases: An AssessmentOctober 2008, Box 3.2
    Monetary Policy Regimes and Commodity PricesOctober 2008, Box 3.3
    Assessing Deflation Risks in the G3 EconomiesApril 2009, Box 1.3
    Will Commodity Prices Rise Again when the Global Economy Recovers?April 2009, Box 1.5
    Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsApril 2009, Appendix 1.1
    Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsOctober 2009, Appendix 1.1
    What Do Options Markets Tell Us about Commodity Price Prospects?October 2009, Box 1.6
    What Explains the Rise in Food Price Volatility?October 2009, Box 1.7
    How Unusual Is the Current Commodity Price Recovery?April 2010, Box 1.2
    Commodity Futures Price Curves and Cyclical Market AdjustmentApril 2010, Box 1.3
    Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsOctober 2010, Appendix 1.1
    Dismal Prospects for the Real Estate SectorOctober 2010, Box 1.2
    Have Metals Become More Scarce and What Does Scarcity Mean for Prices?October 2010, Box 1.5
    Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsApril 2011, Appendix 1.2
    Oil Scarcity, Growth, and Global ImbalancesApril 2011, Chapter 3
    Life Cycle Constraints on Global Oil ProductionApril 2011, Box 3.1
    Unconventional Natural Gas: A Game Changer?April 2011, Box 3.2
    Short-Term Effects of Oil Shocks on Economic ActivityApril 2011, Box 3.3
    Low-Frequency Filtering for Extracting Business Cycle TrendsApril 2011, Appendix 3.1
    The Energy and Oil Empirical ModelsApril 2011, Appendix 3.2
    Commodity Market Developments and ProspectsSeptember 2011, Appendix 1.1
    Financial Investment, Speculation, and Commodity PricesSeptember 2011, Box 1.4
    Target What You Can Hit: Commodity Price Swings and Monetary PolicySeptember 2011, Chapter 3
    Commodity Market ReviewApril 2012, Spillover Feature
    Commodity Price Swings and Commodity ExportersApril 2012, Chapter 4
    Macroeconomic Effects of Commodity Price Shocks on Low-Income CountriesApril 2012, Box 4.1
    Volatile Commodity Prices and the Development Challenge in Low-Income CountriesApril 2012, Box 4.2

    V. Fiscal Policy

    Data on Public Debt in Emerging Market EconomiesSeptember 2003, Box 3.1
    Fiscal Risk: Contingent Liabilities and DemographicsSeptember 2003, Box 3.2
    Assessing Fiscal Sustainability under UncertaintySeptember 2003, Box 3.3
    The Case for Growth-Indexed BondsSeptember 2003, Box 3.4
    Public Debt in Emerging Markets: Is It Too High?September 2003, Chapter 3
    Has Fiscal Behavior Changed under the European Economic and Monetary Union?September 2004, Chapter 2
    Bringing Small Entrepreneurs into the Formal EconomySeptember 2004, Box 1.5
    HIV/AIDS: Demographic, Economic, and Fiscal ConsequencesSeptember 2004, Box 3.3
    Implications of Demographic Change for Health Care SystemsSeptember 2004, Box 3.4
    Impact of Aging on Public Pension PlansSeptember 2004, Box 3.5
    How Should Middle Eastern and Central Asian Oil Exporters Use Their Oil Revenues?April 2005, Box 1.6
    Financial Globalization and the Conduct of Macroeconomic PoliciesApril 2005, Box 3.3
    Is Public Debt in Emerging Markets Still Too High?September 2005, Box 1.1
    Improved Emerging Market Fiscal Performance: Cyclical or Structural?September 2006, Box 2.1
    When Does Fiscal Stimulus Work?April 2008, Box 2.1
    Fiscal Policy as a Countercyclical ToolOctober 2008, Chapter 5
    Differences in the Extent of Automatic Stabilizers and Their Relationship with Discretionary Fiscal PolicyOctober 2008, Box 5.1
    Why Is It So Hard to Determine the Effects of Fiscal Stimulus?October 2008, Box 5.2
    Have the U.S. Tax Cuts Been “TTT” [Timely, Temporary, and Targeted]?October 2008, Box 5.3
    Will It Hurt? Macroeconomic Effects of Fiscal ConsolidationOctober 2010, Chapter 3
    Separated at Birth? The Twin Budget and Trade BalancesSeptember 2011, Chapter 4

    VI. Monetary Policy, Financial Markets, and Flow of Funds

    When Bubbles BurstApril 2003, Chapter 2
    How Do Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities Affect Investment?April 2003, Box 2.3
    Identifying Asset Price Booms and BustsApril 2003, Appendix 2.1
    Are Foreign Exchange Reserves in Asia Too High?September 2003, Chapter 2
    Reserves and Short-Term DebtSeptember 2003, Box 2.3
    Are Credit Booms in Emerging Markets a Concern?April 2004, Chapter 4
    How Do U.S. Interest and Exchange Rates Affect Emerging Markets’ Balance Sheets?April 2004, Box 2.1
    Does Financial Sector Development Help Economic Growth and Welfare?April 2004, Box 4.2
    Adjustable- or Fixed-Rate Mortgages: What Influences a Country’s Choices?September 2004, Box 2.2
    What Are the Risks from Low U.S. Long-Term Interest Rates?April 2005, Box 1.2
    Regulating RemittancesApril 2005, Box 2.2
    Financial Globalization and the Conduct of Macroeconomic PoliciesApril 2005, Box 3.3
    Monetary Policy in a Globalized WorldApril 2005, Box 3.4
    Does Inflation Targeting Work in Emerging Markets?September 2005, Chapter 4
    A Closer Look at Inflation Targeting Alternatives: Money and Exchange Rate TargetsSeptember 2005, Box 4.2
    How Has Globalization Affected Inflation?April 2006, Chapter 3
    The Impact of Petrodollars on U.S. and Emerging Market Bond YieldsApril 2006, Box 2.3
    Globalization and Inflation in Emerging MarketsApril 2006, Box 3.1
    Globalization and Low Inflation in a Historical PerspectiveApril 2006, Box 3.2
    Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Import PricesApril 2006, Box 3.3
    Trends in the Financial Sector’s Profits and SavingsApril 2006, Box 4.2
    How Do Financial Systems Affect Economic Cycles?September 2006, Chapter 4
    Financial Leverage and Debt DeflationSeptember 2006, Box 4.2
    Financial Linkages and SpilloversApril 2007, Box 4.2
    Macroeconomic Conditions in Industrial Countries and Financial Flows to Emerging MarketsApril 2007, Box 4.2
    Macroeconomic Implications of Recent Market Turmoil: Patterns from Previous EpisodesOctober 2007, Box 1.2
    What Is Global Liquidity?October 2007, Box 1.4
    The Changing Housing Cycle and the Implications for Monetary PolicyApril 2008, Chapter 3
    Is There a Credit Crunch?April 2008, Box 1.1
    Assessing Vulnerabilities to Housing Market CorrectionsApril 2008, Box 3.1
    Financial Stress and Economic DownturnsOctober 2008, Chapter 4
    Policies to Resolve Financial System Stress and Restore Sound Financial IntermediationOctober 2008, Box 4.2
    The Latest Bout of Financial Distress: How Does It Change the Global Outlook?October 2008, Box 1.1
    How Vulnerable Are Nonfinancial Firms?April 2009, Box 1.2
    The Case of Vanishing Household WealthApril 2009, Box 2.1
    Impact of Foreign Bank Ownership during Home-Grown CrisesApril 2009, Box 4.2
    A Financial Stress Index for Emerging EconomiesApril 2009, Appendix 4.1
    Financial Stress in Emerging Economies: Econometric AnalysisApril 2009, Appendix 4.2
    How Linkages Fuel the FireApril 2009, Chapter 4
    Lessons for Monetary Policy from Asset Price FluctuationsOctober 2009, Chapter 3
    Were Financial Markets in Emerging Economies More Resilient than in Past Crises?October 2009, Box 1.2
    Risks from Real Estate MarketsOctober 2009, Box 1.4
    Financial Conditions IndicesApril 2011, Appendix 1.1
    House Price Busts in Advanced Economies: Repercussions for Global Financial MarketsApril 2011, Box 1.1
    International Spillovers and Macroeconomic PolicymakingApril 2011, Box 1.3
    Credit Boom-Bust Cycles: Their Triggers and Policy ImplicationsSeptember 2011, Box 1.2
    Are Equity Price Drops Harbingers of Recession?September 2011, Box 1.3
    Cross-Border Spillovers from Euro Area Bank DeleveragingApril 2012, Spillover Feature

    VII. Labor Markets, Poverty, and Inequality

    Unemployment and Labor Market Institutions: Why Reforms Pay OffApril 2003, Chapter 4
    Regional Disparities in UnemploymentApril 2003, Box 4.2
    Labor Market Reforms in the European UnionApril 2003, Box 4.2
    The Globalization of LaborApril 2007, Chapter 5
    Emigration and Trade: How Do They Affect Developing Countries?April 2007, Box 5.1
    Labor Market Reforms in the Euro Area and the Wage-Unemployment Trade-OffOctober 2007, Box 2.2
    Globalization and InequalityOctober 2007, Chapter 4
    The Dualism between Temporary and Permanent Contracts: Measures, Effects, and Policy IssuesApril 2010, Box 3.1
    Short-Time Work ProgramsApril 2010, Box 3.2
    Slow Recovery to Nowhere? A Sectoral View of Labor Markets in Advanced EconomiesSeptember 2011, Box 1.1
    The Labor Share in Europe and the United States during and after the Great RecessionApril 2012, Box 1.1

    VIII. Exchange Rate Issues

    Market Expectations of Exchange Rate MovementsSeptember 2002, Box 1.2
    Are Foreign Exchange Reserves in Asia Too High?September 2003, Chapter 2
    How Concerned Should Developing Countries Be about G-3 Exchange Rate Volatility?September 2003, Chapter 2
    Reserves and Short-Term DebtSeptember 2003, Box 2.3
    The Effects of a Falling DollarApril 2004, Box 1.1
    Learning to Float: The Experience of Emerging Market Countries since the Early 1990sSeptember 2004, Chapter 2
    How Did Chile, India, and Brazil Learn to Float?September 2004, Box 2.3
    Foreign Exchange Market Development and InterventionSeptember 2004, Box 2.4
    How Emerging Market Countries May Be Affected by External ShocksSeptember 2006, Box 1.3
    Exchange Rates and the Adjustment of External ImbalancesApril 2007, Chapter 3
    Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Trade Prices and External AdjustmentApril 2007, Box 3.3
    Depreciation of the U.S. Dollar: Causes and ConsequencesApril 2008, Box 1.2
    Lessons from the Crisis: On the Choice of Exchange Rate RegimeApril 2010, Box 1.1

    IX. External Payments, Trade, Capital Movements, and Foreign Debt

    Risks to the Multilateral Trading SystemApril 2004, Box 1.3
    Is the Doha Round Back on Track?September 2004, Box 1.3
    Regional Trade Agreements and Integration: The Experience with NAFTASeptember 2004, Box 1.4
    Trade and Financial Integration in Europe: Five Years after the Euro’s IntroductionSeptember 2004, Box 2.5
    Globalization and External ImbalancesApril 2005, Chapter 3
    The Ending of Global Textile Trade QuotasApril 2005, Box 1.3
    What Progress Has Been Made in Implementing Policies to Reduce Global Imbalances?April 2005, Box 1.4
    Measuring a Country’s Net External PositionApril 2005, Box 3.2
    Global Imbalances: A Saving and Investment PerspectiveSeptember 2005, Chapter 2
    Impact of Demographic Change on Saving, Investment, and Current Account BalancesSeptember 2005, Box 2.3
    How Will Global Imbalances Adjust?September 2005, Appendix 1.2
    Oil Prices and Global ImbalancesApril 2006, Chapter 2
    How Much Progress Has Been Made in Addressing Global Imbalances?April 2006, Box 1.4
    The Doha Round after the Hong Kong SAR MeetingsApril 2006, Box 1.5
    Capital Flows to Emerging Market Countries: A Long-Term PerspectiveSeptember 2006, Box 1.1
    How Will Global Imbalances Adjust?September 2006, Box 2.1
    External Sustainability and Financial IntegrationApril 2007, Box 3.1
    Large and Persistent Current Account ImbalancesApril 2007, Box 3.2
    Multilateral Consultation on Global ImbalancesOctober 2007, Box 1.3
    Managing the Macroeconomic Consequences of Large and Volatile Aid FlowsOctober 2007, Box 2.3
    Managing Large Capital InflowsOctober 2007, Chapter 3
    Can Capital Controls Work?October 2007, Box 3.1
    Multilateral Consultation on Global Imbalances: Progress ReportApril 2008, Box 1.3
    How Does the Globalization of Trade and Finance Affect Growth? Theory and EvidenceApril 2008, Box 5.1
    Divergence of Current Account Balances across Emerging EconomiesOctober 2008, Chapter 6
    Current Account Determinants for Oil-Exporting CountriesOctober 2008, Box 6.1
    Sovereign Wealth Funds: Implications for Global Financial MarketsOctober 2008, Box 6.2
    Global Imbalances and the Financial CrisisApril 2009, Box 1.4
    Trade Finance and Global Trade: New Evidence from Bank SurveysOctober 2009, Box 1.1
    From Deficit to Surplus: Recent Shifts in Global Current AccountsOctober 2009, Box 1.5
    Getting the Balance Right: Transitioning out of Sustained Current Account SurplusesApril 2010, Chapter 4
    Emerging Asia: Responding to Capital InflowsOctober 2010, Box 2.1
    Latin America-5: Riding Another Wave of Capital InflowsOctober 2010, Box 2.2
    Do Financial Crises Have Lasting Effects on Trade?October 2010, Chapter 4
    Unwinding External Imbalances in the European Union PeripheryApril 2011, Box 2.1
    International Capital Flows: Reliable or Fickle?April 2011, Chapter 4
    External Liabilities and Crisis Tipping PointsSeptember 2011, Box 1.5

    X. Regional Issues

    Promoting Stronger Institutions and Growth: The New Partnership for Africa’s DevelopmentApril 2003, Box 3.3
    How Can Economic Growth in the Middle East and North Africa Region Be Accelerated?September 2003, Chapter 2
    Gulf Cooperation Council: Challenges on the Road to a Monetary UnionSeptember 2003, Box 1.5
    Accounting for Growth in the Middle East and North AfricaSeptember 2003, Box 2.1
    Is Emerging Asia Becoming an Engine of World Growth?April 2004, Box 1.4
    What Works in AfricaApril 2004, Box 1.5
    Economic Integration and Structural Reforms: The European ExperienceApril 2004, Box 3.4
    What Are the Risks of Slower Growth in China?September 2004, Box 1.2
    Governance Challenges and Progress in Sub-Saharan AfricaSeptember 2004, Box 1.6
    The Indian Ocean Tsunami: Impact on South Asian EconomiesApril 2005, Box 1.1
    Workers’ Remittances and Emigration in the CaribbeanApril 2005, Box 2.1
    What Explains Divergent External Sector Performance in the Euro Area?September 2005, Box 1.3
    Pressures Mount for African Cotton ProducersSeptember 2005, Box 1.5
    Is Investment in Emerging Asia Too Low?September 2005, Box 2.4
    Developing Institutions to Reflect Local Conditions: The Example of Ownership Transformation in China versus Central and Eastern EuropeSeptember 2005, Box 3.1
    How Rapidly Are Oil Exporters Spending Their Revenue Gains?April 2006, Box 2.1
    EMU: 10 Years OnOctober 2008, Box 2.1
    Vulnerabilities in Emerging EconomiesApril 2009, Box 2.2
    East-West Linkages and Spillovers in EuropeApril 2012, Box 2.1

    XI. Country-Specific Analyses

    How Important Are Banking Weaknesses in Explaining Germany’s Stagnation?April 2003, Box 1.3
    Are Corporate Financial Conditions Related to the Severity of Recessions in the United States?April 2003, Box 2.2
    Rebuilding Post-Conflict IraqSeptember 2003, Box 1.4
    How Will the U.S. Budget Deficit Affect the Rest of the World?April 2004, Chapter 2
    China’s Emergence and Its Impact on the Global EconomyApril 2004, Chapter 2
    Can China Sustain Its Rapid Output Growth?April 2004, Box 2.3
    Quantifying the International Impact of China’s WTO AccessionApril 2004, Box 2.4
    Structural Reforms and Economic Growth: New Zealand’s ExperienceApril 2004, Box 3.1
    Structural Reforms in the United Kingdom during the 1980sApril 2004, Box 3.2
    The Netherlands: How the Interaction of Labor Market Reforms and Tax Cuts Led to Strong Employment GrowthApril 2004, Box 3.3
    Why Is the U.S. International Income Account Still in the Black, and Will This Last?September, 2005, Box 1.2
    Is India Becoming an Engine for Global Growth?September, 2005, Box 1.4
    Saving and Investment in ChinaSeptember, 2005, Box 2.1
    China’s GDP Revision: What Does It Mean for China and the Global Economy?April 2006, Box 1.6
    What Do Country Studies of the Impact of Globalization on Inequality Tell Us? Examples from Mexico, China, and IndiaOctober 2007, Box 4.2
    Japan after the Plaza AccordApril 2010, Box 4.2
    Taiwan Province of China in the Late 1980sApril 2010, Box 4.2
    Did the Plaza Accord Cause Japan’s Lost Decades?April 2011, Box 1.4
    Where Is China’s External Surplus Headed?April 2012, Box 1.3
    The U.S. Home Owners’ Loan CorporationApril 2012, Box 3.1
    Household Debt Restructuring in IcelandApril 2012, Box 3.2

    XII. Special Topics

    Climate Change and the Global EconomyApril 2008, Chapter 4
    Rising Car Ownership in Emerging Economies: Implications for Climate ChangeApril 2008, Box 4.2
    South Asia: Illustrative Impact of an Abrupt Climate ShockApril 2008, Box 4.2
    Macroeconomic Policies for Smoother Adjustment to Abrupt Climate ShocksApril 2008, Box 4.3
    Catastrophe Insurance and Bonds: New Instruments to Hedge Extreme Weather RisksApril 2008, Box 4.4
    Recent Emission-Reduction Policy InitiativesApril 2008, Box 4.5
    Complexities in Designing Domestic Mitigation PoliciesApril 2008, Box 4.6

    April 2012 World Economic Outlook (“Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain”)

    Corrections as of August 15, 2012

    • Page 2, Table 1.1: To correct a rounding error, data in the following cell was changed: “Difference from January 2012 WEO Projections for 2012 for China” was changed from 0.1 to 0.0.

    • Page 47, Chapter 1, References: The title of a forthcoming publication authored by Ashvin Ahuja, Rudolf Bems, Nigel Andrew Chalk, Malhar Nabar, Pap M’B. P. N’Diaye, and National John Porter was updated to “An End to China’s Imbalances.”

    • Figure 3.1: The data behind panels 1 and 2 were updated, but the change to the graphic is imperceptible.

    • Table 2.1 (page 53) and Table A.11 (page 209): The current account data for Sweden was revised to the following:

      Sweden: Balance on Current Account
      2008200920102011201220132017
      8.87.06.97.27.57.87.1

    • Table B.6. Advanced Economies: General and Central Government Net Lending/Borrowing and Excluding Social Security Schemes (Online only)

      • The historical fiscal data for Singapore were revised by IMF staff in August 2012 to address some technical issues that arose in the course of the IMF’s migration of the data, in January 2012, to the reporting format of the 2001 Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM 2001). The revised data are as follows:

        Singapore: General Government Net Lending/Borrowing
        2004200520062007200820092010
        6.07.97.112.06.5−0.77.3

    • WEO database (no change to published report): Greece gross debt data were corrected.

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