- International Monetary Fund
- Published Date:
- November 2004
© 2004 International Monetary Fund
Production: IMF Graphics Section
Cover and design: Luisa Menjivar, Jorge Salazar
Typesetting: Lai Oy Louie, Lijun Li
Published December 2004
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The past century has been marked by rapid advances in human welfare. People in most parts of the world are healthier and are living longer. While this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the 1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic.
This compilation of articles published over the past five years in the pages of F&D looks at the important links between health and economic progress. Articles range over a variety of topics, from the Millennium Development Goals and their health-related targets for 2015 to the economics of tobacco control. Several articles examine the impact of AIDS, while others look at debt and the intellectual property aspects of health care.
By publishing the articles together, we hope that they will form a useful starting point for those examining the economics of health in developing countries.
Finance & Development
How to accelerate progress toward the Millennium Development Goals
Mark Baird and Sudhir Shetty
A chart-based description of the world’s health trends
New evidence and a wider perspective suggest sizable economic returns to better health
David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Dean T. Jamison
The new focus on performance-based funding of health services in developing countries
Robert Hecht, Amie Batson, and Logan Brenzel
Ways to stop or slow the spread of drug-resistant strains of malaria
Kenneth J. Arrow
Has the intellectual property pact opened a Pandora’s box for pharmaceuticals?
Sanjeev Gupta, Benedict Clements, Maria Teresa Guin-Siu, and Luc Leruth
Why the poor need more control over health care and other essential services
Shantayanan Devarajan and Ritva Reinikka
Developing countries must face the realities of the epidemic
The strain on limited resources
Public policy is an effective weapon
AIDS is a development problem that must be addressed globally
Robert Hecht, Olusoji Adeyi, and Iris Semini
Tobacco control can have big health benefits without harming the economy
Prabhat Jha, Joy de Beyer, and Peter S. Heller