This is an excerpt from Frontier and Developing Asia: the Next Generation of Emerging Markets. Frontier and developing Asia, which includes countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Bangladesh, is located in the world's fastest-growing region and has favorable demographics. Despite their heterogeneity, the countries share a number of common macroeconomic, financial, and structural challenges. The book addresses issues related to economic growth and structural transformation, as well as the risk of a poverty trap and rising income inequality. The book also analyses a number of financial sector and monetary policy framework issues.