- Sumio Ishikawa, Sibel Beadle, Damien Eastman, Srobona Mitra, Alejandro Lopez Mejia, Wafa Abdelati, Koji Nakamura, Il Lee, Sònia Muñoz, Robert Hagemann, David Coe, and Nadia Rendak
- Published Date:
- February 2006
© 2006 International Monetary Fund
Production: IMF Multimedia Services Division
Cover Design: Wendy Arnold
Page Design: Alicia Etchebarne-Bourdin
Cover Photo: M.L. Sinibaldi/CORBIS
Cambodia: rebuilding for a challenging future/David T. Coe … [et al.]—[Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund, 2006].
Includes bibliographical references.
1. Cambodia—Economic policy. 2. Cambodia—Economic conditions. 3. Cambodia—Economic conditions—Statistics. 4. Foreign exchange rates—Cambodia. 5. Poverty—Cambodia. 6. Fiscal policy—Cambodia. I. Coe, David T. II. International Monetary Fund.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this work are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. The IMF has not edited this publication. Some documents cited in this work may not be available publicly.
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Alejandro López-Mejía, Sumio Ishikawa, and Sibel Yelten
The following symbols have been used throughout this publication:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (e.g., 2003–04 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 2003/04) to indicate a fiscal (financial) year.–
“n.a.” means not applicable.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The term “country,” as used in this publication, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.
The material presented in this Special Issues was originally prepared as background for discussion at the IMF Executive Board in September 2004. Assessments contained in some of the chapters have in some cases been overtaken by recent events, but the medium-term challenges remain the same. The authors are grateful to the Cambodian authorities for extensive discussions and for their assistance in providing data and other source material.
The background papers were prepared in 2003–04 under the general guidance of David T. Coe and Il Houng Lee of the Asia and Pacific Department and benefited from comments of department staff. Wafa Fahmi Abdelati coordinated production of the manuscript. The authors would like to thank Rupin Thomas for excellent research assistance, Nadine Dubost and Elizabeth Handal-Kocis for secretarial support, and Gail Berre, Esha Ray, Teresa Del Rosario, and Alicia Etchebarne-Bourdin of the External Relations Department for production of the publication.
The opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the IMF, its Executive Directors, or the Cambodian authorities.
Association of Southeast Asian NationsATC
Agreement on Textiles and ClothingCPI
Consumer price indexCDC
Center for the Development of CambodiaCR
Cambodia Socio-Economic SurveyEU
Foreign currency depositsFCU
Foreign Currency UnitFDI
Foreign direct investmentGATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and TradeGDP
Gross domestic productGIC
Gross incidence curveGLS
Generalized least squaresGSP
Generalized System of PreferencesICSID
International Center for Settlement of Investment DisputesLDC
Least developed countryLIA
Low-income Asian countryLIC
Law on InvestmentLOT
Law on TaxationMBPI
Merit-based pay initiativeMEF
Ministry of Economy and FinanceMFA
Most favored nationNBC
National Bank of CambodiaNIEA
Newly industrialized and emerging economyNIS
National Institute of StatisticsNPRS
National Poverty Reduction StrategyNT
Ordinary least squaresPAP
Priority Action ProgramPCB
Permanent Coordination BodyPFM
Public financial managementPFMRP
Public Financial Management Reform ProgramPMU
Project Management UnitPPP
Purchasing power parityPRGF
Poverty Reduction and Growth FacilityRGC
Royal Government of CambodiaRoO
Rules of originSCAC
Supreme Council Against CorruptionSCM
Supreme Council of MagistracySIC
Schwarz information criterionSPS
Sanitary and PhytosanitaryTA
Textile and clothingTBT
Technical Barriers to TradeTCAP
Technical Cooperation Action ProgramTRIM
Trade-Related Investment MeasuresTRIPS
Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property RightsUN
United Nations Transitional Authority in CambodiaVAR
Vector auto regressionVAT
World Economic OutlookWTO
World Trade Organization