Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
October 2003
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    Appendices
    Appendix I. 2001 SIMSDI Update: Cross-Country Comparison Tables

    This appendix provides detailed cross-country tables, which augment the tables presented in the text.

    Conventions Used

    In Tables 147, the following conventions have been used:

    or Y = Yes

    X or N = No

    NA = Not applicable.

    Shaded cells indicate OECD countries.

    “Other unidentified countries” comprise the five countries that participated in the 2001 SIMSDI update for which details of their compilation practices are available only to national compilers and staff of international organizations, namely, Brazil, China, El Salvador, India, and Lithuania.

    List of Tables

    Country metadata are available on the IMF website (http://www.imf.org/external/np/sta/di/mdb97.htm).

    1. Data Reported to International Organizations: Transactions Data

    2. Data Reported to International Organizations: Position Data

    3. Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated

    4. Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated

    5. Timeliness of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated

    6. Timeliness of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated

    7. Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Transactions Data Disseminated

    8. Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated

    9. Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Position Data Disseminated

    10. Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated

    11. Geographic Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data

    12. Geographic Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Country Data

    13. Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data

    14. Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Industry Data

    15. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Transactions Data

    16. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Position Data

    17. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy (Outward FDI): Transactions Data

    18. Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy (Outward FDI): Position Data

    19. Treatment of Indirectly Owned Direct Investment Enterprises: Transactions Data

    20. Treatment of Indirectly Owned Direct Investment Enterprises: Position Data

    21. Measurement of Direct Investment Earnings: Application of the Current Operating Performance Concept (COPC): Inward Data

    22. Measurement of Direct Investment Earnings: Application of the Current Operating Performance Concept (COPC): Outward Data

    23. Direct Investment Income: Elements Included in the Disseminated Transactions Data

    24. Direct Investment Income: Time of Recording in Inward Transactions Data

    25. Direct Investment Income: Time of Recording in Outward Transactions Data

    26. Direct Investment Income on Debt (Interest): Items Covered in Inward Transactions Data

    27. Direct Investment Income on Debt (Interest): Items Covered in Outward Transactions Data

    28. Direct Investment Equity Capital: Items Covered in Transactions Data

    29. Direct Investment Equity Capital and Reinvested Earnings: Items Covered in Position Data

    30. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Inward Transactions Data

    31. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Outward Transactions Data

    32. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Inward Position Data

    33. Direct Investment Other Capital: Items Covered in Outward Position Data

    34. Treatment of Equity Capital and Other Capital Transactions Between Affiliated Banks and Between Affiliated Financial Intermediaries

    35. Treatment of Equity Capital and Other Capital Positions Between Affiliated Banks and Between Affiliated Financial Intermediaries

    36. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns Less Than 10% of Its Direct Investor (FDI Relationship in One Direction Only): Transactions Data

    37. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns Less Than 10% of Its Direct Investor (FDI Relationship in One Direction Only): Position Data

    38. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns at Least 10% of Its Direct Investor (Two FDI Relationships Established): Transactions Data

    39. Treatment of Reverse Investment When Direct Investment Enterprise Owns at Least 10% of Its Direct Investor (Two FDI Relationships Established): Position Data

    40. Primary Method Used for Valuing Assets and Liabilities in FDI Position Data

    41. Treatment of Quasi-Corporations Involving Construction Enterprises and Mobile Equipment: Transactions Data

    42. Treatment of Quasi-Corporations Involving Construction Enterprises and Mobile Equipment: Position Data

    43. Treatment of Ownership of Land and Buildings in FDI Transactions and Position Data

    44. Treatment of Offshore Enterprises in FDI Transactions and Position Data

    45. Treatment of Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) in FDI Transactions Data

    46. Treatment of Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) in FDI Position Data

    47. Treatment of Expenditure on Natural Resources Exploration in FDI Transactions and Position Data

    Table 1.Data Reported to International Organizations: Transactions Data
    Inward Transactions DataOutward Transactions Data
    Direct investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flows
    CountryIncome on equity (dividends)Reinvested earningsIncome on debt (interest)Equity capitalOther capitalIncome on equity (dividends)Reinvested earningsIncome on debt (interest)Equity capitalOther capital
    Argentina
    X
    Australia
    Austria
    Belgium
    Bolivia
    XXX
    Botswana
    Canada
    Chile
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Colombia
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Costa Rica
    Croatia
    Czech Republic
    DenmarkXXX
    XXX
    Ecuador
    X
    XXXXX
    Estonia
    Finland
    France
    X
    X
    Germany
    Greece
    X
    X
    Guatemala
    X
    XX
    Hong Kong SAR
    Hungary
    X
    X
    Iceland
    Indonesia
    X
    XXXXX
    Ireland
    IsraelX
    X
    X
    X
    Italy
    X
    X
    Japan
    Kazakhstan
    XXX
    Korea
    X
    KuwaitXXX
    XXXX
    X
    Latvia
    Luxembourg1NANANANANANANANANANA
    Malaysia
    X
    XX
    X
    XX
    Mexico
    XXXXX
    Netherlands
    New Zealand2
    Nigeria
    XXX
    XXXXX
    Norway
    X
    Peru
    X
    XXX
    X
    Philippines
    X
    X
    Poland
    Portugal
    Russia
    SingaporeXXX
    XXX
    Slovak Republic
    Slovenia
    X
    X
    X
    X
    South Africa
    X
    X
    Spain
    X
    X
    Sweden
    Switzerland
    ThailandXXX
    XXX
    X
    Tunisia
    XX
    XX
    X
    Turkey
    X
    X
    XX
    X
    United Kingdom
    United States
    OECDY = 28Y = 24Y = 25Y = 29Y = 28Y = 27Y = 23Y = 23Y = 28Y = 27
    countries (30)N = 1N = 5N = 4N = 0N = 1N = 2N = 6N = 6N = 1N = 2
    NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
    OtherY = 22Y = 18Y = 15Y = 24Y = 21Y = 17Y = 13Y = 11Y = 20Y = 12
    identifiedN = 4N = 8N = 11N = 2N = 5N = 9N = 13N = 15N = 6N = 14
    countries (26)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    OtherY = 4Y = 3Y = 2Y = 5Y = 3Y = 3Y = 1Y = 2Y = 5Y = 3
    unidentifiedN = 1N = 2N = 3N = 0N = 2N = 2N = 4N = 3N = 0N = 2
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Total (61)Y = 54Y = 45Y = 42Y = 58Y = 52Y = 47Y = 37Y = 36Y = 53Y = 42
    N = 6N = 15N = 18N = 2N = 8N = 13N = 23N = 24N = 7N = 18
    NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    New Zealand:To prevent data for individual respondents from being identified in the statistics, it is sometimes necessary to suppress some breakdowns of direct investment income and financial flows.

    Table 2.Data Reported to International Organizations: Position Data
    Inward Position DataOutward Position Data
    CountryEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capital
    Argentina
    Australia
    Austria
    Belgium
    Bolivia
    1
    Botswana
    Canada
    ChileXXXX
    Colombia
    2
    X
    X
    Costa RicaXXXX
    CroatiaXXXX
    Czech Republic
    Denmark
    EcuadorXXXX
    Estonia
    Finland
    France
    Germany
    Greece
    GuatemalaXXXX
    Hong Kong SAR
    Hungary
    2
    2
    Iceland
    IndonesiaXXXX
    IrelandXXXX
    Israel
    Italy
    Japan
    Kazakhstan
    2
    KoreaXXXX
    KuwaitXXXX
    Latvia
    Luxembourg
    MalaysiaXXXX
    Mexico
    XX
    Netherlands
    New Zealand
    NigeriaXXXX
    Norway
    Peru
    X
    2
    X
    PhilippinesXXXX
    Poland
    Portugal
    Russia
    Singapore
    Slovak Republic
    Slovenia
    South Africa
    Spain
    Sweden
    Switzerland
    ThailandX
    2
    X
    TunisiaX
    2
    X
    TurkeyXXXX
    United Kingdom
    United States
    OECD countries (30)Y = 27Y = 27Y = 26Y = 26
    N = 3N = 3N = 4N = 4
    NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Other identified countries (26)Y = 14Y = 14Y = 16Y = 12
    N = 12N = 12N = 10N = 14
    NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Other unidentified countries (5)Y = 4Y = 3Y = 3Y = 1
    N = 1N = 2N = 2N = 4
    NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Total (61)Y = 45Y = 44Y = 45Y = 39
    N = 16N = 17N = 16N = 22
    NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Bolivia: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

    Colombia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Peru, Thailand, and Tunisia: Data cover equity capital only.

    Table 3.Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated
    Periodicity of Most Timely Transactions DataPeriodicity of Most Comprehensive Transactions Data
    InwardOutwardInwardOutward
    CountryDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flows
    ArgentinaQQQQQQQQ
    AustraliaQQQQQQQQ
    AustriaM/Q1MM/Q1MAAAA
    BelgiumM/A2MM/A2MNANANANA
    BoliviaQQQNANANANANA
    BotswanaAAAAAAAA
    CanadaQQQQNANANANA
    ChileQQQQAAAA
    ColombiaQQQQQQQQ
    Costa RicaQQQQNANANANA
    CroatiaQQQQNANANANA
    Czech RepublicQ/A3QQ/A3QAAAA
    DenmarkNAMNAMNANANANA
    EcuadorQQNANAAANANA
    EstoniaQQQQNANANANA
    FinlandQMQMAAAA
    FranceMMMMNANANANA
    GermanyMMMMNANANANA
    GreeceQQQQNANANANA
    GuatemalaQQQNANANANANA
    Hong Kong SARQQQQNANANANA
    HungaryMMMMNANANANA
    IcelandQQQQAAAA
    IndonesiaQQNANANANANANA
    IrelandQQQQNANANANA
    IsraelQQQQNANANANA
    ItalyMMMMMMMM
    JapanMMMMNANANANA
    KazakhstanQQNAQNANANANA
    KoreaMMMMNANANANA
    KuwaitNAANAANAANAA
    LatviaQQQQNANANANA
    Luxembourg4NANANANANANANANA
    MalaysiaQNAQNANANANANA
    MexicoQQNANAAANANA
    NetherlandsMMMMNANANANA
    New ZealandQQQQNANANANA
    NigeriaAANANANANANANA
    NorwayM/A5MM/A6MNANANANA
    PeruQQNAAAANANA
    PhilippinesMMMMA7NANANA
    PolandMMMMAAAA
    PortugalMMMMNANANANA
    RussiaQQQQNANANANA
    SingaporeNAQNAQNAANAA
    Slovak RepublicMMMMQQQQ
    SloveniaM/A8MM/A8MNANANANA
    South AfricaQQQQNANANANA
    SpainQMQMNAQNANA
    SwedenMMMMANAANA
    SwitzerlandQ/A9QQ/A9QA7AA9A
    ThailandNAMNAMNANANANA
    TunisiaAAAANANANANA
    TurkeyMMMMNANANANA
    United KingdomQQQQAAAA
    United StatesQQQQNANANANA
    OECDM = 1510M = 18M = 1510M = 18M = 1M = 1M = 1M = 1
    countries (30)Q = 1410Q = 11Q = 1310Q = 10Q = 2Q = 3Q = 2Q = 2
    A = 410A = 0A = 410A = 0A = 9A = 8A = 8A = 7
    NA = 210NA = 1NA = 310NA = 2NA = 18NA = 18NA = 19NA = 20
    OtherM = 210M = 3M = 210M = 3M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
    identifiedQ = 1810Q = 18Q = 1410Q = 13Q = 2Q = 2Q = 2Q = 2
    countries (26)A = 410A = 4A = 310A = 4A = 5A = 6A = 2A = 4
    NA = 310NA = 1NA = 810NA = 6NA = 19NA = 18NA = 22NA = 20
    OtherM = 1M = 1M = 1M = 1M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
    unidentifiedQ = 2Q = 3Q = 2Q = 3Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0
    countries (5)SA = 1SA = 1SA = 1SA = 1SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
    A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 1A = 0A = 1
    NA = 1NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 5NA = 4NA = 5NA = 4
    Total (61)M = 1810M = 22M = 1810M = 22M = 1M = 1M = 1M = 1
    Q = 3410Q = 32Q = 2910Q = 26Q = 4Q = 5Q = 4Q = 4
    SA = 110SA = 1SA = 110SA = 1SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
    A = 810A = 4A = 710A = 4A = 14A = 15A = 10A = 12
    NA = 610NA = 2NA = 1210NA = 8NA = 42NA = 40NA = 46NA = 44
    M = Monthly.Q = Quarterly.SA = Semiannual.A = Annual.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Austria: M = income on equity and income on debt. Q = reinvested earnings.

    Belgium: M = income on equity and income on debt. A = reinvested earnings.

    Czech Republic: Q = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity and income on debt.

    Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Norway: M = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity and income on debt.

    Norway: M = reinvested earnings. A = income on equity. (Data on income on debt are not compiled at present.)

    Philippines and Switzerland: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

    Slovenia: M = income on equity. A = reinvested earnings. (Data on income on debt are not compiled at present.)

    Switzerland: Q = income on equity and income on debt. A = reinvested earnings.

    Data will not add to totals as some countries have different periodicities for the different components of their most timely FDI income data.

    Table 4.Periodicity of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated
    Periodicity of Most Timely Position DataPeriodicity of Most Comprehensive Position Data
    InwardOutwardInwardOutward
    CountryEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capital
    ArgentinaQQQQAAQQ
    AustraliaQQQQQQQQ
    AustriaAAAANANANANA
    BelgiumAAAANANANANA
    BoliviaAAA1NANANANANA
    BotswanaAAAAAAAA
    CanadaAAAANANANANA
    ChileNANANANANANANANA
    ColombiaSANASA2NANANANANA
    Costa RicaNANANANANANANANA
    CroatiaNANANANANANANANA
    Czech RepublicQQQQAAAA
    DenmarkAAAANANANANA
    EcuadorNANANANANANANANA
    EstoniaQQQQNANANANA
    FinlandQQQQAAAA
    FranceAAAAAAAA
    GermanyAAAANANANANA
    GreeceAAAANANANANA
    GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SARAAAANANANANA
    HungaryM2MM2MNANANANA
    IcelandQQQQAAAA
    IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
    IrelandNANANANANANANANA
    IsraelQQQQNANAAA
    ItalyAAAANANANANA
    JapanAAAANANANANA
    KazakhstanQQQ2QNANANANA
    KoreaNANANANANANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
    LatviaQQQQNANANANA
    LuxembourgAAAANANANANA
    MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
    MexicoAANANANANANANA
    NetherlandsAAAANANANANA
    New ZealandQQQQNANANANA
    NigeriaNANANANANANANANA
    NorwayAAAANANANANA
    PeruQNAA2NAQNANANA
    PhilippinesNANANANANANANANA
    PolandAAAANANANANA
    PortugalQ and AQ and AQ and AQ and ANANANANA
    RussiaQ3Q3Q3Q3NANANANA
    SingaporeAAAANANANANA
    Slovak RepublicAAAANANANANA
    SloveniaAAAANANANANA
    South AfricaAAAANANANANA
    SpainQQQQNANANANA
    SwedenAAAAAAAA
    SwitzerlandAAAANANANANA
    ThailandNAAA2NANANANANA
    TunisiaNAAA2NANANANANA
    TurkeyNANANANANANANANA
    United KingdomQQQQAAAA
    United StatesAAAANANANANA
    OECDM = 14M = 14M = 14M = 14M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
    countries (30)Q = 84Q = 84Q = 84Q = 84Q = 1Q = 1Q = 1Q = 1
    SA = 04SA = 04SA = 04SA = 04SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
    A = 194A = 194A = 184A = 184A = 6A = 6A = 6A = 6
    NA = 34NA = 34NA = 44NA = 44NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
    OtherM = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
    identifiedQ = 7Q = 6Q = 6Q = 6Q = 1Q = 0Q = 1Q = 1
    countries (26)SA = 1SA = 0SA = 1SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
    A = 6A = 8A = 9A = 5A = 2A = 2A = 2A = 2
    NA = 12NA = 12NA = 10NA = 15NA = 23NA = 24NA = 23NA = 23
    OtherM = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
    unidentifiedQ = 2Q = 2Q = 1Q = 1Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0Q = 0
    countries (5)SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
    A = 2A = 1A = 2A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0A = 0
    NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 4NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
    Total (61)M = 14M = 14M = 14M = 14M = 0M = 0M = 0M = 0
    Q = 174Q = 164Q = 154Q = 154Q = 2Q = 1Q = 2Q = 2
    SA = 14SA = 04SA = 14SA = 04SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0SA = 0
    A = 274A = 284A = 294A = 234A = 8A = 8A = 8A = 8
    NA = 164NA = 174NA = 164NA = 234NA = 51NA = 52NA = 51NA = 51
    M = Monthly.Q = Quarterly.SA = Semiannual.A = Annual.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Bolivia: Data cover reinvested earnings only.

    Colombia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Peru, Thailand, and Tunisia: Data cover equity capital only.

    Russia: Data cover the banking sector only.

    Data will not add to totals as one country has more than one periodicity for its most timely data.

    Table 5.Data Reported to International Organizations: Transactions Data
    Timeliness of Most Timely Transactions DataTimeliness of Most Comprehensive Transactions Data
    InwardOutwardInwardOutward
    CountryDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flowsDirect investment incomeDirect investment financial flows
    Argentina3M3M3M3M18-24M18-24M18-24M18-24M
    Australia9W9W9W9W22W22W22W22W
    Austria6-7W/3M16-7W6-7W/3M16-7W6M6M6M6M
    Belgium12-20W/9M212-20W12-20W/9M212-20WNANANANA
    Bolivia2M2M2MNANANANANA
    Botswana1M1M1M1M9M9M9M9M
    Canada8W8W8W8WNANANANA
    Chile23D23D23D23D9M9M9M9M
    Colombia3M3M3M3M9M9M9M9M
    Costa Rica10W10W10W10WNANANANA
    Croatia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
    Czech Republic10-11W10-11W10-11W10-11W14M14M4M14M
    DenmarkNA8WNA8WNANANANA
    Ecuador70D70DNANA70D70DNANA
    Estonia12W12W2W12WNANANANA
    Finland3M6W3M6W9M9M9M9M
    France6W6W6W6WNANANANA
    Germany6W6W6W6WNANANANA
    Greece12W12W12W12WNANANANA
    Guatemala3M3M3MNANANANANA
    Hong Kong SAR3M3M3M3MNANANANA
    Hungary7W7W7W7WNANANANA
    Iceland10W10W10W10W10M10M10M10M
    Indonesia6M6MNANANANANANA
    Ireland3M3M3M3MNANANANA
    Israel4W4W4W4WNANANANA
    Italy6W6W6W6W12W12W12W12W
    Japan6W6W6W6WNANANANA
    Kazakhstan3M3MNA3MNANANANA
    Korea1-2M1-2M1-2M1-2MNANANANA
    KuwaitNA4MNA4MNA6MNA6M
    Latvia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
    Luxembourg3NANANANANANANANA
    Malaysia4MNA4MNANANANANA
    Mexico8W8WNANA12M12MNANA
    Netherlands12W12W12W12WNANANANA
    New Zealand13W13W13W13WNANANANA
    Nigeria1M1MNANANANANANA
    Norway7W/9M47W7W/15M47WNANANANA
    Peru8W8WNA30M18M18MNANA
    Philippines3M3M3M3M12MNANANA
    Poland1M1M1M1M9M9M9M9M
    Portugal6W6W6W6WNANANANA
    Russia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
    SingaporeNA2MNA2MNA15MNA15M
    Slovak Republic3M3M3M3M6M6M6M6M
    Slovenia7W7W7W7WNANANANA
    South Africa12W12W12W12WNANANANA
    Spain12W8W12W8WNA6MNANA
    Sweden7W7W7W7W11MNA11MNA
    Switzerland3M3M3M3M9M9M9M9M
    ThailandNA2MNA2MNANANANA
    Tunisia6M6M6M6MNANANANA
    Turkey10W10W10W10WNANANANA
    United Kingdom12W12W12W12W50W50W50W50W
    United States10W10W10W10WNANANANA
    OECD–3M = 185–3M = 21–3M = 175–3M = 20–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
    countries (30)3–6M = 1153–6M = 83–6M = 1153–6M = 83–6M = 43–6M = 53–6M = 43–6M = 4
    6–12M = 256–12M = 06–12M = 156–12M = 06–12M = 76–12M = 66–12M = 66–12M = 5
    12+M = 0512+M = 012+M = 1512+M = 012+M = 112+M = 112+M = 112+M = 1
    NA = 25NA = 1NA = 35NA = 2NA = 18NA = 18NA = 19NA = 20
    Other–3M = 9–3M = 11–3M = 6–3M = 7–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0
    identified3–6M = 143–6M = 143–6M = 123–6M = 123–6M = 03–6M = 13–6M = 03–6M = 1
    countries (26)6–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 46–12M = 36–12M = 36–12M = 3
    12+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 112+M = 212+M = 312+M = 112+M = 2
    NA = 3NA = 1NA = 8NA = 6NA = 19NA = 18NA = 22NA = 20
    Other–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
    unidentified3–6M = 33–6M = 43–6M = 33–6M = 43–6M = 03–6M = 03–6M = 03–6M = 0
    countries (5)6–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 06–12M = 0
    12+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 112+M = 012+M = 1
    NA = 1NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 5NA = 4NA = 5NA = 4
    Total (61)–3M = 285–3M = 33–3M = 245–3M = 28–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0
    3–6M = 2853–6M = 263–6M = 2653–6M = 243–6M = 43–6M = 63–6M = 43–6M = 5
    6–12M = 256–12M = 06–12M = 156–12M = 06–12M = 116–12M = 96–12M = 96–12M = 8
    12+M = 0512+M = 012+M = 1512+M = 112+M = 312+M = 512+M = 212+M = 4
    NA = 65NA = 2NA = 125NA = 8NA = 42NA = 40NA = 46NA = 44
    –3M = Timeliness of less than 3 months; i.e., less than 12 weeks.3–6M = Timeliness of 3 to 6 months.6–12M = Timeliness of more than 6 months to 12 months.12+M = Timeliness of more than 12 months.Source: 2001 update of joint 1MF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Austria: 6–7 weeks for the data on income on equity and income on debt and 3 months for the data on reinvested earnings.

    Belgium: 12–20 weeks for the data on income on equity and income on debt and 9 months for the data on reinvested earnings.

    Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo–Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Norway: 7 weeks for the data on reinvested earnings, 9 months for the inward data on income on equity and income on debt, and 15 months for the outward data on income on equity. (Outward data on income on debt [interest] are not compiled.)

    Data will not add to totals as some countries have differing timeliness for the different components of their most timely FDI income data.

    Table 6.Timeliness of Most Timely and Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated
    Timeliness of Most Timely Position DataTimeliness of Most Comprehensive Position Data
    InwardOutwardInwardOutward
    CountryEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capitalEquity capital and reinvested earningsOther capital
    Argentina3M3M3M3M18–24M18–24M18–24M18–24M
    Australia9W9W9W9W22W22W22W22W
    Austria18M18M18M18MNANANANA
    Belgium9M9M9M9MNANANANA
    Bolivia6M6M6MNANANANANA
    Botswana1M1M1M1M9M9M9M9M
    Canada10W10W10W10WNANANANA
    ChileNANANANANANANANA
    Colombia6MNA6MNANANANANA
    Costa RicaNANANANANANANANA
    CroatiaNANANANANANANANA
    Czech Republic12–14W12–14W12–14W12–14W16M16M16M16M
    Denmark40–52W40–52W40–52W40–52WNANANANA
    EcuadorNANANANANANANANA
    Estonia12W12W12W12WNANANANA
    FinlandApprox.3MApprox.3M11W11W9M9M9M9M
    France6M6M6M6M18M18M18M18M
    Germany17M17M17M17MNANANANA
    Greece36W36W36W36WNANANANA
    GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SAR12M12M12M12MNANANANA
    Hungary7W7W7W7WNANANANA
    Iceland10W10W10W10W10M10M10M10M
    IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
    IrelandNANANANANANANANA
    Israel4M4M4M4MNANA6M6M
    Italy4.5M4.5M4.5M4.5MNANANANA
    Japan5M5M5M5MNANANANA
    Kazakhstan3M3M3M3MNANANANA
    KoreaNANANANANANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
    LatviaApprox.3MApprox. 3MApprox. 3MApprox. 3MNANANANA
    Luxembourg18M18M18M18MNANANANA
    MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
    Mexico12M12MNANANANANANA
    Netherlands9M9M9M9MNANANANA
    New Zealand13W13W13W13WNANANANA
    NigeriaNANANANANANANANA
    Norway9M9M15M15MNANANANA
    Peru8WNA30MNA18MNANANA
    PhilippinesNANANANANANANANA
    Poland9M9M9M9MNANANANA
    Portugal7–8W7–8W7–8W7–8WNANANANA
    Russia3M3M3M3MNANANANA
    Singapore6M6M6M6MNANANANA
    Slovak Republic6M6M6M6MNANANANA
    Slovenia6M6M6M6MNANANANA
    South Africa12M12M12M12MNANANANA
    Spain4M4M4M4MNANANANA
    Sweden6W6W6W6W11M11M11M11M
    Switzerland12M12M12M12MNANANANA
    ThailandNA6M6MNANANANANA
    TunisiaNA6M6MNANANANANA
    TurkeyNANANANANANANANA
    United Kingdom12W12W12W12W50W50W50W50W
    United States6M6M6M6MNANANANA
    OECD–3M = 6–3M = 6–3M = 7–3M = 7–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
    countries (30)3-6M = 103-6M = 103-6M = 93-6M = 93-6M = 13-6M = 13-6M = 13-6M = 1
    6-12M = 86-12M = 86-12M = 66-12M = 66-12M = 46-12M = 46-12M = 46-12M = 4
    12+M = 312+M = 312+M = 412+M = 412+M = 212+M = 212+M = 212+M = 2
    NA = 3NA = 3NA = 4NA = 4NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
    Other–3M = 2–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 1–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
    identified3-6M = 103-6M = 113-6M = 123-6M = 83-6M = 03-6M = 03-6M = 13-6M = 1
    countries (26)6-12M = 26-12M = 26-12M = 26-12M = 26-12M = 16-12M = 16-12M = 16-12M = 1
    12+M = 012+M = 012+M = 112+M = 012+M = 212+M = 112+M = 112+M = 1
    NA = 12NA = 12NA = 10NA = 15NA = 23NA = 24NA = 23NA = 23
    Other–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
    unidentified3-6M = 33-6M = 23-6M = 23-6M = 13-6M = 03-6M = 03-6M = 03-6M = 0
    countries (5)6-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 06-12M = 0
    12+M = 112+M = 112+M = 112+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 012+M = 0
    NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 4NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
    Total (61)–3M = 8–3M = 7–3M = 8–3M = 8–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0–3M = 0
    3-6M = 233-6M = 233-6M = 233-6M = 183-6M = 13-6M = 13-6M = 23-6M = 2
    6-12M =106-12M =106-12M = 86-12M = 86-12M = 56-12M = 56-12M = 56-12M = 5
    12+M = 412+M = 412+M = 612+M = 412+M = 412+M = 312+M = 312+M = 3
    NA = 16NA = 17NA = 16NA = 23NA = 51NA = 52NA = 51NA = 51
    –3M = Timeliness of less than 3 months; i.e., less than 12 weeks.3-6M = Timeliness of 3 to 6 months.6-12M = Timeliness of more than 6 months to 12 months.12+M = Timeliness of more than 12 months.Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI)
    Table 7.Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Transactions Data Disseminated
    Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)
    CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
    Argentina
    XXXXXX
    1
    1
    Australia
    XXXXXX
    2
    2
    Austria
    3
    3
    XXXXXX
    BelgiumXX
    XXXXXX
    Bolivia
    XXXXXXXX
    Botswana
    XXXXXXXX
    Canada
    XXXXXXXX
    ChileXXXX
    XX
    1
    1
    ColombiaXXXX
    XXXX
    Costa Rica
    XXXXXXXX
    Croatia
    XXXXXXXX
    Czech RepublicXXXX
    XXXX
    Denmark
    3
    3
    XXXXXX
    Ecuador
    NAXNAXNAXNA
    4
    NA
    Estonia
    XXXXXXXX
    Finland
    XXXXXXXX
    FranceXX
    XXXXXX
    GermanyXX
    XXXXXX
    GreeceXX
    XXXXXX
    GuatemalaXXXX
    XX
    5
    5
    Hong Kong SAR
    XXXXXXXX
    HungaryXX
    XXXXXX
    IcelandXXXXXXXX
    6
    6
    IndonesiaXNAXNAXNAXNA
    7
    NA
    Ireland
    XXXXXXXX
    IsraelXX
    XXXXXX
    Italy
    XXXXXX
    Japan
    XXXXXX
    Kazakhstan
    XXXXXX
    8
    X
    KoreaXXXX
    XXXX
    KuwaitXX
    XXXXXX
    Latvia
    XXXXXX
    9
    10
    Luxembourg11NANANANANANANANANANA
    Malaysia
    XXXXXXXX
    MexicoXNAXNA
    NAXNAXNA
    Netherlands
    3
    3
    XXXXXX
    New Zealand
    XXXXXXXX
    Nigeria
    NAXNAXNAXNAXNA
    Norway
    12
    12
    XXXXXX
    Peru
    XXXXXXXX
    Philippines
    XXXX
    13
    X
    PolandXX
    XXXXXX
    Portugal
    14
    14
    XXXXXX
    Russia
    XX
    15
    15
    Singapore
    XXXXXXXX
    Slovak Republic
    XXXXXX
    16
    16
    Slovenia
    XXXXXX
    South Africa
    XXXXXXXX
    SpainXX
    XXXXXX
    SwedenXX
    XXXX
    17
    17
    Switzerland
    XXXXXXXX
    ThailandXX
    XXXXXX
    TunisiaXX
    XXXX
    18
    X
    TurkeyXX
    XXXXXX
    United Kingdom
    XXXXXXXX
    United States
    XXXXXXXX
    OECDY = 16Y = 16Y = 16Y = 16Y = 3Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 4Y = 4
    countries (30)N = 13N = 12N = 13N = 12N = 26N = 26N = 29N = 28N = 25N = 24
    NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2
    OtherY = 18Y = 16Y = 6Y = 6Y = 4Y = 4Y = 1Y = 1Y = 10Y = 5
    identifiedN = 8N = 7N = 20N = 17N = 22N = 19N = 25N = 22N = 16N = 18
    countries (26)NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3
    OtherY = 2Y = 2Y = 3Y = 3Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 3N = 3N = 2N = 2N = 3N = 3N = 5N = 5N = 5N = 5
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Total (61)Y = 36Y = 34Y = 25Y = 25Y = 9Y = 8Y = 1Y = 1Y = 14Y = 9
    N = 24N = 22N = 35N = 31N = 51N = 48N = 59N = 55N = 46N = 47
    NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5NA = 1NA = 5
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Argentina and Chile: Published sources, such as company accounts.

    Australia: Press reports are used when estimating for nonresponse to enterprise surveys.

    Austria, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, and Slovenia: Surveys are used only for data on reinvested earnings.

    Ecuador: Information obtained from Ministry of Mines and Superintendence of Companies.

    Guatemala: Company reports are used for the data on reinvested earnings.

    Iceland: Company accounts and press reports.

    Indonesia: Data from the External Debt Report and estimates based on a 1996 benchmark survey.

    Kazakhstan: Information from the Ministry of Finance on sales of shares and real estate belonging to government authorities.

    Latvia: Inward Data: Information from the Financial and Capital Market Commission and the State Enterprise register.

    Latvia: Outward Data: Banking data compiled by the Bank of Latvia.

    Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Norway: Surveys are used only for data on FDI income.

    Philippines:Administrative data on registered loans.

    Portugal: Biennial surveys are used for the revised data on reinvested earnings and trade credits.

    Russia: Reports of banks and data provided by the Russian Federal Fund of Property.

    Slovak Republic: Reports of banks.

    Sweden: Direct reporting of selected enterprises.

    Tunisia: Customs data on noncash transactions.

    Table 8.Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Transactions Data Disseminated
    Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)
    CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
    Argentina
    XXXXXX
    1
    1
    Australia
    XXXXXXXX
    Austria
    XXXXXXXX
    BelgiumNANANANANANANANANANA
    BoliviaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Botswana
    XXXXXXXX
    CanadaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Chile
    XX
    XXXX
    ColombiaXXXX
    XXXX
    Costa RicaNANANANANANANANANANA
    CroatiaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Czech Republic
    XXXXXXXX
    DenmarkNANANANANANANANANANA
    Ecuador
    NAXNAXNAXNA
    2
    NA
    EstoniaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Finland
    XXXXXXXX
    FranceNANANANANANANANANANA
    GermanyNANANANANANANANANANA
    GreeceNANANANANANANANANANA
    GuatemalaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SARNANANANANANANANANANA
    HungaryNANANANANANANANANANA
    Iceland
    XXXXXXXX
    IndonesiaNANANANANANANANANANA
    IrelandNANANANANANANANANANA
    IsraelNANANANANANANANANANA
    Italy
    3
    3
    XXXXXX
    JapanNANANANANANANANANANA
    KazakhstanNANANANANANANANANANA
    KoreaNANANANANANANANANANA
    KuwaitXX
    XXXXXX
    LatviaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Luxembourg4NANANANANANANANANANA
    MalaysiaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Mexico
    NAXNAXNAXNAXNA
    NetherlandsNANANANANANANANANANA
    New ZealandNANANANANANANANANANA
    NigeriaNANANANANANANANANANA
    NorwayNANANANANANANANANANA
    Peru
    NAXNAXNAXNAXNA
    PhilippinesXNAXNAXNAXNA
    5
    NA
    Poland
    XXXXXXXX
    PortugalNANANANANANANANANANA
    RussiaNANANANANANANANANANA
    Singapore
    XXXXXXXX
    Slovak Republic
    XXXXXXXX
    SloveniaNANANANANANANANANANA
    South AfricaNANANANANANANANANANA
    SpainXNA
    NAXNAXNA
    6
    NA
    Sweden
    XXXXXXXX
    Switzerland
    XXXXXXXX
    ThailandNANANANANANANANANANA
    TunisiaNANANANANANANANANANA
    TurkeyNANANANANANANANANANA
    United Kingdom
    XXXXXXXX
    United StatesNANANANANANANANANANA
    OECDY = 12Y = 11Y = 2Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0
    Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Transactions Da">countries (30)N = 1N = 0N = 11N = 10N = 13N = 11N = 13N = 11N = 12N = 11
    NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19NA = 17NA = 19
    OtherY = 6Y = 4Y = 1Y = 1Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 3Y = 1
    identifiedN = 3N = 2N = 8N = 5N = 7N = 4N = 9N = 6N = 6N = 5
    countries (26)NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20NA = 17NA = 20
    OtherY = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 0N = 0N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1N = 1
    countries (5)NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4NA = 4
    Total (61)Y = 19Y = 16Y = 3Y = 2Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 4Y = 1
    N = 4N = 2N = 20N = 16N = 21N = 16N = 23N = 18N = 19N = 17
    NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43NA = 38NA = 43
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Argentina: Company accounts.

    Ecuador: Information obtained from the Ministry of Mines and the Superintendence of Companies.

    Italy: Enterprise surveys are used only for the estimates of reinvested earnings.

    Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Philippines: Company financial statements obtained from the Securities Exchange Commission.

    Spain: Data on negotiable securities provided by the Ministry of Finance.

    Table 9.Primary Data Sources: Most Timely Position Data Disseminated
    Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)Use of Perpetual Inventory Method
    CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
    Argentina
    1
    XXXXXXX
    2
    X
    Australia
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Austria
    3
    3
    XXXXXX
    3
    3
    BelgiumXX
    XXXXXX
    Bolivia
    1
    1
    XXXXXXXX
    Botswana
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Canada
    XXXXXXXXXX
    ChileNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    ColombiaXXXX
    XXXX
    Costa RicaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    CroatiaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    Czech RepublicXXXXXXXXXXX
    Denmark
    4
    4
    XXXXXX
    4
    4
    EcuadorNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    Estonia
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Finland
    5
    5
    XXXXXXXX
    5
    5
    FranceXX
    XXXX
    6
    X
    Germany
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Greece
    XXXXXXXX
    7
    7
    GuatemalaNANANANANANANA
    NANANANA
    Hong Kong SAR
    XXXXXXXXXX
    HungaryXX
    8
    8
    XXXX
    9
    X
    8
    8
    IcelandXXXXXXXX
    10
    10
    XX
    IndonesiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    IrelandNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    IsraelXXXXXXXX
    11
    11
    12
    12
    ItalyXX
    XXXXXXX
    Japan
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Kazakhstan
    XXXXXXXXXX
    KoreaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    Latvia
    XXXXXX
    13
    13
    14
    14
    Luxembourg
    XXXXXXXXXX
    MalaysiaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    Mexico
    NAXNAXNAXXNAXNAX
    Netherlands
    XXXXXXX
    New Zealand
    XXXXXXXXXX
    NigeriaNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    Norway
    XXXXXXXXXX
    PeruX
    1
    XXXXXXXX
    PhilippinesNANANANANANANAXNANANANA
    Poland
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Portugal
    15
    15
    XXXXXXX
    RussiaXXXXXXXX
    16
    16
    XX
    Singapore
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Slovak Republic
    XXXXXXXXXX
    Slovenia
    XXXXXXXXX×
    South Africa
    XXXXXXXXX×
    SpainXX
    17
    17
    XXXX
    18
    18
    17
    17
    Sweden
    XXXXXXXX
    19
    19
    Switzerland
    XXXXXXXXXX
    ThailandXX
    XXXXXX
    TunisiaXX
    XXXXX
    TurkeyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    United Kingdom
    XXXXXXXX
    20
    20
    United States
    XXXXXXXX
    21
    21
    OECDY = 20Y = 19Y = 9Y = 9Y = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 4Y = 2Y = 15Y = 15
    countries (30)N = 7N = 7N = 18N = 17N = 26N = 25N = 27N = 26N = 23N = 24N = 12N = 11
    NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4NA = 3NA = 4
    OtherY = 10Y = 11Y = 2Y = 2Y = 3Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 3Y = 4Y = 8Y = 7
    identifiedN = 6N = 5N = 14N = 14N = 13N = 14N = 16N = 16N = 13N = 12N = 8N = 9
    countries (26)NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10
    OtherY = 4Y = 3Y = 1Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 0N = 0N = 3N = 3N = 3N = 3N = 4N = 3N = 4N = 3N = 3N = 3
    countries (5)NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2
    Total (61)Y = 34Y = 33Y = 12Y = 11Y = 5Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0Y = 7Y = 6Y = 24Y = 22
    N = 13N = 12N = 35N = 34N = 42N = 42N = 47N = 45N = 40N = 39N = 23N = 23
    NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16NA = 14NA = 16
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru: Surveys of transactions, not positions.

    Argentina: Balance sheets of a sample of enterprises.

    Austria: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for real estate only.

    Denmark: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for preliminary estimates only.

    Finland: Enterprise surveys for equity capital and reinvested earnings are of transactions, not positions. Perpetual inventory method used for data on equity capital and reinvested earnings only.

    France: Internal and external databases.

    Greece: Perpetual inventory method used for preliminary estimates only.

    Hungary: ITRS and perpetual inventory method used for the data disseminated by the National Bank of Hungary.

    Hungary: Corporation tax declarations used for the data disseminated by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office.

    lceland: Company accounts and press reports.

    Israel: Direct reporting system covering the banking sector and data from the Bank Supervisor.

    Israel: Perpetual inventory method used for banking sector data only.

    Latvia: Data from Financial and Capital Market Commission and State Enterprise Register for inward data and banking statistics from the Bank of Latvia for the outward data.

    Latvia: Perpetual inventory method used for only parts of the data.

    Portugal: Biennial survey used for the final data only.

    Russia: Data obtained from banks.

    Spain: ITRS and perpetual inventory method are used for nonbanking sectors only.

    Spain: Balance sheets of banks for the banking sector data.

    Sweden: Perpetual inventory method used for adjusting the survey data for the previous year.

    United Kingdom: Perpetual inventory method used for the equity capital data only.

    United States: Perpetual inventory method used for the data compiled on a current cost basis only.

    Table 10.Primary Data Sources: Most Comprehensive Position Data Disseminated
    Enterprise SurveysInternational Transactions Reporting System (ITRS)Exchange Control or Investment Approval AuthoritiesBilateral SourcesOther (Published Sources, Press Reports, etc.)Use of Perpetual Inventory Method
    CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
    ArgentinaXXXXXXXX
    1
    1
    XX
    Australia
    XXXXXXXXXX
    AustriaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    BelgiumNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    BoliviaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Botswana
    XXXXXXXXXX
    CanadaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    ChileNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    ColombiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Costa RicaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    CroatiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Czech Republic
    XXXXXXXXXX
    DenmarkNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    EcuadorNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    EstoniaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Finland
    XXXXXXXXXX
    France
    2
    2
    XXXXXX
    3
    3
    XX
    GermanyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    GreeceNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    GuatemalaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SARNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    HungaryNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Iceland
    XXXXXXXXXX
    IndonesiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    IrelandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    IsraelNAXNAXNAXNAXNA
    4
    NAX
    ItalyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    JapanNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    KazakhstanNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    KoreaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    LatviaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    LuxembourgNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    MalaysiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    MexicoNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    NetherlandsNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    New ZealandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    NigeriaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    NorwayNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    PeruXNAXNA
    NAXNA
    NA
    PhilippinesNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    PolandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    PortugalNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    RussiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    SingaporeNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Slovak RepublicNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    SloveniaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    South AfricaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    SpainNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    Sweden
    XXXXXXXXXX
    SwitzerlandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    ThailandNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    TunisiaNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    TurkeyNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    United Kingdom
    XXXXXXXXXX
    United StatesNANANANANANANANANANANANA
    OECDY = 7Y = 7Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0
    countries (30)N = 0N = 0N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 7N = 6N = 6N = 7N = 7
    NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
    OtherY = 1Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 2Y = 1Y = 0
    identifiedN = 2N = 2N = 3N = 3N = 2N = 3N = 3N = 3N = 2N = 1N = 2N = 3
    countries (26)NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23NA = 23
    OtherY = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0N = 0
    countries (5)NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
    Total (61)Y = 8Y = 8Y = 0Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 2Y= 3Y = 1Y = 0
    N = 2N = 2N = 10N = 10N = 9N = 10N =10N = 10N = 8N = 7N = 9N = 10
    NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51NA = 51
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Argentina: Company balance sheets.

    France: Enterprise surveys are used for the data on other capital only.

    France: Published sources, such as company accounts, are used for the data on equity capital and reinvested earnings.

    Israel: Direct reporting of transactions data covering all sectors.

    Table 11.Geographic Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data
    Countries Compiling Geographic Breakdowns of Direct Investment Data
    Inward transactions dataOutward transactions data
    CountryIncome dataFinancial flows dataInward position dataIncome dataFinancial flows dataOutward position data
    Argentina
    XXX
    Australia
    Austria
    BelgiumX
    XX
    X
    BoliviaX
    XXXX
    BotswanaX
    Canada
    Chile
    1
    1
    NA
    2
    2
    NA
    ColombiaX
    XX
    X
    Costa RicaX
    NAXXNA
    CroatiaX
    3
    X
    3
    Czech Republic
    Denmark
    EcuadorX
    XNANANA
    EstoniaX
    X
    Finland
    France
    Germany
    Greece
    GuatemalaXXNAXXNA
    Hong Kong SAR
    HungaryX
    X
    X
    Iceland
    IndonesiaXXNANANANA
    Ireland
    X
    X
    Israel
    4
    4
    4
    4
    4
    4
    Italy
    Japan
    Kazakhstan
    X
    KoreaXXNAXXNA
    KuwaitNAXNANAXNA
    Latvia
    LuxembourgNA5NA5
    NA5NA5
    MalaysiaXXXXXX
    Mexico
    NANANA
    Netherlands
    New Zealand
    6
    6
    Nigeria
    NANANANA
    Norway
    PeruXXXXXX
    PhilippinesX
    NAX
    Poland
    Portugal
    Russia
    SingaporeX
    X
    Slovak Republic
    SloveniaX
    7
    X
    7
    South AfricaXX
    XX
    Spain
    X
    X
    Sweden
    Switzerland
    ThailandX
    XX
    X
    Tunisia
    X
    X
    TurkeyX
    NAXXNA
    United Kingdom
    United States
    OECDY = 25Y = 28Y = 25Y = 24Y = 26Y = 23
    countries (30)N = 4N = 1N = 3N = 4N = 2N = 4
    NA = 1NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 3
    OtherY = 9Y = 20Y = 12Y = 6Y = 15Y = 11
    identifiedN = 16N = 6N = 7N = 16N = 8N = 7
    countries (26)NA = 1NA = 0NA = 7NA = 4NA = 3NA = 8
    OtherY = 3Y = 5Y = 4Y = 2Y = 2Y = 3
    unidentifiedN = 2N = 0N = 0N = 3N = 3N = 0
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 0NA = 2
    Total (61)Y = 37Y = 53Y = 41Y = 32Y = 43Y = 37
    N = 22N = 7N = 10N = 23N = 13N = 11
    NA = 2NA = 1NA = 10NA = 6NA = 5NA = 13
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Chile: Data disseminated by the Foreign Investment Committee and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile.

    Chile: Data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile but compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by that organization.

    Croatia: Position data are compiled but not disseminated.

    Israel: Coverage differs from the aggregate FDI data.

    Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    New Zealand: Data are compiled and are available on request.

    Slovenia: Data compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data.

    Table 12.Geographic Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Country Data
    Allocation Basis/Principle Used to Compile Geographic Breakdowns of Direct Investment Data
    Transactions dataPosition data
    Debtor/creditor principleTransactor principleImmediate country basisUltimate country basis
    CountryInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutwardInwardOutward
    Argentina
    NAXNA
    NAXNA
    AustraliaXX
    XX
    Austria
    XX
    XX
    BelgiumXX
    NANANANA
    Bolivia
    NAXNANANANANA
    BotswanaXX
    XX
    Canada
    XX
    XX
    Chile
    XXNANANANA
    Colombia
    XXNANANANA
    Costa Rica
    NAXNANANANANA
    Croatia
    XX
    1
    1
    1
    1
    Czech Republic
    XX
    XX
    Denmark
    XX
    Ecuador
    NAXNANANANANA
    Estonia
    XX
    2
    2
    Finland
    XX
    XX
    France
    XX
    XX
    Germany
    XX
    XX
    GreeceXX
    XX
    GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SAR
    XX
    XX
    Hungary
    XX
    NAXNA
    Iceland
    XX
    XX
    IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
    Ireland
    XXNANANANA
    Israel
    XX
    XX
    ItalyX
    X
    XX
    Japan
    XX
    XX
    Kazakhstan
    XX
    XX
    KoreaNANANANANANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
    Latvia
    XX
    XX
    LuxembourgNA3NA3NA3NA3
    4
    4
    MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
    Mexico
    NAXNA
    NAXNA
    Netherlands
    XX
    XX
    New Zealand
    XX
    XX
    NigeriaXNA
    NANANANANA
    Norway
    XX
    XX
    PeruNANANANANANANANA
    PhilippinesXX
    NANANANA
    Poland
    XX
    XX
    Portugal
    XX
    5
    5X
    Russia
    XX
    XX
    Singapore
    XX
    XX
    Slovak Republic
    XX
    XX
    Slovenia
    XX
    XX
    South AfricaNANANANA
    XX
    Spain
    XXNANANANA
    Sweden
    XX
    XX
    Switzerland
    XX
    XX
    Thailand
    XXNANANANA
    Tunisia
    XXNANANANA
    Turkey
    NAXNANANANANA
    United Kingdom
    XX
    XX
    United States
    XX
    OECDY = 24Y = 23Y = 4Y = 3Y = 25Y = 23Y = 4Y = 2
    countries (30)N = 4N = 3N = 24N = 23N = 0N = 0N = 21N = 21
    NA = 2NA = 4NA = 2NA = 4NA = 5NA = 7NA = 5NA = 7
    OtherY = 17Y = 13Y = 3Y = 2Y = 12Y = 11Y = 1Y = 1
    identifiedN = 3N = 2N = 17N = 13N = 0N = 0N = 11N = 10
    countries (26)NA = 6NA = 11NA = 6NA = 11NA = 14NA = 15NA = 14NA =15
    OtherY = 2Y = 2Y = 3Y = 0Y = 4Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 3N = 0N = 2N = 2N = 0N = 0N = 4N = 3
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 3NA = 0NA = 3NA = 1NA = 2NA = 1NA = 2
    Total (61)Y = 43Y = 38Y = 10Y = 5Y = 41Y = 37Y = 5Y = 3
    N = 10N = 5N = 43N = 38N = 0N = 0N = 36N = 34
    NA = 8NA = 18NA = 8NA = 18NA = 20NA = 24NA = 20NA = 24
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Croatia: Position data are compiled but not disseminated.

    Estonia: Inward and outward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

    uxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Luxembourg: Inward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled by the national statistical agency, Service Central de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (STATEC), and disseminated by the OECD and Eurostat but not in the national publications. Outward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

    Portugal: Inward data on an ultimate country basis are compiled but not disseminated.

    Table 13.Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Availability of Data for Direct Investment Income, Financial Flows, and Position Data
    Countries Compiling Industrial Sector Breakdowns of Direct Investment Data
    Inward dataOutward data
    CountryIncome dataFinancial flows dataPosition dataIncome dataFinancial flows dataPosition data
    Argentina
    X
    XX
    Australia
    XXX
    Austria
    BelgiumX
    XX
    BoliviaX
    XXXX
    Botswana
    Canada
    Chile
    1
    1
    NA
    2
    2
    Colombia
    Costa RicaX
    NAXXNA
    CroatiaX
    X
    Czech Republic
    DenmarkX
    X
    Ecuador
    XNANANA
    EstoniaX
    X
    Finland
    FranceX
    X
    Germany
    Greece
    GuatemalaXXNAXXNA
    Hong Kong SAR
    HungaryX
    X
    Iceland
    IndonesiaXXNANANANA
    IrelandXXXXXX
    Israel
    3
    3
    3
    3
    3
    3
    Italy
    JapanXXXXXX
    Kazakhstan
    X
    KoreaXXNAXXNA
    KuwaitNAXNANAXNA
    Latvia
    LuxembourgNA4NA4
    NA4NA4
    MalaysiaXXXXXX
    Mexico
    NANANA
    Netherlands
    New ZealandXXXXXX
    Nigeria
    NANANANA
    Norway
    PeruX
    XXXX
    PhilippinesXXNAXXNA
    Poland
    Portugal
    RussiaX
    5
    5
    5
    5
    5
    SingaporeX
    X
    Slovak Republic
    Slovenia
    6
    6
    6
    6
    South AfricaXX
    XXX
    SpainX
    XX
    Sweden
    7
    7
    Switzerland
    ThailandX
    X
    TunisiaX
    XXXX
    TurkeyX
    NAXXNA
    United Kingdom
    United States
    OECDY = 19Y = 25Y = 23Y = 17Y = 22Y = 20
    countries (30)N = 10N = 4N = 5N = 11N = 6N = 7
    NA = 1NA = 1NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 3
    OtherY = 11Y = 19Y = 13Y = 9Y = 13Y = 10
    identifiedN = 14N = 7N = 6N = 13N = 10N = 8
    countries (26)NA = 1NA = 0NA = 7NA = 4NA = 3NA = 8
    OtherY = 3Y = 5Y = 4Y = 1Y = 1Y = 2
    unidentifiedN = 2N = 0N = 0N = 4N = 4N = 1
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 1NA = 0NA = 0NA = 2
    Total (61)Y = 33Y = 49Y = 40Y = 27Y = 36Y = 32
    N = 26N = 11N = 11N = 28N = 20N = 16
    NA = 2NA = 1NA = 10NA = 6NA = 5NA = 13
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Chile: Data disseminated by the Foreign Investment Committee and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Banco Central de Chile.

    Chile: Disseminated by the Banco de Chile but compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by that organization.

    Israel: Coverage differs from the aggregate FDI data.

    Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Russia: Disseminated by Goskomstat and compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data disseminated by the Central Bank of Russia.

    Slovenia: Data compiled on a different basis from the aggregate FDI data.

    Sweden: Income data available on request only.

    Table 14.Industrial Sector Breakdowns: Basis for Allocating Industry Data
    Allocation Basis Used to Compile Industrial Sector Breakdowns
    of Direct Investment Data
    Inward transactions
    data
    Outward transactions
    data
    Inward position
    data
    Outward position
    data
    CountryIndustry of
    resident
    direct
    investment
    enterprise
    Industry of
    nonresident
    direct
    investor
    Industry
    of
    resident
    direct
    investor
    Industry of
    nonresident
    direct
    investment
    enterprise
    Industry of
    resident
    direct
    investment
    enterprise
    Industry of
    nonresident
    direct
    investor
    Industry
    of
    resident
    direct
    investor
    Industry of
    nonresident
    direct
    investment
    enterprise
    Argentina
    XNANA
    XNANA
    Australia
    XNANA
    XNANA
    Austria
    X
    1
    X
    Belgium
    X
    XNANANANA
    Bolivia
    XNAXNANANANA
    Botswana
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Canada
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Chile
    X
    XNANANANA
    Colombia
    XX
    XNANA
    Costa Rica
    XNANANANANANA
    Croatia
    X
    XNANANANA
    Czech Republic
    X
    X
    XX
    Denmark
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Ecuador
    XNANANANANANA
    Estonia
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Finland
    X
    X
    X
    X
    France
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Germany
    X
    X
    Greece
    X
    X
    X
    X
    GuatemalaNANANANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SAR
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Hungary
    X
    X
    XNANA
    Iceland
    XX
    X
    IndonesiaNANANANANANANANA
    IrelandNANANANANANANANA
    Israel
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Italy
    X
    X
    JapanNANANANANANANANA
    Kazakhstan
    X
    X
    X
    X
    KoreaNANANANANANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANANANA
    Latvia
    X
    X
    X
    X
    LuxembourgNA2NA2NA2NA2
    X
    X
    MalaysiaNANANANANANANANA
    Mexico
    XNANA
    XNANA
    Netherlands
    New ZealandNANANANANANANANA
    Nigeria
    XNANANANANANA
    Norway
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Peru
    XNANANANANANA
    PhilippinesNANANANANANANANA
    Poland
    XX
    Portugal
    3
    3
    3
    4
    Russia
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Singapore
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Slovak Republic
    Slovenia
    X
    X
    X
    X
    South AfricaNANANANA
    XNANA
    Spain
    X
    XNANANANA
    Sweden
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Switzerland
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Thailand
    X
    X
    X
    X
    Tunisia
    XNANANANANANA
    Turkey
    XNANANANANANA
    United Kingdom
    X
    X
    United States
    X
    5
    X
    5
    OECDY = 25Y = 3Y = 20Y = 9Y = 23Y = 4Y = 16Y = 11
    countries (30)N = 0N = 22N = 2N = 13N = 0N = 19N = 4N = 9
    NA = 5NA = 5NA = 8NA = 8NA = 7NA = 7NA = 10NA = 10
    OtherY = 20Y = 0Y = 12Y = 1Y = 13Y = 0Y = 10Y = 0
    identifiedN = 0N = 20N = 1N = 12N = 0N = 13N = 0N = 10
    countries (26)NA = 6NA = 6NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13NA = 16NA = 16
    OtherY = 5Y = 0Y = 1Y = 0Y = 4Y = 0Y = 1Y = 1
    unidentifiedN = 0N = 5N = 0N = 1N = 0N = 4N = 1N = 1
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 4NA = 4NA = 1NA = 1NA = 3NA = 3
    Total (61)Y = 50Y = 3Y = 33Y = 10Y = 40Y = 4Y = 27Y = 12
    N = 0N = 47N = 3N = 26N = 0N = 36N = 5N = 20
    NA = 11NA = 11NA = 25NA = 25NA = 21NA = 21NA = 29NA = 29
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Austria: Data available on request only.

    Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Portugal: Data are compiled but not disseminated.

    Portugal: Data are compiled and reported to the OECD for publication but are not disseminated in the national publications.

    United States: Data on FDI income only.

    Table 15.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Transactions Data
    Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership
    Threshold But Use an Additional
    Qualification to the Threshold
    CountryCountries
    That Apply
    the 10%
    Ownership
    Threshold
    as Their
    Basic
    Criterion
    Countries That
    Apply a
    Percentage of
    Ownership
    Different from
    the 10%
    Threshold as
    Their Basic
    Criterion
    Countries that
    include
    enterprises in which
    the investor owns
    less than 10% but has
    an effective voice in
    management
    Countries that
    exclude
    enterprises in which
    the investor
    owns more than 10% but has
    no effective voice in
    management
    Countries That
    Apply a Value
    Threshold to
    Identify FDI
    Enterprises
    Countries That
    Apply Different
    Treatments for
    Incorporated
    and
    Unincorporated
    FDI Enterprises
    Argentina
    X
    XXX
    Australia
    XXXXX
    Austria
    XXXXX
    Belgium
    X
    X
    X
    Bolivia
    XXXXX
    Botswana
    X
    XXX
    Canada
    XXXXX
    ChileX
    1
    XXXX
    Colombia
    XXXX
    Costa Rica
    XXXXX
    Croatia
    XX
    Czech Republic
    XXXXX
    Denmark
    XXXXX
    Ecuador
    XXXXX
    Estonia
    XXXXX
    Finland
    XXXXX
    France
    XXXXX
    Germany
    XXXXX
    Greece
    XXXXX
    Guatemala
    XXXXX
    Hong Kong SARXXXXXX
    Hungary
    XXXXX
    Iceland
    XXXXX
    Indonesia
    2
    2
    XXXX
    Ireland
    XXXXX
    Israel
    3
    3
    XX
    3
    Italy
    4
    4
    XXX
    4
    Japan
    XXXXX
    Kazakhstan
    XXX
    X
    Korea
    X
    X
    Kuwait
    XXXXX
    Latvia
    XXXXX
    Luxembourg5NANANANANANA
    Malaysia
    XXXXX
    Mexico
    X
    XXX
    Netherlands
    X
    X
    New Zealand
    XXX
    X
    Nigeria
    X
    XXX
    Norway
    X
    XXX
    Peru
    XXXXX
    Philippines
    6
    6
    XXXX
    Poland
    XXXXX
    Portugal
    X
    XXX
    Russia
    XXXXX
    Singapore
    XXXXX
    Slovak Republic
    XXXXX
    Slovenia
    XXXXX
    South Africa
    XXXXX
    Spain
    XXXXX
    Sweden
    XXXXX
    Switzerland
    XXXXX
    Thailand
    XXXXX
    Tunisia
    XXXXX
    TurkeyX
    7
    XXX
    United Kingdom
    XXXXX
    United States
    XXXXX
    OECDY = 28Y = 2Y = 6Y = 2Y = 4Y = 2
    countries (30)N = 1N = 27N = 23N = 27N = 25N = 27
    NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
    OtherY = 25Y = 4Y = 4Y = 1Y = 2Y = 3
    identifiedN = 1N = 22N = 22N = 25N = 24N = 23
    countries (26)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    OtherY = 2Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 3N = 2N = 5N = 5N = 5N = 5
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Total (61)Y = 55Y = 9Y = 10Y = 3Y = 6Y = 5
    N = 5N = 51N = 50N = 57N = 54N = 55
    NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Chile: All foreign investment in Chile, except U.S. foreign equity certificates of deposit (American Depository Receipts [ADRs]), debt securities, and investment funds, are treated as inward FDI.

    Indonesia: 10 percent criterion applied for data on equity only. FDI data on income on debt and other capital are based on the criterion of foreign enterprises used by the Investment Board (see metadata on IMF website for details).

    Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for traded enterprises only. All nontraded enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

    Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for incorporated enterprises only. All unincorporated enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

    Luxembourg:The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Philippines: 10 percent criterion applied in principle. See metadata on IMF website for details. All foreign investment, except equity securities transacted through the stock exchange, is treated as FDI regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

    Turkey: No percentage of ownership criterion is used. All enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresidents.

    Table 16.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investment Enterprises Resident in the Reporting Economy (Inward FDI): Position Data
    Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership
    Threshold But Use an Additional
    Qualification to the Threshold
    CountryCountries
    That Apply
    the 10%
    Ownership
    Threshold
    as Their
    Basic
    Criterion
    Countries That
    Apply a
    Percentage of
    Ownership
    Different from
    the 10%
    Threshold as
    Their Basic
    Criterion
    Countries that
    include
    enterprises in which
    the investor owns
    less than 10% but has
    an effective voice in
    management
    Countries that
    exclude
    enterprises in which
    the investor
    owns more than 10% but has
    no effective voice in
    management
    Countries That
    Apply a Value
    Threshold to
    Identify FDI
    Enterprises
    Countries That
    Apply Different
    Treatments for
    Incorporated
    and
    Unincorporated
    FDI Enterprises
    Argentina
    X
    XXX
    Australia
    XXXXX
    Austria
    XXX
    X
    Belgium
    X
    X
    X
    Bolivia
    XXXXX
    Botswana
    X
    XXX
    Canada
    XXXXX
    ChileNANANANANANA
    Colombia
    XXXX
    Costa RicaNANANANANANA
    Croatia1
    XX
    Czech Republic
    XXXXX
    Denmark
    XXXXX
    Ecuador1
    XXXXX
    Estonia
    XXXXX
    Finland
    XXXXX
    France
    XXXXX
    Germany
    XXX
    X
    Greece
    XXXXX
    GuatemalaNANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SAR
    XXXXX
    Hungary
    XXXXX
    Iceland
    XXXXX
    IndonesiaNANANANANANA
    Ireland1
    XXXXX
    Israel
    2
    2
    XX
    Italy
    3
    3
    XXX
    Japan
    XXXXX
    Kazakhstan
    XXX
    X
    KoreaNANANANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANA
    Latvia
    XXXXX
    Luxembourg
    XXXXX
    Malaysia1
    XXXXX
    Mexico
    X
    XXX
    Netherlands
    X
    New Zealand
    XXX
    X
    NigeriaNANANANANANA
    Norway
    X
    XXX
    Peru
    XXXXX
    PhilippinesNANANANANANA
    Poland
    XXXXX
    Portugal
    X
    XXX
    Russia
    XXXXX
    Singapore
    XXXXX
    Slovak Republic
    XXXXX
    Slovenia
    XXXXX
    South Africa
    XXXXX
    Spain
    XXXXX
    Sweden
    XXXXX
    Switzerland
    XXX
    X
    Thailand
    XXXXX
    Tunisia
    XXXXX
    TurkeyNANANANANANA
    United Kingdom
    XXXXX
    United States
    XXXXX
    OECDY = 28Y = 1Y = 5Y = 1Y = 6Y = 2
    countries (30)N = 0N = 27N = 23N = 27N = 22N = 26
    NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2
    OtherY = 19Y = 1Y = 3Y = 1Y = 2Y = 3
    identifiedN = 0N = 18N = 16N = 18N = 17N = 16
    countries (26)NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7NA = 7
    OtherY = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 2N = 2N = 4N = 4N = 4N = 4
    countries (5)NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1NA = 1
    Total (61)Y = 49Y = 4Y = 8Y = 2Y = 8Y = 5
    N = 2N = 47N = 43N = 49N = 43N = 46
    NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10NA = 10
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Croatia, Ecuador, Ireland, and Malaysia: Data are compiled but not disseminated.

    Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for traded enterprises only. All nontraded enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresident investors.

    Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for incorporated enterprises only. All unincorporated enterprises with foreign ownership are treated as FDI, regardless of the percentage of ownership by nonresident investors.

    Table 17.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy (Outward FDI): Transactions Data
    Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership
    Threshold But Use an Additional
    Qualification to the Threshold
    CountryCountries
    That Apply
    the 10%
    Ownership
    Threshold
    as Their
    Basic
    Criterion
    Countries That
    Apply a
    Percentage of
    Ownership
    Different from
    the 10%
    Threshold as
    Their Basic
    Criterion
    Countries that
    include
    enterprises in which
    the investor owns
    less than 10% but has
    an effective voice in
    management
    Countries that
    exclude
    enterprises in which
    the investor
    owns more than 10% but has
    no effective voice in
    management
    Countries That
    Apply a Value
    Threshold to
    Identify FDI
    Enterprises Abroad
    Countries That
    Apply Different
    Treatments for
    Incorporated
    and
    Unincorporated
    FDI Enterprises Abroad
    Argentina
    XX1XXX
    Australia
    XXXXX
    Austria
    XXXXX
    Belgium
    X
    X
    Bolivia
    XXXXX
    Botswana
    X
    XXX
    Canada
    X
    XX
    ChileX
    2
    XXXX
    Colombia
    XXXX
    Costa Rica
    XXXXX
    Croatia
    XXX
    Czech Republic
    XXXXX
    Denmark
    XXXXX
    EcuadorNANANANANANA
    Estonia
    XXXXX
    Finland
    XXXXX
    France
    XXXXX
    Germany
    XXXXX
    Greece
    XXXXX
    Guatemala
    XXXXX
    Hong Kong SAR
    XXXXX
    Hungary
    XXXXX
    Iceland
    X
    XXX
    IndonesiaNANANANANANA
    Ireland
    XXXXX
    Israel
    3
    3
    XX
    Italy
    4
    4
    XXX
    Japan
    XXXXX
    Kazakhstan
    XXXXX
    Korea
    X
    XX
    Kuwait
    XXXXX
    Latvia
    XXXXX
    Luxembourg5NANANANANANA
    Malaysia
    XXXXX
    MexicoNANANANANANA
    Netherlands
    X
    X
    New Zealand
    XXX
    X
    NigeriaNANANANANANA
    Norway
    X
    XXX
    Peru
    XXXXX
    Philippines
    6
    6
    XXXX
    Poland
    XXX
    7
    X
    Portugal
    X
    XXX
    Russia
    XXXXX
    Singapore
    XXXXX
    Slovak Republic
    XXXXX
    Slovenia
    XXXXX
    South Africa
    XXXXX
    Spain
    XXXXX
    Sweden
    XXXXX
    Switzerland
    X
    X
    X
    ThailandX
    8
    XXXX
    Tunisia
    XXXX
    TurkeyX9XXXX
    United Kingdom
    XXXXX
    United States
    XXXXX
    OECDY = 27Y = 2Y = 8Y = 3Y = 5Y = 2
    countries (30)N = 1N = 26N = 20N = 25N = 23N = 26
    NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2
    OtherY = 21Y = 4Y = 2Y = 0Y = 1Y = 3
    identifiedN = 2N = 19N = 21N = 23N = 22N = 20
    countries (26)NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3
    OtherY = 2Y = 3Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 3N = 2N = 5N = 5N = 5N = 5
    countries (5)NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0NA = 0
    Total (61)Y = 50Y = 9Y = 10Y = 3Y = 6Y = 5
    N = 6N = 47N = 46N = 53N = 50N = 51
    NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5NA = 5
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Argentina: See metadata on the IMF website for details of theoretical exceptions.

    Chile: All resident investors abroad, except mutual funds, pension funds, and insurance companies, are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of percentage of ownership.

    Israel: 10 percent criterion applied for resident investors in traded enterprises abroad only. All resident investors in nontraded enterprises abroad are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of their percentage of ownership.

    Italy: 10 percent criterion applied for resident investors in incorporated enterprises abroad only. All resident investors in unincorporated enterprises abroad are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of their percentage of ownership.

    Luxembourg: The Belgian authorities have compiled joint Belgo-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU) FDI transactions data for Belgium and Luxembourg through 2001. Luxembourg will compile its own FDI transactions data from 2002 onward.

    Philippines: 10 percent criterion applied in principle. See metadata on IMF website for details. All equity investments abroad by Philippine residents, except equity securities transacted through foreign stock exchanges, are defined as FDI abroad.

    Poland: Although a value threshold is applied, the FDI data include estimates for enterprises below that threshold.

    Thailand: The basic criterion used is 25 percent ownership rather than 10 percent ownership.

    Turkey: No percentage of ownership criterion is used. All investments abroad by Turkish residents are defined as being FDI abroad.

    Table 18.Definitions Used to Identify Direct Investors Resident in the Reporting Economy
    Countries That Apply the 10% Ownership
    Threshold But Use an Additional
    Qualification to the Threshold
    CountryCountries
    That Apply
    the 10%
    Ownership
    Threshold
    as Their
    Basic
    Criterion
    Countries That
    Apply a
    Percentage of
    Ownership
    Different from
    the 10%
    Threshold as
    Their Basic
    Criterion
    Countries that
    include
    enterprises in which
    the investor owns
    less than 10% but has
    an effective voice in
    management
    Countries that
    exclude
    enterprises in which
    the investor
    owns more than 10% but has
    no effective voice in
    management
    Countries That
    Apply a Value
    Threshold to
    Identify FDI
    Enterprises Abroad
    Countries That
    Apply Different
    Treatments for
    Incorporated
    and
    Unincorporated
    FDI Enterprises Abroad
    Argentina
    XX1XXX
    Australia
    XXXXX
    Austria
    XXX
    X
    Belgium
    X
    X
    Bolivia
    XXXXX
    Botswana
    X
    XXX
    Canada
    X
    XX
    ChileNANANANANANA
    Colombia
    XXXX
    Costa RicaNANANANANANA
    Croatia2
    XXX
    Czech Republic
    XXXXX
    Denmark
    XXXXX
    EcuadorNANANANANANA
    Estonia
    XXXXX
    Finland
    XXXXX
    France
    XXXXX
    Germany
    XXX
    X
    Greece
    XXXXX
    GuatemalaNANANANANANA
    Hong Kong SAR
    XXXXX
    Hungary
    XXXXX
    Iceland
    X
    XXX
    IndonesiaNANANANANANA
    Ireland2
    XXXXX
    Israel
    3
    3
    XX
    Italy
    4
    4
    XXX
    Japan
    XXXXX
    Kazakhstan
    XXXXX
    KoreaNANANANANANA
    KuwaitNANANANANANA
    Latvia
    XXXXX
    Luxembourg
    XXXXX
    Malaysia2
    XXXXX
    MexicoNANANANANANA
    Netherlands
    X
    New Zealand
    XXX
    X
    NigeriaNANANANANANA
    Norway
    X
    XXX
    Peru
    XXXXX
    PhilippinesNANANANANANA
    Poland
    XXX
    5
    X
    Portugal
    X
    XXX
    Russia
    XXXXX
    Singapore
    XXXXX
    Slovak Republic
    XXXXX
    Slovenia
    XXXXX
    South Africa
    XXXXX
    Spain
    XXXXX
    Sweden
    XXXXX
    Switzerland
    X
    X
    X
    ThailandX
    6
    XXXX
    Tunisia
    XXXXX
    TurkeyNANANANANANA
    United Kingdom
    XXXXX
    United States
    XXXXX
    OECDY = 27Y = 1Y = 7Y = 2Y = 7Y = 3
    countries (30)N = 0N = 26N = 20N = 25N = 20N = 24
    NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3NA = 3
    OtherY = 17Y = 2Y = 2Y = 0Y = 1Y = 3
    identifiedN = 1N = 16N = 16N = 18N = 17N = 15
    countries (26)NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8NA = 8
    OtherY = 2Y = 1Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0Y = 0
    unidentifiedN = 1N = 2N = 3N = 3N = 3N = 3
    countries (5)NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2NA = 2
    Total (61)Y = 46Y = 4Y = 9Y = 2Y = 8Y = 6
    N = 2N = 44N = 39N = 46N = 40N = 42
    NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13NA = 13
    Source: 2001 update of joint IMF/OECD Survey of Implementation of Methodological Standards for Direct Investment (SIMSDI).

    Argentina: See metadata on the IMF website for details of theoretical exceptions.

    Croatia, Ireland, and Malaysia: Position data are compiled but not disseminated.

    Israel: 10 percent criterion applied to resident investors in traded enterprises abroad only. All resident investors in nontraded enterprises abroad are defined as direct investors abroad, regardless of their