- International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
- Published Date:
- October 2013
The Special Data Dissemination Standard Plus
Guide for Adherents and Users
© 2013 International Monetary Fund
Joint Bank-Fund Library
The Special Data Dissemination Standard Plus: guide for adherents and users.
Washington, D.C., International Monetary Fund, 2013.
35 p.: col. iII.; cm.
Includes bibliographical references.
1. International finance – Statistics – Standards. 2. International finance -Statistics – Handbooks, manuals, etc. 3. Disclosure of information – Standards. 4. Disclosure of information – Handbooks, manuals, etc. 5. Economic indicators –Statistics – Standards. 6. Economic indicators – Statistics – Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. International Monetary Fund.
ISBN: 978-1-48436-596-0 (Paper)
978-1-48434-813-0 (Mobi pocket)
978-1-48433-463-8 (Web PDF)
Please send orders to:
International Monetary Fund, Publication Services
P.O. Box 92780, Washington, D.C. 20090, U.S.A.
Tel.: (202) 623-7430 Fax: (202) 623-7201
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) launched the Data Standards Initiatives to enhance member countries’ data transparency and to promote their development of sound statistical systems. The need for data standards was highlighted by the financial crises of the mid-1990s, in which information deficiencies were seen to play a role. Under the Data Standards Initiatives, the IMF established the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) in 1996 to provide guidance to countries that have or seek access to capital markets to disseminate key data so that users in general, and financial market participants in particular, have adequate information to assess the economic situations of individual countries. In 1997, the IMF introduced under the initiatives the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS) to provide a framework for countries that aim to develop their statistical systems, within which they can work toward disseminating comprehensive and reliable data and, eventually, meet SDDS requirements. In February 2012, the IMF Executive Board approved the establishment of the SDDS Plus as a third tier of the IMF’s Data Standards Initiatives to address data gaps revealed during the global crisis. The SDDS Plus is open to all SDDS subscribers; those with systemically important financial sectors are encouraged to adhere early to the initiative.
As part of the Data Standards Initiatives and in support of ready access by the public to information on countries’ dissemination practices, the IMF established an electronic bulletin board, called the Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB), on the IMF website (http://dsbb.imf.org). The DSBB posts information that SDDS subscribers provide the IMF on their dissemination practices and offers direct links to the economic and financial data that countries disseminate under the SDDS. The DSBB also displays information that GDDS participants make available to the IMF on their statistical practices. In addition, the DSBB posts information on SDDS Plus adherents.
Subscription to the SDDS, participation in the GDDS, and adherence to the SDDS Plus are voluntary. However, SDDS subscribers and SDDS Plus adherents must observe certain good dissemination practices and the IMF monitors such observance. Compared with the SDDS, the SDDS Plus is a more rigorous tier that requires adherents to disseminate a broader range of data with specified periodicity and timeliness. There is no requirement for GDDS participants to disseminate data, though they are encouraged to do so. Participants in the GDDS should develop plans to improve their statistics.
SDDS Plus Guide
The provisions related to the implementation of the SDDS Plus track those of the SDDS, although the SDDS Plus includes a further nine data categories with specified coverage, periodicity, and timeliness requirements related to these additional data categories. This SDDS Plus Guide elaborates in greater detail the requirements for these nine data categories. The SDDS requirements are described in the SDDS Guide, which should be consulted together with this guide.
This SDDS Plus Guide was prepared by staff in the Data Dissemination and Review Division of the IMF’s Statistics Department, under the general direction of the Division Chief. Stella Addo and Julia Fookson provided administrative support in preparing the guide.
The guide has benefited from comments and suggestions from SDDS coordinators, experts from other international institutions, and staff of the IMF’s Statistics and other IMF Departments.
Louis Marc Ducharme
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