Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
April 2010
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    APPENDIX Classification of economies by region and income fiscal 2010
    East Asia and PacificLatin America and the CaribbeanSouth AsiaHigh-income OECD countries
    American SamoaUMCAfghanistanLIC
    CambodiaLICArgentinaUMCBangladeshLICAustralia
    ChinaLMCBelizeLMCBhutanLMCAustria
    FijiUMCBoliviaLMCIndiaLMCBelgium
    IndonesiaLMCBrazilUMCMaldivesLMCCanada
    KiribatiLMCChileUMCNepalLICCzech Republic
    Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.LICColombiaUMCPakistanLMCDenmark
    Lao PDRLICCosta RicaUMCSri LankaLMCFinland
    MalaysiaUMCCubaUMCFrance
    Marshall IslandsLMCDominicaUMCSub-Saharan AfricaGermany
    Micronesia, Fed. Sts.LMCDominican RepublicUMCGreece
    MongoliaLMCEcuadorLMCAngolaLMCHungary
    MyanmarLICEl SalvadorLMCBeninLICIceland
    PalauUMCGrenadaUMCBotswanaUMCIreland
    Papua New GuineaLMCGuatemalaLMCBurkina FasoLICItaly
    PhilippinesLMCGuyanaLMCBurundiLICJapan
    SamoaLMCHaitiLICCameroonLMCKorea, Rep.
    Solomon IslandsLMCHondurasLMCCape VerdeLMCLuxembourg
    ThailandLMCJamaicaUMCCentral African RepublicLICNetherlands
    Timor-LesteLMCMexicoUMCChadLICNew Zealand
    TongaLMCNicaraguaLMCComorosLICNorway
    VanuatuLMCPanamaUMCCongo, Dem. Rep.LICPortugal
    VietnamLICParaguayLMCCongo, Rep.LMCSlovak Republic
    PeruUMCCôte d’IvoireLMCSpain
    Europe and Central AsiaSt. Kitts and NevisUMCEritreaLICSweden
    St. LuciaUMCEthiopiaLICSwitzerland
    AlbaniaLMCSt. Vincent and the GrenadinesUMCGabonUMCUnited Kingdom
    ArmeniaLMCSurinameUMCGambia, TheLICUnited States
    AzerbaijanLMCUruguayUMCGhanaLIC
    BelarusUMCVenezuela, R. B. deUMCGuineaLICOther high-income
    Bosnia and HerzegovinaUMCGuinea-BissauLICcountries
    BulgariaUMCMiddle East and North AfricaKenyaLIC
    GeorgiaLMCLesothoLMCAndorra
    KazakhstanUMCAlgeriaUMCLiberiaLICAntigua and Barbuda
    KosovoLMCDjiboutiLMCMadagascarLICAruba
    Kyrgyz RepublicLICEgypt, Arab Rep.LMCMalawiLICBahamas, The
    LatviaUMCIran, Islamic Rep.LMCMaliLICBahrain
    LithuaniaUMCIraqLMCMauritaniaLICBarbados
    Macedonia, FYRUMCJordanLMCMauritiusUMCBermuda
    MoldovaLMCLebanonUMCMayotteUMCBrunei Darussalam
    MontenegroUMCLibyaUMCMozambiqueLICCayman Islands
    PolandUMCMoroccoLMCNamibiaUMCChannel Islands
    RomaniaUMCSyrian Arab Rep.LMCNigerLICCroatia
    Russian FederationUMCTunisiaLMCNigeriaLMCCyprus
    SerbiaUMCWest Bank and GazaLMCRwandaLICEquatorial Guinea
    TajikistanLICYemen, Rep.LICSão Tomé and PrincipeLMCEstonia
    TurkeyUMCSenegalLICFaeroe Islands
    TurkmenistanLMCSeychellesUMCFrench Polynesia
    UkraineLMCSierra LeoneLICGreenland
    UzbekistanLICSomaliaLICGuam
    South AfricaUMCHong Kong, China
    SudanLMCIsle of Man
    SwazilandLMCIsrael
    TanzaniaLICKuwait
    TogoLICLiechtenstein
    UgandaLICMacao, China
    ZambiaLICMalta
    Zimba bweLICMonaco
    Netherlands Antilles
    New Caledonia
    Northern Mariana Islands
    Oman
    Puerto Rico
    Qatar
    San Marino
    Saudi Arabia
    Singapore
    Slovenia
    Taiwan, China
    Trinidad and Tobago
    United Arab Emirates
    Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Source: World Bank data.Note: This table classifies all World Bank member economies and all other economies with populations of more than 30,000. Economies are divided among income groups according to 2008 GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. The groups are low income (LIC), $975 or less; lower middle income (LMC), $976-3,855; upper middle income (UMC), $3,856-11,905; and high income, $11,906 or more.

    ECO-AUDIT: Environmental Benefits Statement

    The World Bank is committed to preserving endangered forests and natural resources. The Office of the Publisher has chosen to print Global Monitoring Report 2010: The MDGs after the Crisis on recycled paper with 25 percent post-consumer waste, in accordance with the recommended standards for paper usage set by the Green Press Initiative, a nonprofit program supporting publishers in using fiber that is not sourced from endangered forests. For more information, visit www.greenpressinitiative.org.

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    What is the human cost of the global economic crisis? This year’s Global Monitoring Report, The MDGs after the Crisis, examines the impact of the worst recession since the Great Depression on poverty and human development outcomes in developing countries. Although the recovery is under way, the impact of the crisis will be lasting and immeasurable. The impressive precrisis progress in poverty reduction will slow. No household in developing countries is immune. Gaps will persist to 2020. In 2015, 20 million more people in Sub-Saharan Africa and 53 million more people globally will be in extreme poverty. Even households above the $1.25-a-day poverty line in higher-income developing countries are coping by buying cheaper food, delaying other purchases, reducing visits to doctors, working longer hours, or taking multiple jobs.

    The crisis will also have serious costs on human development indicators:

    • 1.2 million more children under age five and 265,000 more infants will die between 2009 and 2015.

    • 350,000 more students will not complete primary education in 2015.

    • 100 million fewer people will have access to safe drinking water in 2015.

    History tells us that if we let the recovery slide and allow the crisis to lead to widespread domestic policy failures and institutional breakdowns in poor countries, the negative impact on human development outcomes, especially on children and women, will be disastrous.

    The international financial institutions and international community responded strongly and quickly to the crisis, but more is needed to sustain the recovery and regain the momentum in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Developing countries will also need to implement significant policy reforms and strengthen institutions to improve the efficiency of service delivery in the face of fiscal constraints. Unlike previous crises, however, this one was not caused by domestic policy failure in developing countries. So better development outcomes will also hinge on a rapid global economic recovery that improves export conditions, terms-of-trade, and affordable capital flows—as well as meeting aid commitments to low-income countries.

    Global Monitoring Report 2010, seventh in this annual series, is prepared jointly by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It provides a development perspective on the global economic crisis and assesses the impact on developing countries—their growth, poverty reduction, and other MDGs. Finally, it sets out priorities for policy responses, both by developing countries and by the international community.

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