Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
April 2007
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    Statistical Appendix

    CPIA: Country Policy and Institutional Assessment; ICS: Investment Climate Surveys; KK: Kaufmann and Kraay; OTRI: Overall Trade Restrictiveness Index; TI: Transparency International; TRI: Trade Restrictiveness Index.

    TABLE A.1Millennium Development Goals
    Goal 1
    Eradicate extreme poverty
    Goal 2
    Achieve universal primary education
    Goal 3
    Promote gender equality
    Goal 4
    Reduce child mortality
    Poverty (US$1 a day headcount ratio,%)Share of revenue to poorest quintile (%)Primary education completion (gross intake to final primary grade,%)Secondary enrollment (gross,%)Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school(%)Women in nonagricultural sector (% of total nonagricultural employment)Child mortality (under-5 mortality rate per 1,000)Measles immunization (% of children age 12–13 months)
    1998–2005a1998–2005a2001–2005a20052005200420052005
    Afghanistan32165525764
    Albania<28.297789931.71897
    Algeria<27.0968310217.03983
    Angola0.01726045
    Argentina6.61018611145.51899
    Armenia<2918810846.52994
    Australia5.914910248.6694
    Austria8.610110246.2575
    Azerbaijan3.77.494839848.88998
    Bangladesh36.09.1774610123.17381
    Belarus<21009510556.01299
    Belgium8.510910344.8588
    Benin30.97.465337315085
    Bhutan7593
    Bolivia23.21.5101899336.56564
    Bosnia and Herzegovina9.51590
    Botswana28.13.2927510243.012090
    Brazil7.52.810810210546.73399
    Bulgaria<29810210053.01596
    Burkina Faso27.26.931147714.619184
    Burundi54.65.136148319075
    Cambodia34.16.892298751.38779
    Cameroon17.15.662448321.614968
    Canada7.210910649.4694
    Central African Republic66.62.023126519335
    Chad32166012.820823
    Chile<23.895899838.11090
    China9.94.398739840.92786
    Hong Kong, China110879347.381
    Colombia7.02.5987910448.32189
    Comoros5135847180
    Congo, Dem. Rep. of39227320.120570
    Congo, Rep. of58398910856
    Costa Rica3.33.5927910438.51289
    Côte d’Ivoire43256719551
    Croatia<28.3918810446.2796
    Cuba949411037.7798
    Czech Republic<210.31049610147.1497
    Denmark8.39912410948.8595
    Djibouti32247513365
    Dominican Republic2.84.0927111138.23199
    Ecuador17.73.31016142.72593
    Egypt, Arab Rep. of3.18.6958720.63398
    El Salvador19.02.7876310034.82799
    Goal 5
    Improve maternal health
    Goal 6
    Combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases
    Goal 7
    Ensure environmental sustainability
    Goal 8
    Develop a global partnership for development
    Maternal mortality ratio modeled estimate per 100,000 live births)Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)HIV prevalence (% of population ages 15–49)Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people)Access to an improved water source (% of population)Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of population)Fixed-line and mobile phone suscribers (per 1,000 people)Internet users (per 1,000 people)
    20002000–2005a200520052004200420052005
    140.11683934441
    559820969149360
    140960.155859249458
    1700453.726953317511
    82950.6419691798177
    55980.171928326053
    8990.161001001470698
    40.3121001001441486
    94880.176775439781
    380130.12277439713
    351000.36210084755347
    100.3131001001337458
    850751.88867339850
    420510.1103627011139
    420670.1211854633452
    311000.1529795656206
    1009424.1655954254134
    260970.5609075587195
    32990.13999991128206
    1000382.02236113515
    1000253.33347936185
    450441.65064117403
    730625.4174665110215
    6980.351001001080520
    11004410.73147527273
    1100143.5272429144
    311000.3159591860172
    56970.1100774457085
    100751799508
    130960.6459386648104
    480620.14586335533
    990613.23564630482
    510865.3367582710213
    43990.3149792575254
    690687.1382843710811
    81000.1411001001097327
    331000.1991988717
    91000.110100981465270
    50.281001001628527
    730613.176273826913
    150991.1919578508169
    130750.3131948960147
    84740.125987032568
    150920.951846249293
    TABLE A.1Millennium Development Goals (continued)
    Goal 1
    Eradicate extreme poverty
    Goal 2
    Achieve universal primary education
    Goal 3
    Promote gender equality
    Goal 4
    Reduce child mortality
    Poverty (US$1 a day headcount ratio,%)Share of revenue to poorest quintile (%)Primary education completion (gross intake to final primary grade,%)Secondary enrollment (gross,%)Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school(%)Women in nonagricultural sector (% of total nonagricultural employment)Child mortality (under-5 mortality rate per 1,000)Measles immunization (% of children age 12–13 months)
    1998–2005a1998–2005a2001–2005a20052005200420052005
    Eritrea5131707884
    Estonia<26.71029811452.2796
    Ethiopia23.09.155317640.612759
    Finland9.610010910750.7497
    France7.211110547.2587
    Gabon6650949155
    Gambia, The59.34.8479713784
    Georgia6.5878310350.34592
    Germany8.59610046.6593
    Ghana44.85.672449111283
    Greece6.71029610540.7588
    Guatemala13.52.974519138.84377
    Guinea7.055317416059
    Guinea-Bissau5.227186520080
    Guyana<24.59610210039.96392
    Haiti53.92.412054
    Honduras14.93.4796610946.84092
    Hungary<2959710747.0899
    India33.58.189548717.37458
    Indonesia7.58.4102649731.13672
    Iran, Islamic Rep. of<25.196819913.73694
    Iraq74457612590
    Ireland7.410111210347.6684
    Israel5.71059310549.6695
    Italy6.51019910641.3487
    Jamaica<25.3848810447.02084
    Japan10.61029841.2499
    Jordan<26.7978710225.02695
    Kazakhstan<27.41149910649.47399
    Kenya22.86.095499438.712069
    Korea, Dem. Rep. of5596
    Korea, Rep. of<27.9104938741.6599
    Kuwait1019511025.21199
    Kyrgyz Republic<2988610543.86799
    Lao PDR27.08.17647847941
    Latvia<26.6929711553.21195
    Lebanon90891043096
    Lesotho36.41.5673910313285
    Liberia327323594
    Libya1041061997
    Lithuania<29810211052.2997
    Macedonia, FYR<2968410342.31796
    Madagascar61.04.9589611959
    Malawi20.87.061289812.412582
    Goal 5
    Improve maternal health
    Goal 6
    Combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases
    Goal 7
    Ensure environmental sustainability
    Goal 8
    Develop a global partnership for development
    Maternal mortality ratio modeled estimate per 100,000 live births)Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)HIV prevalence (% of population ages 15–49)Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people)Access to an improved water source (% of population)Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of population)Fixed-line and mobile phone suscribers (per 1,000 people)Internet users (per 1,000 people)
    20002000–2005a200520052004200420052005
    630282.42826091816
    631001.343100971402513
    85061.43442213142
    61000.161001001401534
    170.4131001376430
    420867.9308883649848
    540552.4242825319233
    32920.283829433739
    80.171001001628455
    540472.3205751814318
    90.2171472180
    240410.978958645779
    740561.52365018205
    1100353.82065935820
    170862.41498370521213
    680243.830654306470
    110561.578876924736
    161000.12299951257297
    540430.9168863312855
    230720.1239775527173
    76900.22494384103
    72568179571
    51000.2121501276
    1781001545470
    50.571659478
    87971.5793801146404
    100.1281001001202668
    4110059793423118
    2100.1144867235027
    1000426.1641614314332
    679717810059410
    201000.196921286684
    5100241140276
    110990.1121775919154
    650190.115551301204
    421000.86399781131448
    150930.11110098554196
    5505523.2696793716324
    76051301612730
    97189715636
    131000.2631510358
    23990.13088279
    550510.52344632315
    18005614.14097361414
    TABLE A.1Millennium Development Goals (continued)
    Goal 1
    Eradicate extreme poverty
    Goal 2
    Achieve universal primary education
    Goal 3
    Promote gender equality
    Goal 4
    Reduce child mortality
    Poverty (US$1 a day headcount ratio,%)Share of revenue to poorest quintile (%)Primary education completion (gross intake to final primary grade,%)Secondary enrollment (gross,%)Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school(%)Women in nonagricultural sector (% of total nonagricultural employment)Child mortality (under-5 mortality rate per 1,000)Measles immunization (% of children age 12–13 months)
    1998–2005a1998–2005a2001–2005a20052005200420052005
    Malaysia<24.4947610936.91290
    Mali36.16.138247521886
    Mauritania25.96.245219612561
    Mauritius98899837.51598
    Mexico3.04.3998010137.42796
    Moldova<2928210954.61697
    Mongolia10.87.5979411650.34999
    Morocco<26.580508821.84097
    Mozambique36.25.442148214577
    Myanmar794010510572
    Namibia34.91.4756110148.86273
    Nepal24.16.075468817.47474
    Netherlands7.61001199945.4596
    New Zealand6.411811350.5682
    Nicaragua45.15.676661033796
    Niger60.62.6289727.825683
    Nigeria70.85.182348219435
    Norway9.610111610949.2490
    Oman93879925.71298
    Pakistan17.09.36327768.69978
    Panama7.42.5977011043.52499
    Papua New Guinea4.554268735.47460
    Paraguay13.62.4916310143.92390
    Peru10.53.71009210334.62780
    Philippines14.85.4978610640.43380
    Poland<21009710947.2798
    Portugal<25.81049710846.6593
    Puerto Rico39.3
    Romania<28.1938510546.51997
    Russian Federation<2949311050.91899
    Rwanda60.35.339149920389
    São Tomé and Principe77459911888
    Saudi Arabia858810113.52696
    Senegal17.06.652269011974
    Serbia and Montenegro8.3968910345.41596
    Sierra Leone57.01.1307128267
    Singapore5.047.0396
    Slovak Republic<28.8999410452.0898
    Slovenia<29.110210010947.6494
    Solomon Islands30912972
    Somalia22535
    South Africa10.73.5999310145.96882
    Spain7.010911910742.0597
    Sri Lanka5.67.08310243.21499
    Goal 5
    Improve maternal health
    Goal 6
    Combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases
    Goal 7
    Ensure environmental sustainability
    Goal 8
    Develop a global partnership for development
    Maternal mortality ratio modeled estimate per 100,000 live births)Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)HIV prevalence (% of population ages 15–49)Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people)Access to an improved water source (% of population)Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of population)Fixed-line and mobile phone suscribers (per 1,000 people)Internet users (per 1,000 people)
    20002000–2005a200520052004200420052005
    41970.51029994943435
    1200411.72785046704
    1000570.729853342567
    24990.66210094863146
    83830.3239779650181
    361001.1138926848096
    110970.11916259279105
    220630.1898173455153
    10004816.14474332407
    360571.31717877132
    3007619.6697872520637
    740150.51809035264
    160.271001001436739
    70.191283672
    230670.258794726027
    1600161.11644613232
    800353.9283484415138
    160.151001001489735
    879511623111
    500310.1181915911667
    160930.945907355564
    300411.825039441523
    170770.468868037434
    410730.61728363280165
    200600.1291857245954
    131000.1261074262
    51000.4331487279
    251005974221
    49990.113457820208
    67991.111997871119152
    1400393.03617442186
    76105792597131
    23934174070
    690580.9255765717146
    11920.2349387917148
    2000421.64755739192
    301000.3291001001435571
    3990.117100991065464
    171000.1151288545
    1301427031288
    1100250.922429267311
    2309218.86008865825109
    40.6281001001375348
    92960.161799123514
    TABLE A.1Millennium Development Goals (continued)
    Goal 1
    Eradicate extreme poverty
    Goal 2
    Achieve universal primary education
    Goal 3
    Promote gender equality
    Goal 4
    Reduce child mortality
    Poverty (US$1 a day headcount ratio,%)Share of revenue to poorest quintile (%)Primary education completion (gross intake to final primary grade,%)Secondary enrollment (gross,%)Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school(%)Women in nonagricultural sector (% of total nonagricultural employment)Child mortality (under-5 mortality rate per 1,000)Measles immunization (% of children age 12–13 months)
    1998–2005a1998–2005a2001–2005a20052005200420052005
    Sudan50348916.89060
    Swaziland4.364459429.916060
    Sweden9.110311250.9494
    Switzerland7.697939447.1582
    Syrian Arab Republic111689418.21598
    Tajikistan7.47.9102828453.37184
    Tanzania57.87.3549545.412291
    Thailand<26.3827310146.42196
    Togo65407213970
    Trinidad and Tobago12.45.9998810441.11993
    Tunisia<26.0978110525.02496
    Turkey3.488798419.92991
    Turkmenistan6.110499
    Uganda5.757169613686
    Ukraine<29.21148910255.11796
    United Arab Emirates776412614.5992
    United Kingdom6.110510749.4682
    United States5.49510948.5793
    Uruguay<29110811446.81595
    Uzbekistan<27.297959639.56899
    Venezuela, R. B. de18.53.3927510441.52176
    Vietnam9.094769449.11995
    West Bank and Gaza989910417.92399
    Yemen, Rep. of15.77.462486110276
    Zambia63.83.678289218284
    Zimbabwe56.14.680369521.813285
    World18.385659438.17577
    Fragile States65388217856
    Low income74458723.411465
    Middle income96779940.93787
    Lower middle income97769940.23986
    Upper middle income95869944.22793
    Low & middle income84619336.28275
    East Asia & Pacific9.198719940.63383
    Europe & Central Asia0.992919647.63296
    Latin America & Caribbean8.6988610243.33192
    Middle East & North Africa1.589739017.75392
    South Asia31.782508817.88364
    Sub-Saharan Africa41.158318616364
    High income9710010046.0793
    European Monetary Union10110610545.1590
    Goal 5
    Improve maternal health
    Goal 6
    Combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases
    Goal 7
    Ensure environmental sustainability
    Goal 8
    Develop a global partnership for development
    Maternal mortality ratio modeled estimate per 100,000 live births)Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)HIV prevalence (% of population ages 15–49)Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people)Access to an improved water source (% of population)Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of population)Fixed-line and mobile phone suscribers (per 1,000 people)Internet users (per 1,000 people)
    20002000–2005a200520052004200420052005
    590871.622870346977
    3707433.41262624820832
    20.261001001804764
    70.471001001610498
    1607037939030758
    100710.11985951461
    1500436.53426247569
    44991.41429999537110
    570613.237352358249
    160962.6991100861123
    120900.124938569295
    7083299688869222
    31970.1707262828
    880396.436960435617
    351001.499969654697
    5410016100981273308
    13141001616474
    17990.651001001227630
    27990.528100100624193
    24960.211482678034
    96950.7428368606125
    130900.51758561306129
    9721927339867
    57027826743929
    7504317.060058558920
    110020.160181537977
    410631.01368357523137
    8863.127858428526
    684411.7220753811444
    150880.61118462590115
    163870.3113825751195
    91922.21049484901196
    450611.1158805238285
    117870.2137795149689
    58940.7849285898190
    194870.6619177496156
    183740.143907638989
    564370.7174843711949
    921455.8348563714229
    140.4171001001338527
    100.3131001511439
    Source: 2007 World Development Indicators database.Figures in italics refer to periods other than those specified.

    Data are for the most recent year available.

    ‥ Not available
    TABLE A.2Measures of Governance Performance
    Overall governance performanceaBureaucratic capabilityaChecks-and-balances institutionsa
    Control of corruptionBudget and financial managementPublic administrationVoice and accountabilityJustice and rule of law
    TI Corruption Perceptions IndexbICS—unofficial payments for time to get things done (% of sales)cCPIA 13dCPIA15dKK Voice and AccountabilityeKK Rule of Lawe
    Est. 2006S.E.200620052005Est. 2005S.E.Est. 2005S.E.
    Afghanistan–1.280.15–1.680.21
    Albania2.60.31.6430.080.12–0.840.16
    Algeria3.10.96.0–0.920.12–0.710.14
    Angola2.20.52.52.5–1.150.12–1.280.15
    Argentina2.90.50.70.430.14–0.560.13
    Armenia2.90.30.744–0.640.12–0.460.14
    Australia8.70.71.320.161.800.14
    Austria8.60.71.240.161.870.14
    Azerbaijan2.40.42.743–1.160.11–0.840.13
    Bangladesh20.52.133–0.500.12–0.870.14
    Belarus2.10.30.5–1.680.12–1.040.16
    Belgium7.31.31.310.161.470.14
    Benin2.50.84.6430.340.15–0.590.17
    Bhutan63.23.54–1.050.150.520.24
    Bolivia2.70.62.13.53.5–0.090.12–0.780.14
    Bosnia and Herzegovina2.90.40.33.53–0.110.12–0.740.15
    Botswana5.61.81.00.680.140.700.14
    Brazil3.30.50.360.14–0.410.13
    Bulgaria41.41.00.590.11–0.190.13
    Burkina Faso3.20.85.743.5–0.370.13–0.540.19
    Burundi2.40.42.92.52.5–1.150.16–1.170.19
    Cambodia2.10.54.62.52.5–0.940.16–1.130.16
    Cameroon2.30.42.63.53–1.190.14–1.020.15
    Canada8.50.91.320.161.810.14
    Cape Verde0.03.540.830.180.210.21
    Central African Republic2.40.322–1.150.16–1.290.19
    Chad20.532.5–1.250.16–1.230.18
    Chile7.310.31.040.141.200.13
    China3.30.61.6–1.660.12–0.470.13
    Colombia3.91.20.7–0.320.12–0.710.13
    Comoros22–0.280.19–0.960.26
    Congo, Dem. Rep. of2.20.12.52.5–1.640.14–1.760.16
    Congo, Rep. of20.432.5–0.710.18–1.420.17
    Costa Rica4.11.52.30.990.140.540.14
    Côte d’Ivoire2.10.22.52–1.500.14–1.470.16
    Croatia3.40.60.30.510.110.000.13
    Cuba3.52.9–1.870.14–1.140.16
    Czech Republic4.80.80.41.010.110.700.12
    Denmark9.50.21.510.161.990.14
    Djibouti32.5–0.840.19–0.870.21
    Dominican Republic2.80.80.200.14–0.660.14
    Ecuador2.30.32.8–0.160.12–0.840.14
    Egypt, Arab Rep. of3.30.71.3–1.150.120.020.13
    El Salvador41.61.10.260.14–0.370.15
    Equatorial Guinea2.10.5–1.710.19–1.330.20
    Eritrea2.91.30.22.53–1.830.13–0.810.22
    Estonia6.71.30.21.050.120.820.12
    Ethiopia2.40.43.53–1.100.12–0.770.15
    Finland9.60.31.490.161.960.14
    France7.41.11.280.161.350.14
    Gabon30.9–0.710.16–0.480.15
    Gambia, The2.50.52.53–0.720.18–0.290.18
    Georgia2.80.50.23.53.5–0.270.12–0.820.14
    Germany80.60.31.310.161.760.14
    Ghana3.30.63.53.50.410.14–0.230.14
    Greece4.41.10.20.950.160.660.14
    Guatemala2.60.72.6–0.370.14–1.040.14
    Guinea1.90.433–1.180.15–1.110.19
    Guinea-Bissau2.52.5–0.310.18–1.330.21
    Guyana2.50.40.43.52.50.490.18–0.800.18
    Haiti1.80.12.52.5–1.410.15–1.620.20
    Honduras2.50.31.743–0.140.12–0.780.14
    Hong Kong, China8.31.10.260.171.500.14
    Hungary5.20.40.51.010.120.700.12
    India3.30.54.243.50.350.140.090.13
    Indonesia2.40.41.13.53.5–0.210.14–0.870.13
    Iran, Islamic Rep. of2.70.8–1.430.12–0.760.14
    Iraq1.90.5–1.470.14–1.810.17
    Ireland7.41.20.11.410.161.630.14
    Isle of Man
    Israel5.91.30.610.160.760.14
    Italy4.911.000.160.510.14
    Jamaica3.70.60.30.570.14–0.550.14
    Japan7.61.10.940.161.330.14
    Jordan5.31.2–0.740.140.430.13
    Kazakhstan2.60.50.7–1.190.11–0.790.12
    Kenya2.20.42.93.53–0.120.14–0.940.14
    Korea, Dem. Rep. of–2.060.14–1.150.18
    Korea, Rep. of5.10.80.00.740.140.730.13
    Kuwait4.81.4–0.470.150.670.15
    Kyrgyz Republic2.20.62.432.5–1.030.12–1.070.14
    Lao PDR2.61.12.52.5–1.540.13–1.120.17
    Latvia4.71.50.50.890.120.430.13
    Lebanon3.60.62.5–0.720.14–0.360.15
    Lesotho3.20.70.2330.280.18–0.190.19
    Liberia–0.920.15–1.600.26
    Libya2.70.8–1.930.12–0.730.16
    Lithuania4.81.40.80.900.110.460.13
    Macedonia, FYR2.70.30.40.030.11–0.380.14
    Madagascar3.11.40.933.5–0.010.15–0.150.17
    Malawi2.70.51.233.5–0.450.14–0.350.14
    Malaysia51–0.410.140.580.13
    Mali2.80.82.9430.470.15–0.120.17
    Mauritania3.11.64.623–1.090.15–0.540.20
    Mauritius5.12.20.60.920.150.790.15
    Mexico3.30.30.50.290.14–0.480.13
    Moldova3.21.10.83.53–0.490.11–0.590.13
    Mongolia2.81.143.50.360.15–0.260.17
    Morocco3.20.7–0.760.14–0.100.14
    Mozambique2.80.53.53–0.060.13–0.720.15
    Myanmar1.90.5–2.160.14–1.560.17
    Namibia4.11.30.80.360.14–0.010.14
    Nepal2.50.63.53–1.190.15–0.810.15
    Netherlands8.70.71.450.161.780.14
    New Zealand9.60.21.390.161.950.14
    Nicaragua2.60.51.83.53.5–0.010.14–0.700.15
    Niger2.30.54.73.53–0.060.15–0.820.19
    Nigeria2.20.332.5–0.690.14–1.380.14
    Norway8.80.71.450.161.990.14
    Oman5.42.11.0–0.940.170.720.16
    Pakistan2.20.41.63.53.5–1.230.14–0.810.13
    Panama3.10.52.60.520.14–0.110.14
    Papua New Guinea2.40.33.53–0.050.15–0.920.16
    Paraguay2.61.15.3–0.190.12–1.000.14
    Peru3.310.10.040.12–0.770.13
    Philippines2.50.51.20.010.12–0.520.13
    Poland3.71.20.41.040.110.320.12
    Portugal6.61.40.11.320.161.010.14
    Puerto Rico1.030.210.620.28
    Romania3.10.20.60.360.11–0.290.12
    Russian Federation2.50.41.0–0.850.10–0.840.12
    Rwanda2.50.33.53.5–1.320.13–1.000.20
    Saudi Arabia3.31.5–1.720.140.200.15
    Senegal3.30.90.23.53.50.300.14–0.260.15
    Serbia and Montenegro30.60.63.540.120.11–0.810.15
    Sierra Leone2.20.13.53–0.380.15–1.120.20
    Singapore9.40.3–0.290.141.830.13
    Slovak Republic4.70.90.41.040.120.410.12
    Slovenia6.41.30.11.080.120.790.13
    Somalia–1.890.15–2.360.26
    South Africa4.610.10.820.140.190.12
    Spain6.80.90.01.120.161.130.14
    Sri Lanka3.10.80.143–0.260.140.000.14
    Sudan20.42.52.5–1.840.14–1.480.17
    Swaziland2.50.50.5–1.280.15–0.750.19
    Sweden9.20.31.410.161.840.14
    Switzerland9.10.31.430.162.020.14
    Syrian Arab Republic2.90.9–1.670.12–0.420.16
    Taiwan, China5.90.60.790.140.830.13
    Tajikistan2.20.41.032.5–1.170.11–0.990.15
    Tanzania2.90.40.24.53.5–0.310.14–0.470.14
    Thailand3.60.70.070.120.100.13
    Timor-Leste2.60.70.180.18–0.550.26
    Togo2.40.722–1.230.15–1.070.19
    Trinidad and Tobago3.20.80.440.16–0.070.15
    Tunisia4.61.7–1.130.120.210.14
    Turkey3.80.90.4–0.040.120.070.13
    Turkmenistan2.20.6–1.950.12–1.410.15
    Uganda2.70.61.343–0.590.14–0.740.14
    Ukraine2.80.51.4–0.260.11–0.600.12
    United Arab Emirates6.21.3–1.080.140.580.15
    United Kingdom8.60.71.300.161.690.14
    United States7.31.21.190.161.590.14
    Uruguay6.41.10.10.990.140.430.14
    Uzbekistan2.10.40.632.5–1.760.11–1.310.14
    Venezuela, R. B. de2.30.2–0.500.14–1.220.13
    Vietnam2.60.50.543.5–1.600.14–0.450.13
    West Bank and Gaza–1.220.20–0.520.31
    Yemen, Rep. of2.60.333–1.070.14–1.010.15
    Zambia2.60.91.133–0.350.12–0.620.14
    Zimbabwe2.40.82.52–1.650.14–1.470.14
    Sources: Various indicators as labeled for individual columns.

    Though shown only for KK and TI, all indicators have margins of error

    Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) score relates to perceptions of the degree of corruption as seen by businesspeople and country analysts and ranges between 10 (highly clean) and 0 (highly corrupt) (http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2006)

    The CPIA 2005 data are grouped from strong (1) to weak (5)

    KK Governance indicators lie between–2.5 amd 2.5, with higher scores corresponding to better ourcomes (www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/data)

    ‥ Not available
    TABLE A.3aTrade Restrictiveness Index (TRI) and deadweight loss(US$, millions)
    TRIDWLDWL/GDPTRI Agric.DWL Agric.TRI Mfg.DWL Mfg.
    Albania990.1%8198
    Algeria152190.2%144215176
    Argentina164320.2%11616426
    Australia72840.0%587275
    Bangladesh662,1033.5%1111742,091
    Belarus10710.2%119962
    Bolivia870.1%10186
    Brazil114960.1%92411472
    Brunei840.1%0084
    Burkina Faso13100.2%141129
    Cameroon16340.2%1881527
    Canada142,8670.3%542,5555312
    Chile6400.0%63636
    China91,9910.1%1425881,733
    Colombia141860.2%163214154
    Costa Rica8200.1%136714
    Côte d’Ivoire11220.1%1241118
    Egypt, Arab Rep. of346770.8%4123532442
    El Salvador9190.1%179710
    Ethiopia16280.3%1441724
    European Union1413,6720.1%4912,04551,626
    Gabon18160.2%2141812
    Ghana17610.6%1381854
    Guatemala8320.1%128724
    Honduras790.1%11465
    Hong Kong, China000.0%0000
    Iceland670.0%13344
    India212,3210.3%781,196151,125
    Indonesia81980.1%7188181
    Japan3327,5670.6%8524,321123,246
    Jordan15950.7%16171478
    Kazakhstan330.0%3032
    Kenya15490.3%35311018
    Korea, Rep. of4824,8733.2%18324,3747500
    Lebanon9380.2%1719719
    Madagascar1180.2%111117
    Malawi14100.5%121149
    Malaysia104320.3%5710425
    Mali1170.1%141105
    Mauritius660.1%8264
    Mexico214,4280.6%522,111162,317
    Morocco255941.1%4319421400
    Moldova630.1%11152
    New Zealand8850.0%1315869
    Nicaragua870.1%13275
    Nigeria131180.1%24491069
    Norway145610.2%45462699
    Oman5100.0%4159
    Papua N. Guinea730.1%12262
    Paraguay11160.2%1211115
    Peru10580.1%1111947
    Philippines6930.1%1741552
    Romania186050.6%267517530
    Russian Fed.125750.1%1716910406
    Rwanda2350.3%221234
    Saudi Arabia5700.0%715555
    Senegal11170.2%1261011
    Singapore000.0%0000
    South Africa124080.2%91013398
    Sri Lanka10410.2%1714928
    Sudan20740.3%2092065
    Switzerland105590.2%39513346
    Tanzania15320.3%30171115
    Thailand116280.4%156211567
    Trinidad and Tobago10300.2%2110920
    Tunisia263871.3%5311023276
    Turkey94520.1%372656187
    Uganda19360.4%32201416
    Ukraine7850.1%76780
    Uruguay10150.1%1321013
    USA73,7700.0%1371463,055
    Venezuela, R. B. de141100.1%16201390
    Zambia12190.3%1731216
    High income1074,5370.2%4065,29949,237
    Middle income1513,3200.2%303,800129,520
    Low income165,2490.4%181,398163,852
    Source: World Bank staff estimates.Note: TRI is estimated using the most recent available tariff schedules (2005-2006). These data originates from the UNCTAD TRAINS and World Bank WITS databases. TRI is the uniform tariffs that would provide the same level of welfare in the importing country as the existing tariff structure. Deadweight loss (DWL) is measured by comparing the existing TRI to zero tariff. Deadweight loss is in million USD. For a detailed discussion of the methodology used to estimate the TRI see Kee, Nicita, and Olarreaga (2006).
    TABLE A.3bOverall Trade Restrictiveness Index (OTRI) and import loss(US$, millions)
    All ProductsAgricultureManufacturing
    OTRIImport Loss
    (US$, millions)
    Import Loss
    (Percent of
    Total Imports)
    OTRIImport Loss
    (US$, millions)
    OTRIImport Loss
    (US$, millions)
    Albania7–165–6%9–377–129
    Algeria38–4,567–25%54–1,23534–3,332
    Argentina16–4,237–15%19–15516–4,083
    Australia10–8,239–7%41–1,4548–6,785
    Bangladesh28–1,327–12%30–31327–1,014
    Belarus16–1,721–10%34–33713–1,384
    Bolivia15–209–9%35–5112–158
    Brazil22–11,185–15%35–1,04521–10,140
    Brunei9–77–6%19–207–57
    Burkina Faso13–126–10%36–3410–93
    Cameroon16–341–12%22–7514–266
    Canada7–14,302–5%34–3,3065–10,996
    Chile9–1,746–6%29–3557–1,392
    China11–43,411–7%19–3,37711–40,034
    Colombia22–2,936–14%46–70919–2,227
    Costa Rica5–301–3%11–674–233
    Côte d’Ivoire29–700–12%53–30920–391
    Egypt, Arab Rep. of32–2,211–17%39–61430–1,597
    El Salvador12–369–8%16–8911–281
    Ethiopia14–228–8%11–4014–189
    European Union9–73,084–2%56–26,9015–46,183
    Gabon16–127–13%19–3615–92
    Ghana14–468–11%23–15612–312
    Guatemala13–900–9%48–3289–572
    Honduras5–159–3%19–813–79
    Hong Kong, China2–2,104–1%17–7491–1,355
    Iceland5–171–3%19–454–126
    India20–15,092–10%99–1,84917–13,243
    Indonesia6–2,706–5%16–6524–2,054
    Japan16–38,760–8%75–24,4475–14,313
    Jordan23–1,327–13%27–22822–1,099
    Kazakhstan10–474–3%43–1477–327
    Kenya9–277–6%29–995–178
    Korea, Rep. of10–12,078–5%86–3,7414–8,337
    Lebanon17–939–10%64–4838–456
    Madagascar9–104–9%9–139–91
    Malawi16–141–12%31–4413–97
    Malaysia22–12,191–11%47–1,70420–10,487
    Mali12–108–11%27–2910–79
    Mauritius14–235–7%33–9410–141
    Mexico27–34,405–15%63–5,05124–29,354
    Moldova5–74–3%7–155–59
    Morocco39–4,484–22%80–91033–3,574
    New Zealand14–2,249–8%36–43212–1,817
    Nicaragua12–195–8%43–867–109
    Nigeria26–2,295–15%63–59820–1,697
    Norway6–1,513–3%46–1,0232–490
    Oman10–657–7%47–2915–366
    Papua N. Guinea9–66–5%31–394–27
    Paraguay14–272–9%48–6511–207
    Peru18–1,483–12%56–54011–942
    Philippines14–3,891–8%48–80012–3,091
    Romania17–4,984–12%42–63816–4,346
    Russian Fed.26–14,221–14%44–3,47222–10,749
    Rwanda24–39–15%20–725–31
    Saudi Arabia8–3,078–5%19–6216–2,458
    Senegal33–610–17%47–24228–368
    Singapore14–12,906–6%54–1,57013–11,336
    South Africa7–3,174–6%12–2897–2,885
    Sri Lanka6–419–5%16–1265–293
    Sudan47–998–14%47–12647–873
    Switzerland6–4,160–3%42–1,9683–2,192
    Tanzania40–640–23%50–10738–533
    Thailand8–6,112–5%44–1,4076–4,705
    Trinidad and Tobago7–306–5%25–825–224
    Tunisia30–2,155–16%81–33826–1,818
    Turkey11–9,022–8%23–63911–8,383
    Uganda10–159–8%19–518–109
    Ukraine10–2,381–7%10–17510–2,206
    Uruguay16–310–8%50–6613–244
    USA9–91,807–5%26–14,7458–77,062
    Venezuela, R. B. de23–1,822–8%58–54116–1,281
    Zambia10–205–8%31–368–169
    High income8261,6054680,5576181,048
    Middle income16180,2703727,08313153,186
    Low income1629,214305,0531324,161
    Source: World Bank staff estimates.Note: OTRI is estimated using the most recent available tariff schedules (2005–2006) and nontariff measures (about 2001). These data originate from the UNCTAD TRAINS and World Bank WITS databases. The OTRI measures the restrictiveness of a country’s own trade policies. It is defined as the uniform tariff that would keep aggregate imports at their observed level. Import loss is calculated by comparing the existing OTRI to zero tariff. Import Loss is in million USD. For a detailed methodology on the estimation of the OTRI see Kee, Nicita, and Olarreaga (2006). The OTRI published here is not directly comparable with the OTRI published in previous Global Monitoring Reports, as the underlining data have been improved. There are 21 fewer countries due to consolidation in the European Union (8) and elimination of 13 countries estimated out of sample (basically without their own data).
    TABLE A.3cMarket Access-Overall Trade Restrictiveness Index (MA-OTRI)
    MA-OTRIMA-OTRI Ag.MA-OTRI Mfg.
    Albania403441
    Algeria11
    Argentina35547
    Australia21576
    Bangladesh441646
    Belarus10349
    Bolivia12344
    Brazil18446
    Brunei1616
    Burkina Faso235514
    Cameroon18542
    Canada6332
    Chile20357
    China152314
    Colombia15295
    Costa Rica212614
    Côte d’Ivoire26303
    Egypt, Arab Rep. of143011
    El Salvador473748
    Ethiopia465610
    European Union254018
    Gabon202
    Ghana32452
    Guatemala342542
    Honduras412745
    Hong Kong, China243824
    Iceland28405
    India233221
    Indonesia183016
    Japan1010
    Jordan283828
    Kazakhstan9238
    Kenya395013
    Korea, Rep. of1414
    Lebanon12269
    Madagascar221436
    Malawi343611
    Malaysia142412
    Mali101910
    Mauritius5110134
    Mexico133510
    Moldova324524
    Morocco284920
    New Zealand45667
    Nicaragua293029
    Nigeria12610
    Norway8364
    Oman2122
    Papua N. Guinea21464
    Paraguay13185
    Peru14289
    Philippines131513
    Romania224122
    Russian Fed.8305
    Rwanda37654
    Saudi Arabia44
    Senegal313712
    Singapore99
    South Africa10483
    Sri Lanka343235
    Sudan38724
    Switzerland9916
    Tanzania29435
    Thailand267115
    Trinidad and Tobago3802
    Tunisia242724
    Turkey233822
    Uganda35397
    Ukraine11347
    Uruguay36668
    USA11428
    Venezuela, R. B. de393
    Zambia234318
    High income15539
    Middle income213916
    Low income303919
    Source: World Bank staff estimates.Note: MA-OTRI is estimated using the most recent available tariff schedules (2005–2006) and non tariff measures (about 2001). These data originate from the UNCTAD TRAINS and World Bank WITS databases. The MA-OTRI is calculated accounting for tariff preferences. The MA-OTRI measures the restrictiveness of other countries’ trade policies on the export bundle of each country. For a detailed methodology on the estimation of the MA-OTRI see Kee, Nicita, and Olarreaga (2006). The MA-OTRI published here is not directly comparable with the MA-OTRI published in previous Global Monitoring Reports, as the underlining data have been improved. There are 21 fewer countries due to consolidation in the European Union (8) and elimination of 13 countries estimated out of sample (basically without their own data). MA-OTRI Ag. was not estimated for Algeria, Brunei, Indonesia, Rep. of Korea, Saudia Arabia, and Singapore owing to their limited agricultural exports.
    TABLE A.4aNet Official Development Assistance (ODA) by DAC and non-DAC Countries
    20012005
    of which:
    ODA (current US$ millions)ODA (percent of GNI)ODA (current US$ millions)Technical Co-operation GrantsHumanitarian and Food Aid GrantsDebt Forgiveness GrantsaOther Bilateral ODAbContributions to MultilateralODA (percent of GNI)
    DAC Donors
    Austria6330.34157315089904573410.52
    Belgium8670.3719635001244721666550.53
    Denmark16341.03210911522509017510.81
    Finland3890.3290298911502243050.46
    France41980.31100262364652321167827870.47
    Germany49900.27100822865357344157826350.36
    Greece2020.1738477270731780.17
    Ireland2870.33719138503542370.42
    Italy16270.15509112179167036028210.29
    Luxembourg1390.762564250147690.82
    Netherlands31730.825115609503324200214320.82
    Portugal2680.25377115133721590.21
    Spain17370.3301848314547365811550.27
    Sweden16660.77336214040553153211060.94
    United Kingdom45790.32107678456283506275826030.47
    DAC EU Members,
    Total263880.3355745849834481420710559172360.45
    Australia8730.251680740324192902310.25
    Canada15330.22375633534445514509240.34
    Japan98470.231314718735743553370427400.28
    New Zealand1120.2527441660102500.27
    Norway13460.82786320412011647540.94
    Switzerland9080.3417671543292246643670.44
    United States114290.1127623896641114076707123430.22
    DAC Members, Total524350.221067772092696072253325003246440.33
    Non-DAC Donors
    Czech Republic270.0513515191017710.11
    Hungary10040610.11
    Iceland100.13272070.18
    Korea, Rep. of2650.0675280273372890.1
    Poland360.02205481570.07
    Saudi Arabia*4901700
    Other Arab Countries20068963356
    Slovak Republic80.045631250.12
    Turkey640.04601163179134690.17
    Other Bilateral Donors9566556898
    Non-DAC Countries, Total11944931258225101827832

    Debt forgiveness grants are offset in order to avoid double-counting of Debt forgiveness of loans previously counted as ODA.

    Other Bilateral ODA is Bilateral ODA-special purpose grants (technical cooperation, debt forgiveness, food and emergency aid) and administrative costs (not shown).

    *

    Saudi Arabia has not yet reported to the DAC. No breakdown by instrument is available. $1700 is an estimate from the DAC.

    TABLE A.4bNet Official Development Assistance (ODA) Receipts
    20012005
    of which:
    ODA (current US$ millions)ODA (current US$ millions)Technical Co–operation GrantsDebt Forgiveness GrantsFood and Emergency Aid GrantsOther ODAODA per capita (in current US$)ODA (percent of GNI)
    Afghanistan405277511320296134838.5
    Albania2703199808214101.823.7
    Algeria22437119938419311.280.4
    Angola28344280012224027.721.7
    Argentina1461006101382.570.1
    Armenia198193850466264.073.9
    Azerbaijan2322237603811026.642.0
    Bangladesh1025132119158610399.312.1
    Belarus39542805215.500.0
    Benin2723499421024441.368.2
    Bhutan619023006798.0611.0
    Bolivia73458319343635163.486.5
    Bosnia and Herzegovina639546135448360139.775.7
    Botswana297153101740.170.8
    Brazil22919219202–21.030.0
    Burkina Faso3906609742553449.8612.8
    Burundi13736540415117048.3646.8
    Cambodia41853818102033638.2210.4
    Cameroon4864141521481310025.352.5
    Cape Verde7716144010107316.8817.1
    Central African Republic669539265023.607.0
    Chad18538047211122038.968.6
    Chile571526002899.310.1
    China147317578590378611.350.1
    Colombia3805114480531111.210.4
    Comoros27251303942.026.6
    Congo, Dem. Rep. of2431828189143332116431.7627.5
    Congo, Rep. of74144932123426156362.3136.8
    Costa Rica2302901–06.820.2
    Côte d’Ivoire169119771158–276.560.8
    Croatia11312552086628.220.3
    Cuba54883309467.79
    Djibouti587932054199.1110.1
    Dominican Republic107776502118.660.3
    Ecuador173210139–42810415.840.6
    Egypt, Arab Rep. of1256926386148239012.511.0
    El Salvador237199860526128.981.2
    Equatorial Guinea133917302077.450.0
    Eritrea28135526017115880.6936.3
    Ethiopia1104193721734678100827.1917.4
    Fiji266429003575.452.3
    Gabon9544601838.930.7
    Gambia, The545810034538.3313.1
    Georgia30031013204912969.234.7
    Ghana6411120129662290350.6510.6
    Guatemala227254970629520.130.8
    Guinea281182635357919.376.9
    Guinea-Bissau5979161174549.8827.3
    Guyana971372813105182.0818.6
    Haiti171515143015222060.3912.1
    Honduras6796811081584836794.508.2
    India17011724363010412581.580.2
    Indonesia1467252447610667137111.440.9
    Iran, Islamic Rep. of1141047502451.540.1
    Iraq121216541646139204845603
    Jamaica543644910–2713.450.4
    Jordan44962212602494114.954.7
    Kazakhstan148229950712815.130.5
    Kenya46276820637648322.434.3
    Korea, Dem. Rep. of1188110046263.61
    Kyrgyz Republic1892689341515652.0711.4
    Lao PDR245296820720749.9211.2
    Lebanon24324310503510367.931.2
    Lesotho566914064938.343.8
    Liberia382365501305271.9354.1
    Libya7241101134.180.0
    Macedonia, FYR24723010103127113.234.0
    Madagascar374929962944149849.9418.7
    Malawi40457510156840144.6628.4
    Malaysia27325302–231.250.0
    Mali35169213052852951.1514.1
    Mauritania2671904414510162.0410.4
    Mauritius21322400825.580.5
    Mexico7318914901391.840.0
    Moldova122192600577545.595.8
    Mongolia2112128601511182.9511.6
    Morocco5186523860626021.611.3
    Mozambique9311286205439103864.9720.8
    Myanmar12614541133702.86
    Namibia10912366005760.732.0
    Nepal39142812853426115.775.8
    Nicaragua93074011113144454134.8815.2
    Niger25651565237835036.9315.2
    Nigeria168643723455482563148.947.4
    Oman13111002011.950.0
    Pakistan19421667201069876710.701.5
    Panama28202700–76.050.1
    Papua New Guinea2032661610410245.216.6
    Paraguay6151460058.300.6
    Peru44939822871215214.220.5
    Philippines5725622470362796.760.5
    Rwanda299576114115140063.7327.4
    São Tomé and Principe3832110120203.8158.6
    Senegal413689224851137059.128.4
    Serbia and Montenegro1306113232620181524138.544.3
    Sierra Leone3433433144626262.1529.6
    Solomon Islands591981430154414.9570.5
    Somalia148236901656228.73
    South Africa4287002700242815.490.3
    Sri Lanka313118997040069260.735.1
    Sudan18118291310126743150.477.1
    Swaziland29465043740.701.7
    Syrian Arab Republic153787707–74.090.3
    Tajikistan1692415704513937.0910.8
    Tanzania12691505196147126139.2712.5
    Thailand281–171149045–364–2.66–0.1
    Timor-Leste1941857405105189.3726.7
    Togo438734254714.114.0
    Tunisia3773771460222937.571.4
    Turkey1694641770762126.390.1
    Turkmenistan7228240045.840.0
    Uganda7901198235118777541.5814.0
    Ukraine5194102280121708.690.0
    Uruguay151515–9084.220.1
    Uzbekistan1531727603946.481.3
    Venezuela, R. B. de444936014–01.830.0
    Vietnam14501905316113157522.963.7
    West Bank and Gaza86911022080153740303.81
    Yemen, Rep. of4583365911526116.022.6
    Zambia3499451813403738880.9914.2
    Zimbabwe1623686108422328.2611.6
    East Asia & Pacific7390949731981211475140
    Europe & Central Asia5230573220362095842902
    Latin America & Caribbean5868630927832686322626
    Middle East & North Africa4905269473550141088178472
    South Asia586192612144916555452
    Sub-Saharan Africa139813262048637985473115041
    Unspecified by Region87581600841400184810021
    Fragile States6198214773555695734837482
    Low-income Countries208784035369796615564321115
    Lower-Middle-income Countries1832243146887915971282315473
    Upper-Middle-income Countries174627761353–51501278
    Middle-income Countries20580469131061215966308217254
    Unallocated1053519106512310269011284
    Developing Countries, Total5199310637222714225911141549653
    Source: OECD DAC DatabaseRegional totals do not include ODA that is unspecufued by region. The total for developing countries includes ODA that is unallocated by country or income group. Income group totals reflect the classifications used in the World Development Indicators which are different than the classifications used elsewhere in this report.
    TABLE A.5Measures of Gender Performance
    Primary EducationaChild MortalitybLabor Force Participationc
    Between 20 to 24 years oldBetween 25 to 49 years old
    Female primary completion rateFemale-to-male ratio: Primary completion rateFemale under-5 mortality rateFemale-to-male ratio: under-5 mortality rateFemale labor force participationFemale-to-male ratio: Labor force participationFemale labor force participationFemale-to-male ratio: Labor force participation
    2001–2004d2001–2004d2000–2005d2000–2005d2000–2005d2000–2005a2000–2005d2000–2005d
    Afghanistan2551.0221.00.2724.50.27
    Albania99.21.0031.30.8647.40.9964.70.83
    Algeria94.51.0139.60.95
    Angola230.80.8961.481.7
    Argentina103.11.0515.10.7744.70.6360.90.64
    Armenia107.61.0232.50.8740.10.7157.30.71
    Azerbaijan95.20.9886.50.9244.30.6662.40.69
    Bangladesh78.81.0679.51.016.90.0110.40.11
    Belarus98.70.9614.60.7162.31.0390.30.97
    Benin38.30.65158.80.9773.61.1988.80.93
    Bhutan81.70.9669.30.9677.30.83
    Bolivia97.90.9667.40.8859.20.7677.70.80
    Bosnia and Herzegovina140.8154.00.6552.50.56
    Botswana94.11.05100.20.90
    Brazil111.41.0130.50.7663.00.7266.70.71
    Bulgaria97.40.9814.90.8163.80.8283.00.93
    Burkina Faso25.30.76190.70.9579.00.8985.90.88
    Burundi26.90.68175.80.8980.996.3
    Cambodia77.80.91134.40.9279.90.9281.90.86
    Cameroon57.60.84155.30.9157.50.8278.10.83
    Cape Verde95.31.0025.20.5462.80.7670.30.75
    Central African Republic159.30.83
    Chad18.40.45191.30.89
    Chile94.60.988.50.7847.20.6956.50.60
    China47.11.36
    Colombia96.41.0430.10.8564.20.7568.30.71
    Comoros49.00.9568.30.80
    Congo, Dem. Rep. of200.70.90
    Congo, Rep. of63.20.9196.50.81
    Costa Rica93.51.0310.70.7953.80.6354.00.56
    Côte d’Ivoire33.70.65180.10.9150.70.7665.00.70
    Croatia90.80.997.60.8851.30.8478.20.90
    Cuba92.10.996.90.81
    Czech Republic104.01.005.70.93
    Djibouti25.00.75131.20.8861.342.2
    Dominican Republic93.41.0645.50.8249.50.5760.30.64
    Ecuador101.11.0125.10.7348.50.6159.00.62
    Egypt, Arab Rep. of92.80.9638.90.8352.253.9
    El Salvador86.21.0131.20.8245.30.5759.80.64
    Equatorial Guinea47.00.87172.60.91
    Eritrea34.40.6889.50.91
    Estonia100.20.989.20.6556.60.7384.90.89
    Ethiopia48.80.80163.70.9156.50.6459.90.62
    Gabon67.61.0490.10.90
    Gambia, The121.80.9047.066.0
    Georgia87.51.0438.60.8135.970.1
    Germany
    Ghana68.70.91100.20.9767.293.0
    Guatemala65.40.8745.50.7934.20.4036.90.39
    Guinea38.80.67167.21.0279.589.3
    Guinea-Bissau19.30.56199.50.90
    Guyana91.50.9257.20.7342.851.2
    Haiti1020.8748.70.8170.60.82
    Honduras81.81.06430.8142.40.4851.00.54
    Hungary95.91.019.40.8061.80.9486.20.98
    India83.90.901021.0728.10.3437.10.38
    Indonesia102.11.0147.20.7849.30.6051.00.52
    Iran, Islamic Rep. of96.91.0539.41.01
    Iraq62.70.74118.40.92
    Jamaica85.71.0319.50.8939.40.6950.40.76
    Jordan96.30.9925.60.9328.40.3724.30.26
    Kazakhstan109.50.9962.80.6965.60.8688.20.93
    Kenya90.30.971100.8848.857.0
    Korea, Dem. Rep. of54.90.87
    Kyrgyz Republic93.41.0160.30.8455.50.8184.30.92
    Lao PDR69.60.89137.10.95
    Latvia92.00.9912.90.9048.60.7285.50.96
    Lebanon96.51.0521.20.67
    Lesotho82.01.37116.20.9064.60.9473.00.81
    Liberia214.80.92
    Libya21.11.00
    Lithuania97.20.999.50.6994.20.9497.10.97
    Macedonia, FYR97.31.0217.10.88
    Madagascar46.01.03125.80.9254.30.8154.00.90
    Malawi57.20.96179.10.9416.20.6718.00.52
    Malaysia91.11.0011.40.78
    Mali29.60.51217.20.97
    Mauritania41.00.91149.60.9222.40.5227.80.44
    Mauritius99.41.0415.30.76
    Mexico99.61.0221.80.8042.40.5353.00.56
    Moldova91.51.0128.50.8375.70.9879.21.01
    Mongolia96.31.0283.20.9547.70.8475.90.95
    Morocco72.00.9138.60.7230.335.3
    Mozambique23.40.681730.9177.886.6
    Myanmar79.11.03102.30.84
    Namibia85.31.1274.50.9248.666.2
    Nepal69.50.87911.0770.982.8
    Nicaragua77.01.0135.20.7938.60.4753.20.58
    Niger20.00.67266.51.0230.90.5147.40.54
    Nigeria68.20.83196.60.9633.01.0363.70.72
    Oman89.60.9716.50.87
    Pakistan118.61.0826.60.3330.40.33
    Panama96.91.0122.90.7546.40.5557.30.60
    Papua New Guinea49.50.861031.01
    Paraguay91.11.0139.50.7858.20.6864.10.67
    Peru98.90.9946.90.8262.10.7874.10.78
    Philippines99.91.07280.71
    Poland9.70.8760.20.9565.20.99
    Romania92.80.9918.70.7365.80.9971.30.98
    Russian Federation18.70.7772.20.94100.01.00
    Rwanda36.80.97178.40.8985.395.1
    Senegal41.70.85129.70.9628.252.6
    Serbia and Montenegro95.90.9913.80.8249.20.8174.50.82
    Sierra Leone277.40.9257.41.1978.40.95
    Slovak Republic99.61.009.40.90
    Somalia205.80.95
    South Africa97.51.0469.30.8946.10.8767.90.80
    Spain
    Sri Lanka14.80.6055.30.6447.60.50
    Sudan44.50.84112.70.90
    Swaziland64.21.10134.10.8847.10.7555.20.67
    Syrian Arab Republic104.30.9617.80.74
    Tajikistan89.60.95109.70.9044.10.7754.30.71
    Tanzania53.10.96155.70.9174.20.8579.60.82
    Thailand18.70.6270.60.8786.20.88
    Timor-Leste130.20.9442.00.5540.80.43
    Togo55.00.71128.70.88
    Trinidad and Tobago95.31.0215.90.7441.346.8
    Tunisia97.51.01230.85
    Turkey82.30.8843.70.8040.70.5038.80.41
    Turkmenistan88.70.81
    Uganda53.30.881330.9282.51.0692.80.96
    Ukraine14.80.7252.30.7481.80.88
    Uruguay92.91.0412.60.7066.60.7977.80.81
    Uzbekistan96.51.0063.50.84
    Venezuela, R. B. de92.01.0626.80.8546.90.5861.70.65
    Vietnam97.60.94330.7579.80.9794.00.96
    West Bank and Gaza98.71.0121.80.81
    Yemen, Rep. of45.60.58910.9213.519.3
    Zambia61.50.87164.90.9154.30.9768.60.75
    Zimbabwe78.60.96110.10.89
    Sources:

    2006 World Development Indicators database.

    2004 World Population Prospects.

    Household surveys various year.

    Data are for the most recent year available.

    Figures in italics refer to periods other than those specified.‥ Not available

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