The Fund Agreement in the Courts, Vol. III
Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
Joseph Gold
Published Date:
December 1986
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      International Monetary Fund, Annual Report of the Executive Directors for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1947, Annual Report of the Executive Directors for the Fiscal Year Ended April 30, 1974—1976, and Annual Report of the Executive Board for the Financial Year Ended April 30, 1978—1983 (Washington).

      The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes,Volume 26: Activities, 1941–1946—Shaping the Post-War World Bretton Woods and Reparations, ed. by DonaldMoggridge, published for The Royal Economic Society by Macmillan Press Ltd. (London and New York, 1980).

      Ebenroth, Carsten-Thomas,Banking on the Act of State: International Lending and the Act of State Doctrine (Konstanz: Universitasverlag Konstanz GmbH, 1985).

      Gold, Joseph, Floating Currencies, Gold, and SDRs: Some Recent Legal Developments, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 19 (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1976).

      Gold, Joseph, Floating Currencies, SDRs, and Gold: Further Legal Developments, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 22 (Washington: International Monetary Fund1977).

      Gold, Joseph, SDRs, Gold, and Currencies: Third Survey of New Legal Developments, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 26 (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1979).

      Gold, Joseph, SDRs, Currencies, and Gold: Fourth Survey of New Legal Developments, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 33 (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1980).

      Gold, Joseph,SDRs, Currencies, and Gold: Fifth Survey of New Legal Developments, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 36 (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1981).

      Gold, Joseph,SDRs, Currencies, and Gold: Sixth Survey of New Legal Developments, IMF Pamphlet Series, No. 40 (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1983).

      Gold, Joseph, The Fund Agreement in the Courts (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1962).

      Gold, Joseph, The Fund Agreement in the Courts: Further Jurisprudence Involving the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund, Volume II (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1982).

      Gold, Joseph, Legal and Institutional Aspects of the International Monetary System, Selected Essays, Volume I (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1979).

      Gold, Joseph, Legal and Institutional Aspects of the International Monetary System, Selected Essays, Volume II (Washington: International Monetary Fund1984).

      Horsefield, J. Keith, and others, The International Monetary Fund 1945—1965: Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation, 3 vols. (Washington: International Monetary Fund, 1969).

      Iranian Assets Litigation Reporter (Edgemont, Pa.: Andrews Publications, 1984).

      Mann, F. A.,The Legal Aspect of Money, with special reference to Comparative Private and Public International Law,4th ed. (Oxford University Press, 1982).

      International Monetary Fund, Selected Decisions of the International Monetary Fund and Selected Documents,Eighth Issue,May10, 1976, andEleventh Issue, April30, 1985 (Washington).

    Indexes

    Index A. Provisions of Articles of Agreement Cited

    Page references followed by the letter n refer to footnotes on the relevant pages.

    Original Articles (effective December 27, 1945)

    ArticleSectionPage
    I538
    IV4(b)350n
    V3538
    V45
    VIII2302n, 659
    VIII3302n, 659
    VIII4302n, 659
    XIV2302n
    XIV3302n, 659
    XVI1338n
    XIX(a)777
    XIX(d)355n
    XIX(i)213n
    XIX(i)(1)201
    XIX(j)213n
    XX2(a)662
    XX4(c)302n
    XX4(d)302n

    First Amendment (effective July 28, 1969)

    ArticleSectionPage
    I(ii)593
    IV1676n
    IV2676n
    IV3348n, 371n, 674n
    IV4674n
    IV4(b)348n, 371n, 374n, 675n
    IV6694n
    VI3593
    VIII2(a)593
    VIII4(b)(iii)352n
    VIII5(a)(xi)360n
    XIV2794n
    XVIII343n
    XIX362n
    XIX(b)505
    XIX(d)375
    XIX(i)144n, 362n, 593, 604n
    XX2(g)664n, 675n
    XX4349n
    XX4(a)348n
    XX4(c)348n
    XX4(d)348n
    XX4(h)348n
    XX4(i)348n
    XXV3(a)360n
    ScheduleParagraphPage
    F360n
    H1(b)360n

    Second Amendment (effective April 1, 1978)

    ArticleSectionPage
    I364, 533, 539, 772
    I(ii)340n, 365
    I(iii)245n
    I(iv)73, 157, 245n, 305n, 340n, 399n, 481n, 566, 777n
    I(v)367, 640
    I(vi)367
    IV319, 349, 401n, 501, 678, 686
    IV1533, 539, 679, 685n, 692
    IV1(i)680
    IV1(iii)75, 685, 692
    IV1(iv)685
    IV2681
    IV2(a)638n, 679n, 683n
    IV2(b)18n, 133n, 143n, 639, 683
    IV2(c)679n, 683n, 684n
    IV3484n, 531, 681
    IV3(b)341, 602n, 679n, 683n, 691
    IV4373n, 677n, 684n
    IV4(b)370n
    V349, 533
    V1319, 401n, 686
    V2(b)499n
    V3533, 538
    V3(a)695n
    V3(b)(iii)696n
    V3(d)602n
    V4696n
    V5102n, 665, 692, 693n
    V12(e)143n
    VI102, 349, 398
    VI1100, 102n, 152, 201, 321, 665, 693n
    VI1(a)102, 692
    VI1(b)492
    VI1(b)(i)201
    VI2100n, 693n
    VI381, 83, 100, 102, 172, 292, 312, 314, 319, 320n, 339, 362, 372, 397, 402, 500, 538, 541, 546, 614n, 636n, 655, 658, 687, 700, 712, 779n, 782, 791n
    VIII2(b)10, 55, 115, 151, 155, 187, 207, 217, 257, 292, 329, 331, 337, 342n, 344, 360, 368, 372, 379n, 395, 438, 455, 475, 483, 506, 518, 522, 530,
    VII349, 481n, 773, 791n
    VII3417n
    VII3(a)542
    VII3(b)70, 100n, 156, 293, 303, 394n, 398, 398n, 481n, 535, 539, 636n, 668, 686n
    VIII303, 349, 351, 494, 636n, 640, 659, 678, 781
    VIII1294, 303, 305, 636n, 679, 689, 760
    VIII2302, 302n, 312, 320, 320n, 322n, 361, 363n, 369, 397, 402, 482, 500, 531, 536n, 541, 544, 636n, 637n, 656n, 689, 698, 759, 766, 779n, 788, 793
    VIII2(a)70, 75, 88, 150, 156, 171, 172, 175, 199, 203, 252, 303, 312, 321, 322n, 328, 330, 339, 343n, 352, 361, 365, 377, 394, 396, 401, 401n, 444, 481, 481n, 485, 485n, 487n, 493, 497, 498n, 519, 524, 535, 539n, 544, 564, 603, 614, 635, 643, 655, 658, 668, 689, 711, 757, 760, 769, 772, 779n, 782, 791n, 794n, 798
    533, 541n, 543, 555, 566, 623, 635, 640n, 642, 643n, 648, 653, 661, 664n, 668, 698, 712, 737, 745, 747, 757
    VIII386, 151, 158, 171, 175, 302, 302n, 312, 319, 320, 322n, 352, 363n, 401, 401n, 402, 416, 536n, 541, 544, 548, 637n, 656n, 658, 670, 686, 689, 698, 747, 759, 766, 772n, 788, 793, 794n
    VIII3(b)668
    VIII4199, 200n, 302, 302n, 312, 320, 322n, 352, 363n, 372, 402, 482n, 536n, 544, 637n, 676n, 689, 698, 759, 766, 788, 793
    VIII4(a)(i)604n
    VIII4(b)372, 530, 539n, 541
    VIII4(b)(i)322n, 531
    VIII4(b)(ii)322, 322n, 794n
    VIII4(b)(iii)530
    VIII5482n, 634
    VIII5(a)634n
    VIII5(a)(xi)343n, 360n, 534, 642n
    VIII5(c)634n
    XI69n, 349, 417n, 566
    XI2361, 565, 777n
    XII3(a)650n
    XII3(j)330
    XII5(c)684n
    XII7638
    XII7(b)638
    XIV302, 303, 340, 345n, 349, 362, 416, 494, 543, 614n, 634, 708, 737, 760, 773, 782, 791n
    XIV1302n, 341n, 660, 689
    XIV270, 75, 100, 156, 293, 293n, 294n, 302n, 303, 312, 319, 321, 322n, 330, 340n, 343n, 344n, 347, 394, 394n, 396, 398, 401n, 402, 484, 493, 536, 541, 545, 634, 636n, 643n, 655, 668, 686, 686n, 689, 698, 700, 766, 772n, 788, 794
    XIV375n, 319, 341n, 344n, 401n, 536, 541, 550, 634n, 636, 637, 686, 766, 794
    XIV475n
    XV37n
    XV234n
    XVIII1(a)37n
    XIX2320n
    XIX4320n, 482n
    XIX1(d)314
    XXVI275n
    XXVI2(a)75, 102, 344n, 345n, 536n, 637, 665, 692, 767
    XXVI2(b)341n
    XXVII1(a)338n
    XXIX175, 343n, 703, 711
    XXIX(a)231, 330
    XXX362n, 603
    XXX(b)697n
    XXX(d)103n, 144n, 148n, 149, 200, 313, 314n, 329, 339n, 362n, 397, 492, 497, 498n, 604n, 626, 645, 651n, 652
    XXX(d)(1)159, 201, 314, 328, 795
    XXX(d)(2)157n, 201, 317n
    XXX(d)(3)201, 317n
    XXX(h)355n
    XXX(i)355n
    ArticleSectionPage
    XXXI2243n
    XXXI2(g)664n
    ScheduleParagraphPage
    C373n, 374, 401n, 677n, 686
    C126n, 143n
    C3143n, 683n
    C5348n, 684n
    C7143n
    C8348n, 684n
    C9683n
    K2143n

    Index B. Resolution of Board of Governors and Decisions of Executive Board Cited

    (Issues cited are of the Fund’s publication Selected Decisions of the International Monetary Fund and Selected Documents)

    Page references followed by the letter n refer to footnotes on relevant pages.

    DateResolution
    Number
    Page
    October 2, 197429-10602n (Eleventh Issue)

    Eighth Issue

    Decision
    DateNumberPage
    April 14, 1948298-3505n
    September 28, 195175-(705)20n
    June 13, 19744232-(74/67)728n

    Tenth Issue

    Decision
    DateNumberPage
    June 13, 19744241-(74/67)602n

    Eleventh Issue

    January 6, 1947117-1340n, 660n
    December 18, 1947237-2402n, 660n
    March 17, 1948287-3538n
    June 10, 1949446-464n, 66n, 76n, 81n, 89n, 92n, 226n, 331n, 343n, 441n, 545n, 555n, 560n, 648n, 662n, 667n, 704n, 760n
    Decision
    DateNumberPage
    August 14, 1952144-(52/51)486n, 487, 644n, 660n, 688n
    May 4, 1953201-(53/29)353n, 417n, 660n
    June 22, 1955433-(55/42)417n, 660n
    July 25, 1956541-(56/39)319n, 541n, 688n
    June 26, 1957649-(57/33)659, 660n
    October 23, 1959955-(59/45)417n, 660n
    June 1, 19601034-(60/27)241n, 321n, 342n, 397n, 482n, 500n, 644n, 658, 659, 660n
    September 15, 19692836-(69/87)696n
    October 26, 19703153-(70/95)343n, 396n, 437n, 439, 493, 660n
    January 23, 19744134-(74/4)602n, 660n
    June 26, 19744254-(74/75)602n, 660n
    September 13, 19744377-(74/114)158n
    April 8, 19775371-(77/51)696n
    April 29, 19775392-(77/63)339n, 341n, 484n, 540n, 691n, 692n
    December 5, 19775591-(77/163)696n
    January 22, 19796025-(79/13)691n
    August 3, 19796230-(79/140)696n
    March 20, 19816790-(81/43)417n, 658, 659n, 660n, 686n, 687n
    April 22, 19816830-(81/65)696n
    April 22, 19816831-(81/65)696n
    April 29, 19816838-(81/70)341n, 602n, 615n, 640n
    February 22, 19827059-(82/23)696n
    April 24, 19847677-(84/64)259n, 270n

    Index C. Table of Cases Cited

    Australia

    • Re Jacob Morris (deceased) [1943] N.S.W.S.R. 355

    • Watson v. Lee [1979] 54 ALJR 1

    Austria

    • Graz Provincial Court for Civil Law Cases Graz Higher Provincial Court, April 30, 1953 SZ, XXVI, No. 117, 3 Ob 682/52, pp. 320–28

    • Kislinger v. Austrian Airtransport No. 1 R 145/83, Commercial Court of Vienna

    • Rendezvous-Boutique-Parfumerie Friedrich und Albine Breitinger Gmbh v. Austrian Airlines Linz District Court as the Court of Appeals (June 17, 1983)

    • Supreme Court of Appeal, July 2, 1958 Juristische Blätter, February 7, 1959, pp. 73–74

    • Supreme Court of Appeal OGH, February 25, 1959, 6 OB 339.58, Zeitschrift für Rechtsvergleichung 7 Jg., H. 3/4, 1966, p. 242

    • Supreme Court of Appeal OLG Vienna, 6 Ob 204/59, Handelsgericht Zeitschrift für Rechtsvergleichung, 1961, pp. 18–34

    • Supreme Court of Appeal OGH, July 3, 1974, 5 OB 114/74, JBI 1975

    • Supreme Court of Appeal OGH, March 30, 1976, 3 OB 519/76 (LGZ Wien 1 Cg 265/71;

      • OLG Wien 10 R 206/75), (18 Zeitschrift für Rechtsvergleichung, 1977, pp. 230–36)

    • Supreme Court of Appeal OGH, April 6, 1976, 5 OB 534/76 Juristische Blätter, 1977, pp. 36–37

    • Supreme Court of Appeal OGH February 16, 1977, 8 OB 556/76 (OLG Vienna 10 R 66/76);

      • LGZ Vienna 1 Cg 19/74;

      • OJZ, 1977, No. 244, pp. 580–82

    England

    • American Express International Banking Corporation v. Irvani Noted in European Law Letter (August 1980), pp. 7–8

    • Batra v. Ebrahim (see Sing Batra v. Ebrahim, infra)

    • Birmingham City Corp. v. West Midland Baptist (Trust) Association (Inc.) [1969] 3 All E.R. 172;

      • [1970] A.C. 874

    • Boissevain v. Weil [1950] A.C. 341

    • Buttes Gas and Oil Co. and Another v. Hammer and Another [1982] A.C. 888

    • Cebora S.N.C. v. S.I.P. (Industrial Products) Ltd. [1976] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 271 (C.A.)

    • Choice Investments Ltd. v. Jeromnimon (Midland Bank Ltd., garnishee) [1981] 1 All E.R. 225

    • Czarnikow (C.) Ltd. v. Centrala Handlu Zagranicznego Rolimpex [1977] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 201;

      • [1978] 3 W.L.R. 274;

      • [1978] Q.B. 176, C.A.;

      • [1979] A.C. 351

    • Dallal v. Bank Mellat [1986] 1 All E.R. 239;

      • [1986] 2 W.L.R. 745

    • Data Card Corporation et al. v. Air Express International Corporation et al. [1983] 2 All E.R. 639 (QBD)

    • The Despina R. [1979] A.C. 685

    • Empresa Exportadora de Azucar v. Industria Azucarera Nacional S.A. (The “Playa Larga” and “Marble Islands”) [1983] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 171

    • The Folias [1979] A.C. 685

    • Fothergill v. Monarch Airlines Ltd. [1980] 2 All E.R. 696

    • Frankfurther v. Exner (W.L.), Ltd. [1947] Ch. 629;

      • [1948] L.J.R. 553;

      • 177 L.T. 257;

      • 91 S.J. 532

    • In re Helbert Wegg and Co. Ltd. [1956] 1 All E.R. 129

    • The I. Congreso del Partido [1981] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 367;

      • [1981] 3 W.L.R. 328

    • Ironmonger and Co. v. Dyne [1928] 44 T.L.R. 497 (C.A.)

    • Israel Discount Bank of New York v. Hadjipateras and another [1983] 3 All E.R. 129 (C.A.)

    • James Buchanan and Co., Ltd. v. Babco Forwarding and Shipping (UK) Ltd. [1977] 3 All E.R. 1048, 1052;

      • [1978] A.C. 141, 152

    • Janson v. Driefontein Consolidated Mines [1902] A.C. 484

    • Jugoslavenska Oceanska Plovidba v. Castle Investment Co. Inc. [1973] 3 All E.R. 498, 504

    • Kahler v. Midland Bank Ltd. [1949] 2 All E.R. 621;

      • [1950] A.C. 24

    • Lively Ltd. v. City of Munich [1976] 3 All E.R. 851

    • Re Lord Cable (deceased) [1976] 3 All E.R. 417

    • Mansouri v. Singh The Times (London), July 21, 1984, p. 10;

      • New Law Journal, Vol. 134 (1984), p. 991

    • Miliangos v. George Frank (Textiles) Ltd. [1971] A.C. 509;

      • [1975] 3 All E.R. 801

    • Naylor, Benzon and Company, Ltd. v. Krainische Industrie Gesellschaft [1918] 1 K.B. 342

    • Ozalid Group (Export) Ltd. v. African Continental Bank Ltd. [1979] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 231

    • Peter Cassidy Seed Co. Ltd. v. Osuustukkukauppa [1957] 1 W.L.R. 273

    • Playa Larga [Owners of Cargo Lately Laden on Board] v. I. Congreso del Partido (Owners) [1983] A.C. 244

    • President of India v. La Pintada Compania Navegacion SA [1984] 2 All E.R. 773;

      • [1984] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 305;

      • [1984] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 9;

      • [1985] A.C. 104

    • President of India v. Taygetos Shipping Co. S.A. (The “Agenor”) [1985] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 155

    • Ralli Brothers v. Companhia Naviera Sota y Aznar [1920] 2 K.B. 287

    • Regazzoni v. K.C. Sethia (1944) Ltd. [1957] 3 All E.R. 286

    • Richardson v. Mellish [1824] 2 Bing. 252

    • S.A. Ancienne Maison Marcel Bauche v. Woodhouse Drake & Carey (Sugar), E.F. Hutton & Company (London) Limited and Another [1983] E.C.C. 405 (Q.B.D., Commercial Court)

    • Schorsch Meier GmbH. v. Hennin [1975] 1 All E.R. 152, 155

    • Settebello Ltd. v. Banco Totta and Acores [1985] 1 W.L.R. 1025;

      • (Q.B.D. (Commercial Court), July 24, 1984)

    • Sharif v. Azad [1966] 3 W.L.R. 1285;

      • [1966] 3 All E.R. 785;

      • [1967] 1 Q.B. 605 (C.A.)

    • Sing Batra v. Ebrahim Court of Appeal (Civil Division) Transcript No. 197B of 1977, C.A.;

      • The Times (London), May 3, 1977, p. 11;

      • Halsbury’s Laws of England: Annual Abridgment, 1977 (London, 1978), 453, paragraph 1906;

      • [1982] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 111

    • Toprak Mahsulleri Ofisi v. Finagrain Compagnie Commerciale Agricole et Financière S.A. [1979] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 98

    • United City Merchants (Investments) Ltd. et al. v. Royal Bank of Canada et al. [1979] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 498;

      • [1981] 3 W.L.R. 242;

      • 3 All E.R. 142;

      • [1982] Q.B. 208;

      • [1982] 2 W.L.R. 1039;

      • [1982] 2 All E.R. 720

    • In re United Railways of the Havana and Regla Warehouses Ltd. [1960] 2 All E.R. 332;

      • [1961] A.C. 1007

    • Wilson, Smithett & Cope Ltd. v. Terruzzi [1975] 2 All E.R. 649;

      • [1976] 1 All E.R. 817;

      • [1976] 1 Q.B. 683;

      • [1976] 1 Q.B. 703 (C.A.)

    • Zivnostenska Banka National Corporation v. Frankman [1950] A.C. 57

    France

    • Banque Nationale de Paris Intercontinentale (BNPI) v. Elkaim Enterprises et al. Bulletin Civil, I, No. 128, p. 110

    • Banque van Lanschot v. Soc. Sapvin Tribunal de Commerce de Marseille, June 14, 1979

    • Brosgol v. Société civile immobilière les Mas de Saint-Pierre La Semaine Juridique, Vol. 58 (1984), II. Jurisprudence, No. 20159

    • Constant v. Lanata Revue critique de droit international privé Vol. 59, No. 3 (1970), 464

    • Daiei Motion Picture Co. Ltd. v. Zavicha La Semaine Juridique, No. 21, May 26, 1971, II. Jurisprudence, 16751;

      • Judgment of March 16, 1974 of Paris Court of Appeal, Fourth Chamber/B and Judgment of May 19, 1976 of Court of Cassation, First Civil Chamber

    • Dame Ba Ta Thu Van v. Banque X Recueil Dalloz Sirey, 1985, pp. 346–47

    • Dame Bang Thi To Tam et autres v. Banque Y Recueil Dalloz Sirey, 1985, pp. 346–47

    • Moojen v. Von Reichert Journal du Droit International, Vol. 85 (1958), 1050;

      • Revue critique de droit international privé, Vol. 51 (1962), 67

    • Pakistan International Airlines v. Compagnie Air Inter S.A. et al. Droit maritime français, Vol. 32 (1980), 285

    • S.A. Credit Lyonnais v. J. Brehm and M. Brehm La Semaine Juridique, Vol. 56 (1982), Jurisprudence No. 19856

    • Saint Paul Fire and Marine Insurance Co. v. S.E.A. Journal du Droit International, (1983), pp. 194–95

    • Slough v. Enterpr. Desrat et Cie Recueil Dalloz Sirey, 1980, p. 217;

      • IX. Réglementation des changes

    • Société AMI v. Société Centrest Journal du Droit International, (1983), pp. 111–32, 610–12

    • Société civile immobilière ‘Les Jardins de Grimaud’ and another v. Société d’Etudes Juridique Fiscales et Financières La Semaine Juridique, Vol. 57, No. 39, 1983, Case 20045

    • Société Egyptair v. Chamie Droit maritime français, Vol. 32 (1980), 285;

      • Revue critique de droit international privé, Vol. 73 (1984), 310

    • Soc. James Scott Engineering Group Ltd. Unpublished. See Recueil Dalloz Sirey, 1984 Jurisprudence, p. 208, footnote 29

    • Socété Sacor Agro Industrial v. Société Anonyme Comptoir Commercial d’Orient Journal du Droit International, 1983, 383–88

    • Soc. Socofa v. Epoux Bessis Recueil Dalloz Sirey, 1984, Sommaires Commentés, 268

    Germany, Federal Republic of

    • E. (defendant) v. A.S.D. (plaintiff) II ZR 305/55, BGHZ 22, 24

    • Federal Supreme Court, Judgment of April 9, 1962 Wertpapier-Mitteilungen, No. 21 (May 26, 1962), 601

    • Federal Supreme Court, Judgment of March 11, 1970 BGH Urt. v. 11.3.1970–VIII ZR 147/68 (Düsseldorf), Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, Vol. 23 (May 27, 1970), 1002

    • Federal Supreme Court, Judgment of April 27, 1970 BGH Urt. v. 27.4.1970–II ZR 12/69 (Oldenburg), Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, Vol. 23 (August 20, 1970), 1507

    • Federal Supreme Court, Judgment of June 24, 1970 VIII–ZR 258/69, Aussenwirtschaftsdienst des Betriebs-Beraters, August 1970/Heft 8, 371

    • Federal Supreme Court, Judgment of February 17, 1971 BGH Urt. v. 17.2.1971–VIII ZR 84/69 (Frankfurt), Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, Vol. 24 (June 1, 1971), 983;

      • Wertpapier-Mitteilungen, No. 14 (April 3, 1971), 411

    • Federal Supreme Court, Judgment of December 21, 1976 III-ZR 83/74, WM: Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts-und Bankrecht, Jahrg. 31, No. 12 (March 19, 1977), pp. 332–34

    • Federal Supreme Court, Judgment of March 8, 1979 VII-ZR 48/78 (Cologne)

    • Kammergericht, Berlin, July 11, 1961 KG Berlin, 5 W 2293/60, Internationales Privatrecht: Rechtsprechung, 1966 and 1967, No. 190

    • Kammergericht, Berlin, July 8, 1974 KG Berlin, 16 U 1660/73, Internationales Privatrecht: Rechtsprechung 1974, No. 138

    • Landesgericht, Hamburg, July 7, 1964 LG Hamburg, 62 O 235/64, Internationales Privatrecht: Rechtsprechung, 1966 and 1967, No. 192

    • Landesgericht, Hamburg, February 24, 1978 LG Hamburg, 66 O 185/76, Internationales Privatrecht: Rechtsprechung 1978, No. 126

    • Lessinger v. Mirau Jahrbuch für Internationales Recht, Vol. 5, Part I (1955), 113

    • Matter of the Khendrik Kuivas Hamburg District Court, Div. 64, Ref. No. 64, SRV 6/76

    • Oberlandesgericht, Bamberg, July 5, 1978 OLG, Bamberg, 3 U 109/77, Internationales Privatrecht: Rechtsprechung, 1978, No. 127, 309

    • Oberlandesgericht, Düsseldorf, February 16, 1983 OLG, Düsseldorf, 17 U 53/82, Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht, ZIP 10/83, 1188

    • Transarctic Shipping Corporation, Inc. Monrovia Liberia v. Krögerwerft (Kröger Shipyard) Company European Transport Law, Vol. 9 (1974), 701

    Hong Kong

    • White v. Roberts 33 Hong Kong Law Reports (1949), 231

    Italy

    • Borletti Brothers, Inc. v. Dolphin Shipping Agency Foro Italiano (Bologna), Part I—134 (1982), 2074

    • Linee Aeree Italiane v. Riccioli Civil Court of Rome, Judgment 69/197, November 14, 1978

    • Malanca Motori spa v. Société des Etablissements B Savoye sa Court of Appeal of Bologna, April 19, 1983 Giur. Comm., 1984, II, 76

    • Wilson, Smithett & Cope Ltd. v. Terruzzi Giurisprudenza Italiana, Rivista di diritto internationale privato e processuale (1981), 107

    Japan

    • The Bank of Okinawa v. Tokai Electric Construction K.K. (Supreme Court, 3rd P.B., July 15, 1975), Law in Japan, Vol. 9 (1976), 158

    • Shriro Trading Corporation v. K.K. Greenhill-Katö Shökai 13 Kosai Minshu 696 (Tokyo High Ct., October 29, 1960)

    • Tomita v. Inoue Saiko Saibansho Hanrei-Shu (Supreme Court Reporter) Vol. 19, Pt. 2 (1965), 2306

    Luxembourg

    • Société ‘Filature et Tissage X. Jourdain’ v. Epoux Heynen-Bintner Pasicrisie Luxembourgeoise (1957), pp. 36–39

    Mexico

    • Crespo v. Banca Cremi Fourth District Court of Administrative Affairs in the Federal District of Mexico, Court Docket 320/82 (October 20, 1982)

    Netherlands

    • Frantzmann v. Ponijen Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, 1960, No. 290

    • Frigoscandia Transport B.V. v. Sea Products International Schip en Schade, 1983, No. 30, 78

    • Giants Shipping Corporation v. State of the Netherlands (“The Blue Hawk”) Rechtspraak van de Week, May 30, 1980, 321

    • Hornlinie v. Société Nationale des Pétroles d’Aquitaine Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, 1972, No. 269, 728

    • Kharagjtsingh v. Sewrajsingh Revue critique de droit international privé, Vol. 69 (1980), 68

    • Lembagu Alat-Alat Pembarajan Luar Negeri and the Republic of Indonesia v. Brummer, Bekker, and Winkelman and Co. Nederlandse Jurisprudentie, 1960, No. 149

    South Africa

    • S. v. Temple 1978(3) SA 185(W)

    • Standard Bank of South Africa Ltd. and another v. Ocean Commodities Inc. and others 1978(2) SA 367(W);

      • 1980(2) SA 175(T);

      • (1983)(1) 276(A)

    Spain

    • Costell v. Iberia, Linea Aereas de España, S.A. Court of Appeal of Valencia

    United States

    • In re Air Crash Disaster at Warsaw, Poland on March 14, 1980 535 F. Supp. 833 (1982)

    • Alfred Dunhill of London, Inc. v. Republic of Cuba 425 U.S. 695 (1976)

    • Allied Bank International et al. v. Banco Credito Agricola de Cartago, Banco Anglo Costarricense and Banco Nacional de Costa Rica 566 F. Supp. 1440 S.D.N.Y. (1983);

      • 733 F. 2d 23 (1984) (withdrawn from bound volume because rehearing was granted);

      • 757 F. 2d 516 (1985)

    • American International Group Inc. et al. v. Islamic Republic of Iran et al. 493 F. Supp. 522 (1980)

    • Anderson v. Abbott 321 U.S. 349, 88 L. Ed. 793, 64 S. Ct. 531, 151 ALR 1146 (1944)

    • Arango v. Guzman Travel Advisors Corporation 621 F. 2d 1371, 1380 (1980)

    • Banco do Brasil, S.A. v. A. C. Israel Commodity Co., Inc. 216 N.Y.S. 2d 669 (1961);

      • 12 N.Y. 2d 371, 190 N.E. 2d 235, 239 N.Y.S. 2d 872 (1963);

      • cert. denied 376 U.S. 906, 84 S. Ct. 657 (1964)

    • Banco Frances e Brasileiro S.A. v. Doe 36 N.Y. 2d 592, 331 N.E. 2d 502, 370 N.Y.S. 2d 534 (1975);

      • cert. denied 423 U.S. 2d 867 (1975)

    • Banco Nacional de Cuba v. Chemical Bank 658 F. 2d 903 (1981)

    • Banco Nacional de Cuba v. Sabbatino 376 U.S. 398 (1964)

    • Blanco v. Pan American Life Insurance Co. 311 F. 2d 424 (1962);

      • 221 F. Supp. 219 (1963);

      • 362 F. Supp. 167 (1967)

    • Boehringer-Mannheim Diagnostics, Inc., f/k/a Hycel, Inc. v. Pan American World Airways, Inc. 531 F. Supp. 344 (1981)

    • Braka et al. v. Bancomer, S.A. No. 83 Civ. 1727 (ADS), 762 F. 2d 222;

      • 589 F. Supp. 1465 (1984);

      • 53 LW 2603 (June 11, 1985)

    • Braka et al. v. Multibanco Comermex 589 F. Supp. 802 (1984)

    • Callejo v. Bancomer, S.A., et al. 764 F. 2d 1101 (1985)

    • Canada Southern Railway Co. v. Gebhard 109 U.S. 527 (1883)

    • Competex S.A. (in Liquidation) v. Ronald LaBow 783 F. 2d 333 (1986)

    • Confederation Life Association v. Ugalde 164 So. 2d 2 (1964)

    • Credit Français International S.A. v. Sociedad Financiera de Comercio C.A. New York Law Journal, May 22, 1985, p. 6

    • Deere and Co. v. Deutsche Lufthansa Aktiengesellschaft No. 81C 4726 (N.D. Ill., December 30, 1982), 18 Av. Cas. 17, 178

    • De Letelier v. Republic of Chile 748 F. 2d 790 (1984)

    • Denny v. Barber 576 F. 2d 465, 470 (1978)

    • DeSanchez v. Banco Central de Nicaragua 515 F. Supp. 900 (1981)

    • de Sayve v. de la Valdene 124 N.Y.S. 2d 143 (1953)

    • Deutsche Bank Filiale Nurnberg v. Humphrey 272 U.S. 517, 47 S. Ct. 166, 71 L Ed 383 (1926)

    • Dougherty v. Equitable Life Assur. Soc’y. 266 N.Y. 71, 193 N.E. 897 (1934);

      • reh. denied, 266 N.Y. 615, 195 N.E. 226 (1935)

    • Drexel Burnham Lambert Group Inc. v. A.W. Galadari and A.W. Galadari Commodities 610 F. Supp. 114 (1985)

    • Electronic Memories and Magnetics Corp. v. The Flying Tiger Line, Inc. et al. Superior Court of California, City and County of San Francisco, August 25, 1982

    • Energetic Worsted Corporation v. The United States Customs Appeal No. 5160, April 7, 1966

    • Ethiopian Spice Extraction Company v. Kalamazoo Spice Extraction Company v. The Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia 543 F. Supp. 1224 (1982);

      • 729 F. 2d 422 (1984)

    • First National City Bank v. Banco Para El Comercio Exterior de Cuba 77 L Ed 2d 46 (1983)

    • Fonseca v. Blumenthal 620 F. 2d 322 (1980)

    • Fonseca v. Regan 98 F.R.D. 694 (1983);

      • 734 F. 2d 944 (1984)

    • Frankel v. Banco Nacional de Mexico, S.A. No. 82 Civ. 6457 (S.D.N.Y., May 31, 1983)

    • French v. Banco Nacional de Cuba 23 N.Y. 2d 46, 295 N.Y.S. 2d 433 (1968);

      • 242 N.E. 2d 704 (1968)

    • Ganem v. Ganem 269 So. 2d 740

    • Garcia v. Chase Manhattan Bank 735 F. 2d 645 (1984)

    • In re Good Hope Chemical Corporation 747 F. 2d 806 (1984)

    • Hicks v. Guinness 269 U.S. 71, 46 S. Ct. 46, 70 L Ed 168 (1925)

    • Hilton v. Guyot 159 U.S. 113, 16 S. Ct. 139, 40 L Ed 95 (1895)

    • Hughes Tool Co. v. United Artists Corp. 279 A.D. 417, 110 N.Y.S. 2d 383 (First Dept., 1952);

      • aff’d. mem. 304 N.Y. 942, 110 N.E. 884 (1953)

    • Huntington v. Attrill 146 U.S. 683 (1892)

    • International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers v. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries 649 F. 2d 1354 (1981)

    • Kleve v. Basler Lebens-Versicherungs-Gesellschaft 182 Misc. 776, 45 N.Y.S. 2d 882 (1943)

    • Kolovrat v. Oregon 81 S. Ct. 922, 366 U.S. 187 (1961)

    • Kraus v. Zivnostenska Banka 187 Misc. 681, 64 N.Y.S. 2d 209 (1946)

    • Libra Bank Limited, Libra International Bank, S.A., Banco de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Banco Espirito Santo e Comercial de Lisboa, Banco de Vizcaya S.A., Banque Internationale à Luxembourg, S.A., Banque Rothschild, and the National Bank of Washington v. Banco Nacional de Costa Rica S.A. 570 F. Supp. 870 (1983)

    • Maschinenfabrik Kern, A.G. v. Northwest Airlines, Inc. 562 F. Supp. 232 (1983)

    • Mayer v. Hungarian Commercial Bank 21 F. Supp. 144 (1937)

    • Naamloze Venootschap Suiker-Fabriek “Wono-Aseh” v. Chase National Bank of the City of New York et al. 111 F. Supp. 833, 845 (1953)

    • Nielsen v. Secretary of Treasury 424 F. 2d 833 (1970)

    • Offshore Express, Inc. v. Multibanco Comermex S.A. New York Law Journal, July 7, 1983, p. 6

    • Pan American Life Insurance Co. v. Blanco 311 F. 2d 424 (1952)

    • Perutz v. Bohemian Discount Bank (in Liquidation) 304 N.Y. 533, 110 N.E. 2d 6 (1953)

    • Republic of Iraq v. First National City Bank 353 F. 2d 47 (1965)

    • John Sanderson and Co. (Wool) Pty. Ltd. v. Ludlow Jute Co. Ltd. 568 F. 2d 696 (1978)

    • Sodivin v. Peartree Imports 83 Civ. 6478 (1984), (S.D.N.Y., April 5, 1984)

    • Southwestern Shipping Corporation v. National City Bank of New York 173 N.Y.S. 2d 509, 178 N.Y.S. 2d 1019 (1958);

      • 190 N.Y.S. 2d 352, 80 S. Ct. 198, 361 U.S. 895 (1959)

    • Sutton v. Garcia 80 Misc. 2d 690, 363 N.Y.S. 2d 695 (1974)

    • Tabacalera Severiano Jorge v. Standard Cigar Co. 392 F. 2d 706 (1968)

    • Theye y Ajuria v. Pan American Life Insurance Co. 154 So. 2d (1963);

      • 161 So. 2d 70 (1964);

      • 377 U.S. 997 S. Ct. 62 (1965)

    • Trans World Airlines, Inc. v. Franklin Mint Corp. et al. 525 F. Supp. 1288 (1981);

      • 80 L. Ed. 2d 273, 690 F. 2d 303 (1982);

      • 737 F. 2d 456 (1984)

    • Underhill v. Hernandez 168 U.S. 250, 252 (1897)

    • United Bank Ltd. v. Cosmic International Inc. 542 F. 2d 868, 874 (1976)

    • United States v. Belmont 301 U.S. 324, 332–33 (1937), 57 S.C. 758, 761–62, 81 L Ed 1134 (1937)

    • Vishipco Line et al. v. Chase Manhattan Bank N.A. 660 F. 2d 854 (1981);

      • 754 F. 2d 452 (1985)

    • Waterside Ocean Navigation Co., Inc. v. International Navigation Ltd. 737 F. 2d 150 (1984)

    • Weston Banking Corporation v. Turkiye Garanti Bankasi A.S. 446 N.Y. 2d 67, 69, 57 N.Y. 2d 315, 456 N.Y.S. 2d 684 (1982)

    • J. Zeevi and Sons, Ltd., et al. v. Grindlays Bank (Uganda) Ltd. 37 N.Y. 2d 220, 333 N.E. 2d 168, 371 N.Y.S. 2d 892, 423 U.S. 866 (1975);

      • 96 S. Ct. 126

    European Communities, Court of Justice of

    • Adam v. Commission Case 828/79 [1982] E.C.R. 269

    • Adam v. Commission Case 1205/79 [1982] E.C.R. 2431

    • Airola v. Commission [1981] E.C.R. 2717

    • Battaglia v. Commission Case 1253/79 [1982] E.C.R. 297

    • Battaglia and Bevilacqua v. Commission Joined Cases 5 and 18/80 [1982] E.C.R. 2449

    • Buyl v. Commission Case 817/79 [1982] E.C.R. 245

    • Cooperatieve vereniging “Suiker Unie” UA and others v. Commission of the European Communities Joined Cases 40 to 48, 50, 54 to 56, 111, 113, and 114/73 [1975] E.C.R. 1663, 2026

    • Criminal Proceedings Against Guerrino Casati Case 230/80 [1981] E.C.R. 2595;

      • [1982] 1 C.M.L.R. 365

    • Curtis v. European Parliament Case 167/80 [1982] E.C.R. 931

    • DePascale v. Commission Case 164/80 [1982] E.C.R. 909

    • Flamm v. Commission Case 567/79A [1982] E.C.R. 2371

    • Graziana Luisi v. Ministero del Tesoro and Guiseppe Carbone v. Ministero del Tesoro Joined Cases 286/82 and 26/83, January 31, 1984

    • Grogan v. Commission Case 127/80 [1982] E.C.R. 869

    • Knoeppel v. Commission Case 618/79A [1982] E.C.R. 2407

    • Kommanditgesellschaft in Firma Gebruder Glunz v. Hauptzollamt Hamburg-Waltershof Case 248/80 [1982] E.C.R. 197

    • Regina v. Ernest George Thompson et al. Case 7/78 [1979] 1 C.M.L.R. 47

    • Société anonyme générale Sucrière and others v. Commission of the European Communities and Others Joined Cases 41, 43, and 44/73 [1977[ E.C.R. 445

    International Court of Justice

    • Case Concerning the Application of the Convention of 1902 Concerning the Guardianship of Infants (Netherlands v. Sweden) [1958] I.C.J. Reports 94

    • Case Concerning Rights of Nationals of the United States of America in Morocco (France v. United States) [1952] I.C.J. Reports 176

    Iran-United States Claims Tribunal

    • DIC of Delaware, Inc., Underhill of Delaware, Inc. v. Tehran Redevelopment Corporation, The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran Case No. 255, Chamber 3, Award No. 176–255–3, April 26, 1985

    • Harza Engineering Company and The Islamic Republic of Iran Award No. 19–98–2;

      • IAL Reporter, p. 8772

    • Hood Corporation v. The Islamic Republic of Iran, Bank Markazi Iran and Bank Mellat Case No. 100, Chamber 3, Award No. 142–100–3, July 13, 1984;

      • IAL Reporter, 8892

    • Isaiah v. Bank Mellat Case No. 219, Chamber 2, Award No. 35–219–2, 2 Iran-U.S.C.T.R. 232, March 30, 1983

    • Kimberly-Clark Corp. v. Bank Markazi Iran, Novzohour Paper Industries, The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran Case No. 47, Chamber 2, Award No. 46–57–2

    • Mark Dallal v. Islamic Republic of Iran, Bank Mellat (formerly International Bank of Iran) Case No. 149, Chamber 1, Award No. 53–149–1, 3 Iran-U.S.C.T.R. 74

    • Schering Corporation v. The Islamic Republic of Iran Case No. 38, Chamber 3, Award No. 122–38–3, April 13, 1984, 5 Iran-U.S.C.T.R. 361, IAL Reporter 8992

    • Sea-Land Service, Inc. v. The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ports, and Shipping Organization IAL Reporter 8760

    Index D. Authors

    References to the author’s works have not been included in this Index. (The titles of listed authors have been omitted.)

    A

    Page
    Abbatescianni, Girolamo97
    Abel, Lionel11
    Acheson, David C.357
    Alexandrowicz, Charles Henry
    754, 755, 774, 778, 783
    Anderson, Ronald A.735
    Ansay, Tugrul191
    Anselme-Rabinovich, Lėon559, 774, 783
    Appleton, Arthur E.526

    B

    Baeck, Paul L.141
    Bacge, Alcot574
    Balfour, John128
    Barnet, Richard J.598
    Baumanns, Axel285, 489
    Baxter, R. R.442
    Bayitch, S. A.749, 754, 783
    Becker, Joseph D.38
    Beckett, W. Eric357
    Begun, Brian D.503, 705
    Bell, John595
    Bentil, J. Kodwo100
    Blaise, Jean-Bernard522
    Blum, John Morton357
    Böhlhoff, Klaus285, 489
    Borges, Jorge Luis674
    Borrowdale, A.381, 392
    Bostrom, Robert E.78
    Bowles, Roger A.595, 724, 725
    Brealey, Mark550, 552
    Brice, Stephen Wilson127
    Brown, John Trevor51
    Buchheit, Lee C.452
    Bülck, Hartwig750, 771, 783
    Bydunski, Franz570, 571, 573

    C

    Campbell, Barry R.428
    Cannon-Geary, Irene518
    Carreau, Dominique751, 754,
    770, 775, 783
    Carter, P. B.560
    Cashel, Thomas W.432
    Chandler, J. A.661
    Chappatte, Philippe100
    Chaumeton, Jean-Paul 70, 87, 224, 523
    Chebil, Khaled38
    Christie, G. C.442
    Christopher, Mark M.515
    Clark, Jonathan M., Jr.405
    Cohn, E. J.267
    Collier, J. G.62
    Conant, A. B., Jr.404
    Cone, Sydney M., III502
    Cooper, Robert M.404, 406
    Corcoran, Carol A.404
    Curci, Francis X.193

    D

    Dainow, Joseph556
    Dam, Kenneth W.634
    Dassesse, Marc149
    David, René556
    Davis, Michael C.405
    Dawson, John Philip748
    Debevoise, E. Whitney, II223, 449, 614
    de Larosière, Jacques607
    Delaume, Georges R.284, 559, 564,
    752, 774, 778, 783
    de Luca, Francesco95
    de Maekelt, Tatiana B.582
    de V. Wragg, Lawrence17, 51
    Dicey, A. V.94, 562, 575, 577
    Didier, Edouard223, 629
    Doi, Teruo249, 251, 252
    Dolinger, Jacob617
    Drakidis, Philippe629, 748, 749, 751,
    759, 760, 763, 769, 774, 783
    Dryer, H. Peter51
    Duden, K.633
    Dutheil de la Rochère, Jacqueline144
    Dutoit, Bernard628

    E

    Ebenroth, Carsten-Thomas12, 67, 190,
    404, 417, 447, 449, 613, 621
    Eck, Jean-Pierre223, 229, 238, 239,
    240, 478, 600
    Edwards, L. R.26
    Edwards, Richard W., Jr.533, 655,
    677, 757, 758, 764, 769, 770, 778, 783
    Eek, Hilding568, 583, 584
    Ehlers, K.530, 781
    Ergec, R.405
    Evans, James G., Jr.201

    F

    Fawcett, J. E. S.486, 750, 764, 783
    Flint, David661, 667
    Focsaneanu, Lazar144
    Forelle, Frank Charles428, 606
    Fouchard, Philippe111, 113, 522
    Fowler, Henry H.478
    Fox, Dana W.159
    Fraser, H. W.661, 668
    Freedman, Nadezha716
    Friedmann, Wolfgang516
    Frumkin, Joseph B.428, 430
    Fujita, Yasuhiro249, 539, 754

    G

    Gaillard, Emmanuel223, 239, 600
    Garner, J. F.516
    Gianviti, Francois151, 179, 229, 241,
    283, 346, 347, 349, 475, 492, 558, 560,
    577, 601, 748, 752, 757, 761, 764, 765,
    767, 769, 770, 772, 774, 779, 783
    Gibbs, Nancy P.240
    Gilpin, Kenneth N.421
    Goldsmith, Michael62
    Gomez-Palacio, Ignacio177
    Gothot, Pierre229, 559, 569, 745,
    750, 762, 774, 776, 784
    Greene, Margaret L.690
    Gruson, Michael528
    Guth, WlLFRlED478

    H

    Hall, William421
    Herbert, A. P.363
    Hermann, A. H.514, 515
    Herzstein, Robert E.428
    Higgins, Rosalyn443
    Hjerner, Lars748, 749, 754
    Hodgekiss, C. C.62
    Hoffman, John E., Jr.617
    Hooper, Chester D.126
    Horton, Gerard661, 667
    Hoyer, Hans209, 210
    Hugues, Christopher51

    I

    Isaacs, Stuart63

    J

    Jacoment, Thierry223, 629
    Jacquemont, Andre363
    Jennings, R. Y.500
    Jessurun d’Oliveira, H. U.87, 630, 763, 774, 775, 779, 784
    Jones, David Lloyd290
    Juillard, Patrick750, 769, 774, 784

    K

    Kahale, George, III404, 428
    Kahn, Philippe490, 491, 522
    Kahn-Freund, Otto186, 529, 595, 622
    Kamei, Susan H.404
    Kantawala, N. R.481
    Karmali, A. E.481
    Kean, Arnold128
    Kegel, Gerhard503
    Keynes, John Maynard306, 350, 357,
    368, 369, 637, 675, 698
    Kissinger, Henry598
    Kleinman, Neil J.404, 406
    Krane, Steven C.404
    Kraus, Hans-Michael99
    Krispis, Euas576, 751, 753, 754, 758,
    764, 765, 771, 772, 774, 778, 780, 784
    Kropholler, J.131
    Kunz, C. Thomas421, 446

    L

    Lanzon, Christine E.153
    Lauterpacht, Hersch359, 477, 583
    Lee, Ronald D.510
    Leiseca, Sergio A.401
    Lewin, Guy W.63
    Lincoln, Barbara A.153
    Lindskog, David R.68, 404, 428, 449
    Louis, Jean-Victor149

    Mc

    McLellan, David S.357

    M

    Madsen-Mygdal, N. P.238, 748, 763,
    774, 777, 784
    Majoros, Ferenc628
    Malaurie, Philippe10, 575
    Mann, F. A.11, 38, 63, 70, 78, 90, 91,
    165, 238, 264, 270, 271, 272, 297, 354,
    357, 358, 359, 375, 394, 475, 478, 480,
    503, 578, 586, 633, 746, 748, 750, 754,
    760, 765, 767, 769, 770, 771, 773, 774,
    775, 778, 779, 780, 784
    Martin, Peter128
    Mathias, Charles McC., Jr.404
    Meichsner, Vjekoslav269, 750, 763,
    765, 766, 767, 768, 774, 775, 778, 784
    Mentré, Paul614
    Meyer, Bernard S.74, 456, 459, 584,
    585, 751, 752, 754, 764, 768, 769, 770,
    771, 773, 774, 784
    Mezger, E.774
    Monnory, Paul J.522
    Morris, J. H. C.94, 562, 575, 577

    N

    Nadelmann, Kurt H.253
    Nicholas, H. G.357
    Nowak, Michael196
    Nussbaum, Arthur345, 347, 394, 583,
    745, 746, 748, 750, 764, 768, 769, 784

    O

    Oberson, Raoul566, 629
    Obeyesekere, Stanley C. A.750, 765,
    768, 769, 774, 777, 778, 781, 784
    Oechsli, Christopher G.421, 449, 614
    O’Keefe, P. J.478, 662
    Oliver, Peter144, 584

    P

    Paradise, Richard R.172, 441, 641,
    759, 764, 778, 781, 782, 784
    Peacock, Thomas Love10
    Penn, G. A.185
    Petersen, Michael100
    Philip, Allan556, 563, 575, 586, 630,
    662, 752, 769, 774, 784
    Pryles, Michael C.662

    Q

    Quayle, Andrew C., Jr.428

    R

    Rambow, Gerhard144
    Rambure, Dominique53
    Reese, Willis L. M.561
    Reinhard, Welter281
    Rendell, Robert S.404, 716, 723
    Reukema, Barbara129
    Rieffel, Alexis420, 501, 615
    Riphagen, W.751, 759, 778, 779, 784
    Robinson, Davis R.290
    Robinson, J. Michael729, 732
    Robles Euas, Eduardo177
    Rodriguez, Raquel A.506, 519
    Roll, Eric478
    Romita, Mario95
    Ruiloba Santana, Eloy569, 574, 631,
    758, 761, 774, 775, 785
    Rüssmann, Helmut461
    Rutke, Wolfgang465

    S

    Santucci, Ettore A.428, 613
    Sauveplanne, J. G.503
    Schmitthoff, Clive M.63
    Schnitzer, A. F.268, 577, 633, 750,
    765, 771, 774, 776, 777, 778, 785
    Schwab, George B.592
    Schwimman, Michael205, 364
    Schwind, Fritz207
    Schwind, G.229
    Seidel, Martin100
    Seidl-Hohenveldern, Ignaz226, 503,
    633, 665, 746, 747, 779, 780, 785
    Semkow, Brian W.254
    Sesit, Michael R.441, 457
    Shelzi, Maria518
    Shenton, David W.40
    Sherman, Laura B.79
    Siesby, Erik575, 625, 662, 750, 774, 785
    Silard, Stephen A.449, 613
    Silverman, Kyle A.405
    Simon-Depitre, Marthe130, 153
    Simpson, James David, Jr.121
    Smits, René J. H.143, 148, 149
    Sobol, Dorothy Meadow17
    Sohn, Louis B.442
    Spandau, Arnt240
    Stack, David R.63
    Stewart, David P.79
    Studwell, Thomas W.401
    Suratgar, David502
    Swings, André A. L.52
    Sykes, Edward I.662
    Szladits, Charles253

    T

    Taniguchi, Tomohei252, 756
    Tedeschi, Mark A. G.478, 662
    Teitz, Louise Ellen404
    Terez, Daniel G.446
    Tigert, Ricki Rhodarmer608
    Toland, Gordon K.40
    Treves, Tuluo561, 577, 748, 749,
    754, 755, 757, 764, 769, 774, 778, 785

    U

    Usher, J. A.105

    V

    van der Feltz, F.530, 781
    Van Hagen, Anthony230
    van Hecke, G.563, 633, 750,
    769, 774, 785
    Varges, Gabe Shawn504
    Vazquez Pando, Fernando177, 178
    Verheul, Hans666
    Verbit, Gilbert P.604
    von Hofmannsthal, Emilio746
    von Mehren, Robert B.79, 290

    W

    Wadmond, Lowell C.500
    Walker, Anthony62
    Warburton, William42
    Whelan, Christopher J.595, 724, 725
    Widman, F. Lisle598
    Wilkins, Jesse T.405
    Williams, John S.74, 441, 563, 750,
    751, 765, 767, 769, 771, 772,
    774, 775, 776, 778, 782, 785
    Witcher, S. Karene421
    Wolff, Martin746, 785
    Wood, Philip R.79
    Wymeersch, Eddy11

    Y

    Young, John H.685

    Z

    Zaitzeff, Roger M.421, 446
    Zamora, Stephen177, 401, 548,
    646, 647
    Zimmerman, David W.405, 407
    Zweicert, Konrad131

    Index E. Subjects

    References in this index are to the first page only of a discussion that extends through several pages.

    A

    • Act of State, 68, 72, 74, 155, 166, 167, 169, 403, 428, 453, 526, 552, 610, 643, 710, 781, 800

      • And contract law, 432

      • And economic policy, 514

      • And exchange controls, 403, 407, 418

      • And unenforceability under Articles, 439

    • Acta jure gestionis and Acta jure imperii, 513

    • American Society of International Law, 3

    • Anticipatory Breach, 310

    • Articles of Agreement of Fund

      • Article IV, ambiguity of, 684

      • Article VIII, Section 2(a), not rule of decision, 667

      • Article VIII, Section 2(b): theories of relation to private international law, 568;

        • whether or not a norm of private international law, 568

      • Dangers of paraphrasing provisions, 678

      • Force of law for obligation under, 663

      • Interpretation of, 330, 623;

        • and uniformity, 623

      • Relationships among Fund’s purposes, 367

      • Translation of, agreed, 269

      • Uniform application of, 702, 704

    • Assets, freezing of, 476

    • Assignments, 455

      • Bona fide and colorable, 458

    B

    • Balance of Payments, Financing Gap, 614

    • Banking Practice, 326

    • Banking Procedures, 311

    • Bank’s Head Office, Liability of, 232

    • Breach-Day Rule, 721

    • Bretton Woods Concepts, 3

    • Bretton Woods Conference, 366

    • Brussels Convention, 19, 23, 131

    • Burden of Proof, 85, 561

      • And European Court of Justice, 552

    C

    • Capital and Current Payments, Definitions, 148

    • Capital and Current Transactions, 311, 313, 329, 339, 361, 397

      • Definition, 149, 200

    • Capital Controls, 8, 9, 100, 538

      • And surveillance, 484

      • Breach of agreement not to impose, 151

    • Capital Movements, 143, 148

    • Capital Transfers, 55, 100, 294, 372, 545, 688

      • Definitions of, 103

      • Discriminatory, 319, 381

    • Carriage of Goods by Road Convention (CMR), 136

    • Central Rates, 20, 21

    • Certificates of Deposit, 159, 161, 165, 167, 168, 203, 433

      • Classification under Articles of Agreement, 157

    • Choice of Forum, 184

    • Choice of Law and Choice of Forum, New York Law, 184

    • Claims to Damages for Tort and Articles of Agreement, 705

    • Collaboration, 704

    • Classification Under Private International Law, 587

    • Comity, 237, 453, 488, 557, 609

      • And bankruptcy, 420, 453

    • Commercial Acitivity, 160, 162, 166, 167, 168, 171

    • Commercial Bank Lending, 7

    • Committee on Reform of the International Monetary System and Related Issues (Committee of Twenty), 9, 20, 21, 22

    • Common Customs Tariff, 104

    • Conditionality, 7

    • Confiscation, 163, 321, 325, 327, 411, 417, 433, 437, 438, 489, 588

      • And exchange control, 232

    • Contracts and Settlements, 602

      • Fund’s regulatory jurisdiction, 602

    • Contracts, International, 112, 283n

    • Conversion

    • Corporate Veil, 515

    • Cours Forcé, 393

    • Cours Légal, 393

    • Courts and Executive, 604, 616

    • Courts and Government Departments, 610

    • Currency, meaning of, 355

    • Currency Arrangements

      • Freely floating, 690

      • Freely usable, 692

      • Independently floating, 690

      • Varieties of, 687

    • Currency Convertibility, 300, 636, 698

      • Of foreign official holdings, 320, 322, 541

    • Currency of Account, 718

    • Currency of Payment, 205, 718

    • Current International Transactions, 147

      • Definition of, 9, 213

      • Payments and transfers for, 700

    D

    • Debt

      • Proposals for dealing with under unenforceability, 447

      • Repudiation of, 421, 611

      • Restructuring of, 607

      • Situs of, 176, 193, 420, 429, 433, 436

    • Defaults, 497, 529

      • And disputes, 499

      • Elimination of and Fund’s authority, 501

    • Delayed Payments, 396

    • Delayed Transfers, 315, 329

    • Disputes

      • And Fund’s good offices, 499

    • Divestiture, 321, 440, 447

    E

    • Economic Growth and Reasonable Price Stability, 680

    • Economic Policies and Programs, 6, 96, 596

    • English Law Commission, 713

    • Eurobonds, 111

    • European Currency Unit (ECU), 111

      • As foreign currency, 50

      • Clearing system, 52

      • ECU-denominated claims as monetary obligations, 51

    • European Unit of Account (EUA), 111

    • Excessive Borrowing and Lending, 10

    • Exchange Arrangements

      • Choice of, 677

      • Choice of and conditions to be observed, 682

      • Collaboration on, 679

      • Consistency with purposes of Fund and obligations, 685

      • Majorities for decisions on, 684

      • Notice of changes in, 690

      • Obligations on, 679

      • Soft law of, 680

    • Exchange Contracts, 337

      • Enforceability of, 97

    • Exchange Controls, 55, 163, 177, 182, 394

      • Advertent and inadvertent breach, 238

      • Algeria, 232

      • And act of state, 403, 407, 418

      • And comity, 180, 557

      • And exchange restrictions, 634

      • And Fund’s stand-by arrangements, 437

      • And moral considerations, 237

      • Authorized, categories of, 534

      • Australia, 661

      • Austria, 99, 205, 212, 261, 276, 461, 570, 572, 588

      • Belgium, 99, 212, 224

      • Colombia, 198

      • Consistency with Articles of Agreement, 160, 199, 296, 304, 344, 397

      • Cooperation among members, 557

      • Costa Rica, 68, 417, 435, 606

      • Cuba, 69, 407, 410

      • Deterrence of breach, 238

      • Discriminatory, 772

      • Domestic: validity of, 164, 177, 179, 186, 291;

        • as mandatory norms, 569

      • Estoppel, 323

      • Extraterritorial assets, 387, 420, 439

      • France, 222, 224, 262, 589, 599

      • “Freezing” stipulated law, 527

      • Fund’s jurisdiction, 338

      • Fund’s procedures, 537

      • Fund’s replies to inquiries, 303

      • Fund’s supervision of, 337

      • Germanv, Federal Republic of, 205, 255, 261

      • Hungary, 587

      • Illegality of contracts under, 220

      • Immediate effect, 524

      • Indonesia, 191, 665

      • Information on, 633, 634, 639

      • Interpretation of other members’, 579

      • Iran, 65, 79, 85, 90, 91, 241, 290, 300, 301, 307, 324

      • Israel, 210, 263

      • Italy, 93, 98, 100, 143

      • Kenya, 271, 456

      • Member’s duty to provide information on, 700

      • Mexico, 156, 161,169, 181, 433, 643, 710

      • Netherlands, 191, 580, 589

      • Nonrecognized states and governments, 385

      • Of other members as mandatory norms of lex fori, 572

      • Of two members, 219, 223, 224, 227, 261

      • Pending characterization of effect of breach, 253

      • Peru, 58, 456, 468

      • Regularization of invalidity, 600

      • “Retroactive,” 521

      • Sanctions for breach, 221, 225, 238, 240n, 249, 283

      • South Africa, 275

      • South Vietnam, 192

      • Spain, 457

      • Subsequent, 160, 161, 521

      • Suriname, 87

      • Traditional refusal to enforce another state’s, 703

      • Turkey, 71, 234, 413

      • Uganda, 415, 470

      • Underlying transaction, 314

      • United Kingdom, 220, 227

      • Valid contracts and invalid performance, 221

      • Validation of invalid contracts, 223n

      • Venezuela, 183

      • Viet Nam, 230

      • Withdrawal from Fund, 531

      • Yugoslavia, 588

    • Exchange Control Regulations, 533

      • And contracts, 389

      • And restrictions, 342

      • Definition of, 475

      • Motive, 478

      • Nonrestrictive, 343

      • Protection of other members, 479

      • Technique, 482

    • Exchange Rate Policies

      • Fund’s surveillance over, 341, 691, 727

      • Principles for guidance of, 691

    • Exchange Rates, 192

      • And multiple currency practices, 401

      • Arrangements and policies, 683

      • For capital transfers, 686

      • Measurement of variation in, 727

      • Official and market, 194

    • Exchange Restrictions

      • And trade restrictions, 480

      • Form of approval, 487

      • Guiding principles, 480

      • “Imposed,” 643

      • “Maintained,” 643

      • Security reasons, 485

      • Subject to approval, 635

      • Subsequent approval of, 524, 642, 644

      • Withdrawal, 486

    • Exchange Surrender Requirements, 197

    • Exclusive Ojrrenty of Payment, 393

    • Executed and Executory Contracts, 530, 601

    • External Debt Problem, 6, 9

    • Ex turpi causa non oritur jus, 499

    • Eurobonds, 111

    • European Unit of Account (EUA), 111

    F

    • Financial Centers, 186, 591

    • Fiscal Agencies of Governments, 505

    • Forum Shopping, 127n

    • Forum non conveniens, 177, 181, 183

    • Freedom for Transfers, 398

    • Fund’s resources, use of, 4, 341

      • Ineligibility, 692

      • Need for waiver, 696

      • Obligation to terminate, 5

      • Special policies on, 695

      • Tranches, 694

    G

    • Garnishment and Foreign Currency, 43

    • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 366

    • Germinal Franc, 18, 136

    • Gold

      • Freely buying and selling, 675

      • Official holdings, 23, 24

      • Market price, 23, 126, 129, 135, 140, 142

      • Official price, 128, 133

      • Under Second Amendment, 18

    • Gold Tranche, 694

    • Gold Units of Account, 18, 119

      • Domestic legislation, 26

      • Market price of gold, 25, 26, 34

      • SDR solution, 19, 21, 23, 24, 27, 50

    • Governmental Defaults

      • And exchange control, 506

      • And intervention, 507

      • Criteria for, 504

    • Guarantees, 279, 458, 523

      • Jurisdiction to control, 459

    H

    • Hickenlooper Amendment, 163, 405, 411

    • Hierarchy of Defenses, 440

    I

    • Ineligibility for Failures to Fulfill Obligations and for Other Reasons, 693

    • Informal or Ad Hoc Restrictions, 343, 492

    • Insurance Policies, 165

    • Interdependence, 12

    • International Monetary Cooperation, 96

    • International Monetary Fund (Fund)

      • Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions, 626, 634, 638

      • Balance of Payments Manual, 316, 379n

      • Borrowing by, 7

      • Code of conduct, 5, 8

      • Consultations with, 690

      • Enlarged use of resources, 7

      • Publication of reports, 638

      • Recommendation by to withdraw restrictions, 701

      • Replies by, 331, 506

      • Surveillance by, 9

      • See also specific subjects

    • International Monetary Law, 673

    • International Monetary System, 10

      • Control of, 612

    • International Public Policy, 96, 617, 708

      • And national public policy, 619

    • Interpretation and Amendment, 33, 35

    • Interrelations Among Defenses, 438

    • Intervention, 674, 690

    • Investment, direct, 317

    • Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, 289

      • Finality of award, 332

    J

    • Judgment Day Rule, 721

    • Judgments

      • And European units of account, 46

      • And public policy of forum, 92

      • Currency of, 194, 205

      • Foreign, 98, 215, 218, 255

      • In SDRs, 18

    • Judgments In Foreign Currencies, 38, 713

      • Breach-day rule, 721

      • Canadian practice, 719

      • English practice, 716, 724

      • Execution of, 48

      • Interest, 729

      • Judgment day rule, 721

      • Ontario practice, 728

      • Payment day rule, 721

      • Setoff, 732

      • U.S. practice, 715, 738

    • Judicial Activism, 35, 38, 42, 50

    • Judicial Function, 594

    • Judicial Law Reform, 604

    L

    • Laws, Foreign Fiscal, 384

    • Law Merchant, 39

    • Law Reform Commission of British Columbia, 713

    • Legal System, Fundamental Concepts of, 97

    • Legal Tender, 393, 400

    • Letters of Credit and Underlying Transactions, 61, 468

    • Loans, 165, 183, 224, 250, 276, 414, 435, 606

    M

    • Mandatory Exchange Control Law of Forum, 224, 225, 249

    • Mandatory Norms, 569

      • And overriding statutes, 575

    • Maritime Claims Convention, 28

    • Markets in SDR Instruments, 45

    • Membership Procedures, 663

    • Misrepresentation, 167

    • Monetary Provisions, Delay in Amending, 107

    • Money and Abnormalities, 11

    • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), 471

    • Multilateral System of Payments, 8, 305, 312, 399

    • Multiple Currency Practices, 156, 162, 167, 175, 686

      • And bilateral treaties, 403 (n. 16)

      • And capital transfers, 402

      • Change under Second Amendment, 686

      • Fund’s policy on, 658

    • Multiple Legal Doctrines, 10

    N

    • Negligence, 311

    • Nemo auditur propriam turpitudinem al-legans, 499

    • Nonmembers, 565

      • Laws of, 567

      • Public policy, 567

    O

    • Ordre public, 12, 556

    • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

      • Code of Liberalization of Capital Movements, 488, 627

      • Code of Liberalization of Current Invisible Transactions, 488

      • Codes of, 150

    P

    • Paris Club, 422, 426, 495, 501

    • Par Values, 20, 22, 30, 35, 47, 49, 50, 55, 121, 133, 140

      • Abrogation of, 106

      • Persistence of, 103, 111, 128

    • Par Value System, 674, 714

    • Payment Day Rule, 721

    • Payments Arrears, 493, 497, 642

      • Fund’s policies on, 493

    • Penal Laws, 503

    • Performance, Impossibility of, 236, 251

    • Place of Performance, Illegality at, 526

    • Poincaré Franc, 18, 120, 139

      • And present French franc, 130

    • Political Laws, 503

    • Prescription of Exclusive Currency of Payment and Restrictions, 393

    • Private International Law, 555

      • Incidental or preliminary question in, 581

      • Purpose of, 583

    • Private Rights and Public Interest, 11

    • Privity of Contract, 324, 383

    • Property, 411, 443

    • Protection of Domestic Creditors, 207

    • Public Entities

      • And governmental entities, 501

      • And private parties, 501

    • Public Laws, 503

    • Public Policy, 12, 92, 95, 185, 189, 191, 198, 207, 219, 224, 225, 228, 238, 239, 258, 385, 395, 415, 420, 422, 463, 503, 529, 556, 567, 591, 612, 666, 703

      • And government departments, 597

      • And international debt, 606

      • And interpretation of Articles of Agreement, 620

      • And membership in the Fund, 423

      • And policy motives, 595

      • And private interests, 239

      • And statutes, 616

      • And unenforceability, 441

      • Conflicts of, 614

      • Courts and Executive, 599

      • Determination of, 618

      • Monetary authorities, 599

      • Negative and positive, 556

      • Regularization of invalidity, 600

    Q

    • Quasi-delict, 297

    R

    • Rates of Exchange and Judgments, 40

    • Rebus sic stantibus, 123, 374

    • Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Fiscal Laws, 384

    • Regulations and Restrictions, 395

    • Reserve Tranche, 694, 696

    • Residence, 580, 626

      • And nationality, 272

      • Which law determines, 580

    • Restitutio in integrum, 720, 726, 731, 735

    • Restitution, 562, 706

    • Restrictions, 688

      • And governmental defaults, 427, 609

      • And governmental nonperformance, 497

      • Definition of, 396

      • Fund’s policy on approvals of, 342, 659

      • Fund’s representations on withdrawal, 344

      • On payments and transfers for current international transactions, 240, 252, 544, 603

      • On trade and on payments, 234

      • Withdrawal of, 698

    • Revenue Laws, 159, 218, 395, 425, 502, 527, 557, 559, 707

    • Rules of Decision, 158

    S

    • Sabbatino Doctrine, 405, 411, 442, 445

      • And Fund’s Articles of Agreement, 156, 171

    • Special Drawing Right (SDR), 17, 119

      • And judgments, 36

      • And purchasing power, 28

      • And stability, 29, 33

      • As currency, 38, 41

      • Basket valuation, 21

      • Claims denominated in, 37

      • As monetary obligations, 51

      • Loans denominated in, 44

    • SDR Solution, 121, 134, 140, 142

      • Calculation under, 125

    • Securities Law, 161, 167

    • Security Restrictions Under Other Treaties, 488

    • Sharing Burden of Financing, 7

    • “Snake,” 676

    • Sovereign Entity, 169

    • Sovereign Immunity, 155, 160, 162, 167, 168

    • Sovereignty, 4, 8

    • Speculative Contracts, 99

    • Stand-By Arrangements, 9

      • Definition of, 697

    • State Trading, 515

    • Sterling, Gold Value of, 131

      • Floating, Legal Effect of, 38

    • Suits by Foreign Governments, 502

    • Surrender Requirement, 265

    • Suspense Accounts, 239, 377

      • Payment into, 226

    • Syndicates of Banks and Right to Sue, 419, 427, 450

    T

    • Taking, 163, 301, 317, 411, 442

    • Taking, Indirect, 443

    • Territorial Laws, 259

    • Transitional Arrangements, 8, 302, 340, 342, 484, 536, 543, 549, 635, 636, 689

      • And approvals, 689

      • And multiple currency practices, 402

      • Elimination of restrictions, 303, 305, 312, 328, 341, 698

    • Treaties

      • Bilateral, 403n

      • Gaps in, 141

      • Interpretation of, 358

    • Treaty of Rome, 143, 488, 796

      • And Articles of Agreement, 100, 149, 151

      • Fines under, 46

    U

    • Undertaking to Apply For or to Get License, 227, 228, 233, 706

    • Unenforceability and Enforceability, 157, 158, 403

    • Unenforceability of Certain Exchange Contracts, 10, 11, 56, 66

      • Abrogation of par value system, 373

      • Advice of Fund, 70, 76

      • Alleged difficulties of economic view of exchange contracts, 363

      • Alleged redundancy of words, 354

      • And act of state, 781

      • And private international law, 555

      • “Any member,” 763, 790

      • Approach by court to Fund, 76, 701

      • Approval and authorization of exchange control, 174

      • Arbitral tribunals, 80, 292

      • As exchange contracts, 58

      • Assignment of claim, 58, 265, 271, 273, 391

      • Attitudes to provision, 745

      • Authorized and approved restrictions, 700

      • “Authorized” exchange controls, 533

      • Bailments, 378

      • Burden of proof, 67, 74, 79, 84, 244, 267, 276, 294, 561, 799

      • Burden of proof of consistency with Articles of Agreement and presumptions, 543

      • Capital controls (informal note after Bretton Woods), 791, 794

      • Capital transactions, 462

      • Capital transfers, 81, 83, 85

      • Change of circumstances, 242, 247

      • Checks and underlying agreements, 245

      • Claims not extinguished, 232

      • Claims to property or possession, 562

      • Classification under private international law, 587

      • Collaboration, reciprocity, and retaliation, 665

      • Conclusiveness of Fund’s replies, 444, 701

      • Consequence of not giving force of law, 664

      • Consistency of exchange control regulations with Articles of Agreement, 70, 245, 267, 272, 443, 533, 709, 768, 793

      • Continuing effects of private international law, 558

      • Contractual claims and proprietary rights, 211

      • “Contrary,” 790

      • Countertrade and barter, 376

      • Critical date, 778, 798

      • Criticism of Fund’s replies, 646

      • Currency involved, 68, 73, 74, 77, 205, 247, 262, 299, 369, 699, 737, 753, 789

      • Current and capital transactions, 70, 82

      • Damages for failure to apply for license, 92

      • Damages for negligence under contract, 90

      • Damages in tort, 217

      • Dangers of paraphrase of Articles of Agreement, 698

      • Danish text, 625, 630

      • Decisions of foreign courts, 358

      • Definition of currency, 375

      • Definitions of means of payment, 375

      • Discriminatory currency arrangements, 796

      • Discriminatory exchange controls, 772

      • Domestic exchange controls, 81

      • Double meaning of “exchange,” 360

      • Drafting of inquiries, 654

      • Duty of court, 60, 74, 81, 264, 550, 700

      • Duty to apply for license, 92

      • Effect of performance contrary to exchange control, 218, 219

      • Effects of narrow view of exchange contracts, 346, 349

      • Elements to be proved, 75

      • Enforceability of contracts, 84

      • English Bills of Exchange Act, 1882, 246

      • Estoppel, 212

      • Evaluation of foreign decisions, 359

      • Evasion of exchange control, 277

      • Excess of authority by courts, 702

      • Exchange contracts, 58, 66, 68, 74, 78, 164, 189, 218, 244, 266, 271, 276, 344, 345, 415, 699, 709, 747, 788

      • Exchange contracts and assignments, 455

      • Exchange contracts and consequential claims, 455

      • Exchange contracts and convertibility of foreign official holdings, 352, 372

      • Exchange contracts and exchange transactions, 348, 369

      • Exchange contracts and guarantees, 458

      • Exchange control and consistency with Articles of Agreement, 180

      • Exchange control and domestic validity, 179

      • Exchange control of dependent territories, 88

      • Exchange control of forum, 87, 666

      • Exchange control regulations, 764, 791

      • Exchange controls of two members, 205, 212, 574

      • Exchange rates, 370

      • Exclusion of Article VIII, Section 2(b), 621

      • Exclusion of exchange control, 66, 74, 79

      • Executed and executory contracts, 217, 352, 372

      • Exercise of regulatory authority v. interpretation, 702

      • Ex-member, 69

      • Extraterritorial assets, 211, 278, 380, 463

      • Failure to give effect to Article VIII, Section 2(b), 661

      • Foreign judgments, 92, 187, 191

      • French text, 628

      • Fund’s determination that approval not necessary, 701

      • Fund’s interpretations, 173, 293, 343

      • Fund’s practice on replies, 650

      • Fund’s regulatory authority, 175

      • Fund’s replies, 164, 172, 175, 552, 646, 710

      • German text, 624

      • German translations of provision, 268

      • Greek text, 630

      • Guarantee, 277

      • Guarantees and currency involved, 460

      • Illegality and unenforceability, 246

      • Indemnity, 280

      • Information on exchange controls, 633

      • Inquiries to Treasury, 242

      • Insulation by governments of contracts from exchange control, 86

      • Interpretation of contract, 562

      • Interpretation of Fund’s replies, 656

      • Judicial notice, 74

      • Jurisdiction over assets, 376

      • Legislative history, 349, 370

      • Letters of credit, 57, 61, 468

      • Loans, 64, 67, 71

      • Meaning of “contract,” 584

      • Meaning of unenforceabiltiiy, 60, 70

      • Merchandise transactions, 59, 353, 363

      • Merchandise transactions and purposes of Fund, 365

      • Monetary transactions in disguise, 58, 63

      • Nonmembers, 69, 361, 565

      • Nonparties, 63, 381

      • Nussbaum’s influence on English cases, 346

      • Opinions of authors, 745

      • Ove tin voicing, 57

      • Par values, 374

      • Partly executed contracts, 376

      • Payments as test of exchange contracts, 354

      • Possible rationale of narrow view of exchange contracts, 368

      • Possible treatment of guarantees and indemnity, 466

      • Precondition for suit, 264, 268, 275

      • Prescriptive jurisdiction, 211

      • Presumptions and burden of proof of consistency with Articles of Agreement, 543

      • Presumptions of consistency of exchange control with Articles of Agreement, 71, 76, 77, 245

      • Private international law, 64, 81, 83, 275, 282, 800

      • Privity of contract, 378, 390

      • Problems of narrow view of exchange contracts, 370

      • Proof of claim and proof of unenforceability, 298

      • Property or contract, 589

      • Proposals for dealing with’ debt under, 447

      • Proposed unenforceability for breach of domestic exchange controls, 226

      • Proprietary and possessory rights, 378, 381, 390

      • Public policy, 703

      • Purposes of Fund, 364

      • Quasi-delict, 563

      • Reciprocity, 179

      • Reinstitution of suit, 282

      • Relevant dates, 247, 257, 282, 390, 409, 462, 530, 652

      • Restitution, 562

      • Restitution and rescission, 703

      • Restrictions and nonmembers, 776, 798

      • Second Amendment, 373

      • Severance of claims, 59, 62

      • Spanish text, 631

      • Speculation, 353

      • Step transactions, 373

      • Subsequent exchange control, 69, 78, 86, 401

      • Summary of author’s views, 787

      • Suretyship, 280

      • Underlying transactions, 82, 294, 300

      • Understanding of Fund’s replies, 648

      • Undertaking not to raise, 280

      • Unenforceability, 189, 774, 796

        • And enforceability, 267, 298, 559, 564

        • And invalidity, 560

        • And nullity, 264

      • Uniformity of interpretation, 623

      • Uniformity of translation, 624

      • Unjust enrichment, 89, 265, 272, 282, 470, 562

      • Verbal considerations, 360

      • Which law decides meaning of “contract,” 584

    • Unenforceable Limitation on Liability, 32

    • Uniformity and Diverse Application, 626

    • Uniformity of Interpretation, 623

    • Uniformity of Members’ Rights and Obligations, 623

    • Uniformity of Translation, 624

    • United States

      • Foreign Relations Law, Draft Restatement of, 673

      • Policy on restructuring debt, 422

      • Public policy and governmental acts not acts of state, 431

    • United States-Iran Treaty of Amity, 300, 301, 319, 322, 328

    • Unjust Enrichment, 89, 92, 224, 265, 272, 282, 291, 297, 299, 300, 377, 470, 562, 706

    V

    • Vienna Convention on Law of Treaties, 31

    w

    • Warsaw Convention, 22, 25, 29, 32, 34, 104, 119, 135, 139

      • Exclusive remedy under, 129

    • West Berlin, 264

    • Working Balances, 329

    Index F. Summaries of Conclusions or Opinions

    Page
    Some Final Comments114–17
    A Concluding Comment153–54
    Suggested Summary of German Law284–87
    Some Final Comments329–32
    Suggested Interrelationships Among Exclusive Currency of Payment. Exchange Control, Act of State Doctrine, and the Fund’s Articles440–47
    Guarantees466–67
    Opinions of Some Authors on Article VIII, Section 2(b)745–85
    Author’s Views on Article VIII, Section 2(b)787–801
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