Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office
Published Date:
March 2005
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    Photographs:

    Top: IEO speakers at a seminar in Tokyo.

    Photo courtesy of Institute for International Monetary Affairs

    Center: IEO Acting Director and staff at a meeting in Washington.

    ©IMF photo

    Bottom: Participants at an IEO workshop in Berlin.

    Photo courtesy of InWEnt

    Established by the IMF’s Executive Board in July 2001, the Independent Evaluation Office provides objective and independent evaluation on issues related to the IMF. The office operates independently of IMF management and at arm’s length from the IMF’s Executive Board. It enhances the learning culture of the IMF, promotes understanding of the IMF’s work, and supports the IMF’s Executive Board in its governance and oversight. Further information on the office and its work program can be found on its website (www.imf.org/ieo).

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    ISBN 9781589064362

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    Contents

    The following symbols have been used in this report:

    –between years or months (e.g. 2002–03 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

    FY to indicate a fiscal (financial) year. FY2003 is May 2002 to April 2003 and FY2004 is May 2003 to April 2004.

    “Billion” means a thousand million.

    Message from the Acting Director

    The Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) was established by the IMF Executive Board in 2001 with a view to increasing transparency and accountability and strengthening the learning culture in the International Monetary Fund. This second Annual Report describes the activities of the IEO during its second full year of operation.

    The report summarizes the findings and recommendations of two additional completed evaluation projects: on the IMF’s experience with Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers and the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility; and the role of the IMF in Argentina, 1991-2001. A third project, Assessing IMF Technical Assistance, will be submitted to the Executive Board in early 2005. This Annual Report also discusses the status of ongoing evaluations: the IMF’s Approach to Capital Account Liberalization; the Financial Sector Assessment Program; and IMF Assistance to Jordan. Two additional projects are already on our agenda—evaluations of IMF Multilateral Surveillance and of IMF Structural Conditionality—and draft issues papers will be posted on the IEO website for public comments in early 2005.

    We are now beginning the process of identifying potential candidates for the menu from which future IEO work programs will be chosen. A preliminary list of possible topics is described in this Annual Report, and we invite comments on these and other potential topics.

    The IEO’s terms of reference give an exceptional degree of independence, and we have developed procedures, described in this Annual Report, to promote high standards of transparency. Conducting effective evaluations would not be possible without the active cooperation of the institution being evaluated, and we would like to record our appreciation for the excellent collaboration we have received from the Executive Board, IMF management, and the staff.

    Our experience in the first two full years of operation underscores the vital importance of giving interested external stakeholders an opportunity to interact with the IEO at various stages, including in defining the work program and determining the detailed terms of reference of individual studies. An increasing number of commentators are also taking advantage of the opportunities we provide to submit substantive inputs on items included in the terms of reference of each study. We welcome feedback on both our ongoing work and our future work program, which can be provided through the IEO website (www.imf.org/ieo).

    Finally, I and the rest of the IEO staff would like to express our deepest gratitude to Montek Ahluwalia, the first Director of the IEO. Montek resigned at the end of June 2004 in order to take up a cabinet-level position in the Indian government. His contribution as a leader, the combination of intellectual insights and practical experience with policymaking that he brought to the complex task of evaluating the activities of the IMF, as well as his warmth as a friend and colleague are missed by all of us.

    The IMF’s Executive Board has begun the search for a new Director, with the goal that the person appointed will take up the position as early as possible in 2005.

    David Goldsbrough

    Abbreviations and Acronyms

    FSAP

    Financial Sector Assessment Program

    FSSA

    Financial Sector Stability Assessment

    GFSR

    Global Financial Stability Report

    IEO

    Independent Evaluation Office (IMF)

    IFI

    International financial institution

    IMFC

    International Monetary and Financial Committee

    JSA

    Joint Staff Assessment

    JSAN

    Joint Staff Advisory Note

    MDGs

    Millennium Development Goals

    OECD

    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

    OED

    Operations Evaluation Department (World Bank)

    PEM

    Public expenditure management

    PRGF

    Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

    PRS

    Poverty Reduction Strategy

    PRSP

    Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

    ROSC

    Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes

    SBA

    Stand-By Arrangement

    TA

    Technical assistance

    UN

    United Nations

    WEO

    World Economic Outlook

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