Front Matter

Susan Schadler, and Hugh Bredenkamp
Published Date:
June 1999
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    © 1999 International Monetary Fund

    Production: IMF Graphics Section

    Cover design: Massoud Etemadi

    Typesetting: Alicia Etchebarne-Bourdin

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Economic adjustment and reform in low-income countries / studies by the staff of the International Monetary Fund; edited by Hugh Bredenkamp and Susan Schadler.

    p. cm.

    Includes bibliographical references (p.).

    ISBN 1-55775-715-1

    1. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)—Developing countries. 2. Debts, Public—Developing countries. 3. International Monetary Fund. I. Bredenkamp, Hugh. II. Schadler, Susan.

    HC59.7.E256 1999

    338.9’009172’4—dc21 99-13352


    Price: $26.50

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    The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

    … to indicate that data are not available;

    — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;

    - between years or months (for example, 1994-95 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

    / between years (for example, 1994/95) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.

    “Billion” means a thousand million.

    Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

    The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.

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