- Leonardo Leiderman
- Mario Bléjer, David Cheney, Jacob Frenkel, and Assaf Razin
- Published Date:
- June 1997
©1997 International Monetary Fund
Cover design by Massoud Etemadi and interior design by Julio Prego IMF Graphics Section
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Optimum currency areas: new analytical and policy developments / editors, Mario I. Blejer, Jacob A. Frenkel, Leonardo Leiderman, and Assaf Razin; in cooperation with David M. Cheney.
Includes bibliographical references (p.).
ISBN 1-55775-652-X (pbk.)
1. Monetary unions. 2. Monetary policy. I. Frenkel, Jacob A.
II. Leiderman, Leonardo, 1951-. III. Razin, Assaf. IV. Cheney, David M. V. Title.
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Mario I. Blejer, Leonardo Leiderman, and Assaf Razin
William R. White
Jacob A. Frenkel
Jeffrey A. Frankel and Andrew K. Rose
Daniel Gros and Alfred Steinherr
Tamim Bayoumi and Barry Eichengreen
Thomas Krueger, Douglas Laxton, and Assaf Razin
Tamim Bayoumi and Paul R. Masson
Roel M. W. J. Beetsma and A. Lans Bovenberg
Bent E. Sørenson and Oved Yosha
Fabio Ghironi and Francesco Giavazzi
The ongoing process of economic integration in Europe—with monetary integration and the creation of a single European currency critical elements of the process—has renewed interest in the concept of an optimum currency area. In recent years, many economists have written in search of an appropriate analytical framework to permit the evaluation of the requirements for, and consequences of, monetary integration. And, as is often the case, they begin with the concept of an optimum currency area pioneered by Robert A. Mundell in 1961.
This volume is the result of a December 1996 symposium on optimum currency areas, held in Tel Aviv and sponsored by the Bank of Israel, the IMF, and Tel Aviv and Hebrew Universities. The symposium, and this book, honor Robert Mundell and his seminal contribution to this and many other important topics. They do that in part by providing an opportunity for him to reflect on and update his thinking on the subject, and by asking other distinguished experts to present their views on the theoretical and policy-oriented implications of Mundell’s original contribution—and its relevance for European economic and monetary union (EMU).
The run-up to the launching of EMU on January 1, 1999, is indeed a heady period, given the scope and magnitude of the project. The IMF recently hosted a conference on EMU and its implications for the IMF and for the international monetary system, which considered the issues of timing, the euro’s strength as a currency, the impact on the stability of exchange rates, and how the IMF should adapt.
This timely book sheds light on many of the relevant issues. It offers thoughts and concepts that extend and clarify the analytical framework for assessing the implications and consequences of EMU, which is clearly the most important outstanding issue for the international monetary system.
It is entirely appropriate for the IMF to salute, on his sixty-fifth birthday, Bob Mundell, whose work—some of it done at the IMF—guides so many of us in our thinking about exchange rates and the international economy. To Bob we say, well done and thank you for all you have contributed.
First Deputy Managing Director
International Monetary Fund
The discussions held in Tel Aviv during the December 4–6, 1996, conference, “Optimum Currency Areas: The Current Agenda for International Monetary and Fiscal Integration,” commemorated the thirty-fifth anniversary of Robert Mundell’s seminal article on optimum currency areas. They also sought to shed light on the relevance of OCA theory for the impending European economic and monetary union.
We would like to extend our appreciation to Robert Mundell for his updating of the agenda for monetary union provided in Tel Aviv and to all participants in the conference. We are especially grateful to the joint sponsors of the conference: the Bank of Israel, the International Monetary Fund, The Pinhas Sapir Center for Development and The Rubinstein Foundation at Tel Aviv University, and The Helmut Kohl Institute for European Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Thanks are also owed to Nava Ganor, for her organizational support, and to Lijun Li for wordprocessing.
Mario I. Blejer
Jacob A. Frenkel
David M. Cheney