- Dominik Enste, and Friedrich Schneider
- Published Date:
- April 2002
©2002 International Monetary Fund
IMF External Relations Department
Cover design and composition
Massoud Etemadi, Jack Federici, and the IMF Graphics Section
Published March 2002
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The Economic Issues series aims to make available to a broad readership of nonspecialists some of the economic research being produced on topical issues by IMF staff. The series draws mainly from IMF Working Papers, which are technical papers produced by IMF staff members and visiting scholars, as well as from policy-related research papers.
This Economic Issue is based on IMF Working Paper 00/26, “Shadow Economies Around the World: Size, Causes, and Consequences,” February 2000. Citations for the studies reviewed are provided in the original paper, which readers can purchase ($10.00) from the IMF Publication Services, or download from www.imf.org. Rachel Weaving prepared the text for this pamphlet. Some of the data, including the sample size, has been updated by Professor Schneider for this pamphlet.