Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
June 2000
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    Notes and sources

    The world by region

    East Asia and the Pacific

    American Samoa

    Cambodia

    China

    Fiji

    Indonesia

    Kiribati

    Korea, Dem, Rep.

    Korea, Rep.

    Lao PDR

    Malaysia

    Marshall Islands

    Micronesia, Fed. Sts.

    Mongolia

    Myanmar

    Palau

    Papua New Guinea

    Philippines

    Samoa

    Solomon islands

    Thailand

    Tonga

    Vanuatu

    Vietnam

    Europe and Central Asia

    Albania

    Armenia

    Azerbaijan

    Belarus

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Bulgaria

    Croatia

    Czech Republic

    Estonia

    Georgia

    Hungary

    Isle of Man

    Kazakhstan

    Kyrgyz Republic

    Latvia

    Lithuania

    Macedonia, FYR

    Moldova

    Poland

    Romania

    Russian Federation

    Slovak Republic

    Tajikistan

    Turkey

    Turkmenistan

    Ukraine

    Uzbekistan

    Yugoslavia. FR (Serbia/Montenegro)

    Latin America and the Caribbean

    Antigua and Barbuda

    Argentina

    Barbados

    Belize

    Bolivia

    Brazil

    Chile

    Colombia

    Costa Rica

    Cuba

    Dominica

    Dominican Republic

    Ecuador

    El Salvador

    Grenada

    Guatemala

    Guyana

    Haiti

    Honduras

    Jamaica

    Mexico

    Nicaragua

    Panama

    Paraguay

    Peru

    Puerto Rico St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia

    St. Vincent and the Grenadines

    Suriname

    Trinidad and Tobago

    Uruguay

    Venezuela, RB

    Middle East and North Africa

    Bahrain

    Djibouti

    Egypt, Arab Rep.

    Iran, Islamic Rep.

    Iraq

    Jordan

    Lebanon

    Libya

    Morocco

    Oman

    Saudi Arabia

    Syrian Arab

    Republic Tunisia

    West Bank and Gaza

    Yemen. Rep.

    South Asia

    Afghanistan

    Bangladesh

    Bhutan

    India

    Maldives

    Nepal

    Pakistan

    Sri Lanka

    Sub-Saharan Africa

    Angola

    Benin

    Botswana

    Burkina Faso

    Burundi

    Cameroon

    Cape Verde

    Central African Republic

    Chad

    Comoros

    Congo, Dem. Rep.

    Congo, Rep

    Cote d’Ivolre

    Equatorial Guinea

    Eritrea

    Ethiopia

    Gabon

    Gambia, The

    Ghana

    Guinea

    Guinea-Bissau

    Kenya

    Lesotho

    Liberia

    Madagascar

    Malawi

    Mali

    Mauritania

    Mauritius

    Mayotte

    Mozambique

    Namibia

    Niger

    Nigeria

    Rwanda

    Sao Tome and Principe

    Senegal

    Seychelles

    Sierra Leone

    Somalia

    South Africa

    Sudan

    Swaziland

    Tanzania

    Togo

    Uganda

    Zambia

    Zimbabwe

    High Income

    Andorra

    Aruba

    Australia

    Austria

    Bahamas, The

    Belgium

    Bermuda

    Brunei

    Canada

    Cayman Islands

    Channel Islands

    Cyprus

    Denmark

    Faeroe islands

    Finland

    France

    French Polynesia

    Germany

    Greece

    Greenland

    Guam

    Hong Kong. China

    Iceland

    Ireland

    Israel

    Italy

    Japan

    Kuwait

    Liechtenstein

    Luxembourg

    Macao, China

    Malta

    Monaco

    Netherlands

    Netherlands Antilles

    New Caledonia

    New Zealand

    Northern Mariana

    Islands

    Norway

    Portugal

    Qatar

    Singapore

    Slovenia

    Spain

    Sweden

    Switzerland

    United Arab Emirates

    United Kingdom

    United States

    Virgin Islands (U.S.)

    Members of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) are shown in italics.

    More information

    Regional definitions

    The regional groupings in this report are based on geographic and cultural affinities and the average income of residents. Developing countries and territories are divided into six regions, in some instances, broader aggregates, roughly corresponding to continental areas, are used. Countries or territories with gross national product per capita of more than $9,360 in 199S are considered to be high income and are treated as a single group. The term country does not imply political independence or official recognition but refers to any territory for which authorities report separate social or economic statistics.

    Data sources

    The statistics in this report were provided by various international agencies, which compiled or estimated them on the basis of reports from national authorities. They are the best available today. But the picture they portray is flawed because for some countries the data are incomplete, unreliable or unavailable. Recognising this, Paris21—a consortium of partner countries. International organisations and donors brought together under the banner Partnership in Statistics for development In the 21st Century—is workinging tc Improve the capacity of countries to produce good statistics. For more information on the Paris21 programme, see http://www.paris21.org.

    The notes below Identify the principal sources for A Better Wortd for All. For definitions, bibliographic information and additional sources of data please go to the Better World Website: http://www.paris21.org/betterworld.

    Poverty Estimates of the number of people living in extreme poverty are from the World Bank. Data on malnutrition among children under-5 are from the Subcommittee on Nutrition of the UN Administrative Committee on Co-ordination.

    Education Primary school enrolments and projections of school-age children are from the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Institute of Statistics.

    Gender Data on primary and secondary school enrolments by gender are from the UNESCO Institute of Statistics. The estimates of gender gaps by family assets are based on work by the World Bank.

    Infant and child mortality Mortality rates come from the United Nations Population Division and united Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The distribution of under-5 mortality rates by family assets is based on an analysis of Demographic and Health Surveys by the World Bank and Macro International, The analysis of under-5 mortality rates by mother’s level of education is from a study by Macro International.

    Matemal mortality Data on births attended by skilled health personnel and maternal mortality ratios are preliminary estimates from the World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF.

    Reproductive health Estimates of contraceptive prevalence rates and fertility rates for women aged 15-19 are from the United Nations Population Division. Data on HIV Infections and deaths from AIDS come from the WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).

    Environment Estimates of the population with access to an improved water source are from the report of the Secretary General to the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (May 2000). Estimates of current and potential forest areas are from the World Wide Fund for Nature. Energy use per unit of GDP was estimated by the world Bank using data from the International Energy Agency, Data on carbon dioxide emissions come from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center

    Wnatil will take to achieve the goats Estimates of the number of countries with democratic governments are from the World Bank’s World Development Report 1999/2000. Data on the number of counties ratifying human rights treaties were compiled by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Shares of government budgets spent on basic social services were estimated by UNICEF and UNDP. The value of merchandise trade Is from the World Trade Organisation, The number of personal computers per capita was estimated from data provided by the International Telecommunication Union. Data on tax revenues are from the International Monetary Fund’s Government Finance Statistics. Data on aid and private capital flows are from the OECD.

    Other sources

    Quotations throughout the report were taken from Voices of the Poor, volumes 1 and 2. published by the World Bank, and from reports by development workers around the world.

    The accounts of successful programmes to reduce poverty and meet the international development goals are from reports by participants at the Forum on Development Progress held in Paris in March 2000. Additional information comes from reports by the World Bank and United Nations agencies.

    Indicators for the international development
    Table. Estonia: Macroeconomic Scenarios, 2000-2002 (In percent of GDP; unless otherwise indicated)
    GoalsIndicators
    Economic well-beingReducing extreme poverty
    The proportion of people living in extreme poverty in developing countries should be reduced by at least one-half between 1990 and 2015.
    Incidence of extreme poverty: people living on less than $1 a day Poverty gap ratio: incidence times depth of poverty Inequality: poorest fifth’s share of national consumption Child malnutrition: proportion of children under 5 who are underweight
    Social developmentUniversal primary education
    There should be universal primary education in all countries by 2015.
    Net enrolment in primary education Completion of 4th grade of primary education Literacy rate of 15 to 24 year-olds
    Gender equality
    Progress towards gender equality and the empowerment of women should be demonstrated by eliminating gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2005.
    Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education Ratio of literate females to males (15 to 24 year-olds)
    Reducing Infant and child mortality
    The death rates for infants and children under the age of five years should be reduced in each developing country by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015.
    Infant mortality rate Under-5 mortality rate
    Reducing maternal mortality
    The rate of maternal mortality should be reduced by three-quarters between 1990 and 2015.
    Maternal mortality ratio Births attended by skilled health personnel
    Reproductive health
    Access should be available through the primary healthcare system to reproductive health services for all individuals of appropriate ages, no later than 2015.
    Contraceptive prevalence rate HIV prevalence in 15 to 24 year-old pregnant women
    Environmental sustain ability and regenerationEnvironment
    There should be a current national strategy for sustainable development, in the process of implementation, in every country by 2005. so as to ensure that current trends in the loss of environmental resources are effectively reversed at both global and national levels by 2015.
    Countries with effective processes for sustainable development Population with access to an improved water source Forest area as a percentage of national surface area Biodiversity: protected land area Energy efficiency: GDP per unit of energy use Carbon dioxide emissions per capita

    More information about these goals and indicators can be found at http://www.oecd.org/dac/indicators. For a broader set of goals and indicators used by the United Nations in Its common country assessments, see http://www.cca-undaf.org.

    Data for the international development goals and related indicators are available from the World Bank at

    http://www.worldbank.org/data. The International Monetary Fund provides links to national data sources and information on data quality and standards through its Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board: http://dsbb.imf.org.

    The goals for international development address that most compelling of human desires—a world free of poverty and free of the misery that poverty breeds. This report focuses on seven goals, which, if achieved in the next 15 years, will improve the lives of millions of people. In words and pictures, with numbers and charts, it describes progress towards the goals, what has been achieved and the effort required to reach them.

    International Monetary Fund

    http://www.imf.org

    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    http://www.oocd.org

    United Nations

    http://www.un.org

    World Bank Group

    http://www.worldbank.org

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