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Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
Published Date:
October 2014
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    Contents

    Country Chapters1

    Afghanistan

    Albania

    Algeria

    Angola

    Antigua and Barbuda

    Argentina

    Armenia

    Aruba

    Australia

    Austria

    Azerbaijan

    The Bahamas

    Bahrain

    Bangladesh

    Barbados

    Belarus

    Belgium

    Belize

    Benin

    Bhutan

    Bolivia

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Botswana

    Brazil

    Brunei Darussalam

    Bulgaria

    Burkina Faso

    Burundi

    Cabo Verde

    Cambodia

    Cameroon

    Canada

    Central African Republic

    Chad

    Chile

    China

    Colombia

    Comoros

    Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Republic of Congo

    Costa Rica

    Côte d’Ivoire

    Croatia

    Curaçao and Sint Maarten

    Cyprus

    Czech Republic

    Denmark

    Djibouti

    Dominica

    Dominican Republic

    Ecuador

    Egypt

    El Salvador

    Equatorial Guinea

    Eritrea

    Estonia

    Ethiopia

    Fiji

    Finland

    France

    Gabon

    The Gambia

    Georgia

    Germany

    Ghana

    Greece

    Grenada

    Guatemala

    Guinea

    Guinea-Bissau

    Guyana

    Haiti

    Honduras

    Hong Kong SAR

    Hungary

    Iceland

    India

    Indonesia

    Islamic Republic of Iran

    Iraq

    Ireland

    Israel

    Italy

    Jamaica

    Japan

    Jordan

    Kazakhstan

    Kenya

    Kiribati

    Korea

    Kosovo

    Kuwait

    Kyrgyz Republic

    Lao P.D.R.

    Latvia

    Lebanon

    Lesotho

    Liberia

    Libya

    Lithuania

    Luxembourg

    Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

    Madagascar

    Malawi

    Malaysia

    Maldives

    Mali

    Malta

    Marshall Islands

    Mauritania

    Mauritius

    Mexico

    Micronesia

    Moldova

    Mongolia

    Montenegro

    Morocco

    Mozambique

    Myanmar

    Namibia

    Nepal

    Netherlands

    New Zealand

    Nicaragua

    Niger

    Nigeria

    Norway

    Oman

    Pakistan

    Palau

    Panama

    Papua New Guinea

    Paraguay

    Peru

    Philippines

    Poland

    Portugal

    Qatar

    Romania

    Russia

    Rwanda

    St. Kitts and Nevis

    St. Lucia

    St. Vincent and the Grenadines

    Samoa

    San Marino

    São Tomé and Príncipe

    Saudi Arabia

    Senegal

    Serbia

    Seychelles

    Sierra Leone

    Singapore

    Slovak Republic

    Slovenia

    Solomon Islands

    Somalia

    South Africa

    South Sudan

    Spain

    Sri Lanka

    Sudan

    Suriname

    Swaziland

    Sweden

    Switzerland

    Syria

    Tajikistan

    Tanzania

    Thailand

    Timor-Leste

    Togo

    Tonga

    Trinidad and Tobago

    Tunisia

    Turkey

    Turkmenistan

    Tuvalu

    Uganda

    Ukraine

    United Arab Emirates

    United Kingdom

    United States

    Uruguay

    Uzbekistan

    Vanuatu

    Venezuela

    Vietnam

    Yemen

    Zambia

    Zimbabwe

    Preface

    The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions has been published by the IMF since 1950. It draws on information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including that provided in the course of official staff visits to member countries, and has been prepared in close consultation with national authorities.

    This project was coordinated in the Monetary and Capital Markets Department by a staff team directed by Karl F. Habermeier and comprising Chikako Baba, Ricardo Cervantes, Salim Darbar, Ivett Jamborne Hankoczy, Annamaria Kokenyne, and Viktoriya Zotova. It draws on the specialized contribution of that department (for specific countries), with assistance from staff members of the IMF’s five area departments, together with staff of other departments. The Special Topic was prepared by Viktoriya Zotova. The report was edited and produced by Linda Griffin Kean, Gregg Forte, and Lucy Scott Morales of the Communications Department.

    Abbreviations

    Note: This list does not include acronyms of purely national institutions mentioned in the country chapters.
    AANZFTAASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement
    ACUAsian Clearing Union (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)
    ADAuthorized dealer
    AFTAASEAN Free Trade Area (see ASEAN, below)
    AGOAAfrican Growth and Opportunity Act (United States)
    AMUAsian monetary unit
    ASEANAssociation of Southeast Asian Nations (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao P.D.R., Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam)
    BCEAOCentral Bank of West African States (Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo)
    BEACBank of Central African States (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon)
    CACMCentral American Common Market (Belize, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua)
    CAFTACentral American Free Trade Agreement
    CAPCommon agricultural policy (of the EU)
    CARICOMCaribbean Community and Common Market (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago); The Bahamas is also a member of CARICOM, but it does not participate in the Common Market
    CBCentral bank
    CEFTACentral European Free Trade Area (Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia)
    CEMACCentral African Economic and Monetary Community (members of the BEAC)
    CEPGLEconomic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda)
    CETCommon external tariff
    CFACommunauté financière d’Afrique (administered by the BCEAO) and Coopération financière en Afrique centrale (administered by the BEAC)
    CIMA CodeChartered Institute of Management Accountants Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants
    CISCommonwealth of Independent States (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan)
    CITESConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
    CMACommon Monetary Area (a single exchange control territory comprising Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland)
    CMEACouncil for Mutual Economic Assistance (dissolved; formerly Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, U.S.S.R., Vietnam)
    COMESACommon Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
    EACEast African Community
    EBRDEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development
    ECEuropean Council (Council of the European Union)
    ECBEuropean Central Bank
    ECCBEastern Caribbean Central Bank (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines)
    ECCUEastern Caribbean Currency Union
    ECOWASEconomic Community of West African States (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo)
    ECSCEuropean Coal and Steel Community
    EEAEuropean Economic Area
    EFSFEuropean Financial Stability Facility
    EFSMEuropean Financial Stability Mechanism
    EFTAEuropean Free Trade Association (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland)
    EIBEuropean Investment Bank
    EMUEuropean Economic and Monetary Union (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain)
    EPZExport processing zone
    ERMExchange rate mechanism (of the European monetary system)
    EUEuropean Union (formerly European Community; Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom)
    FATFFinancial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (of the OECD)
    FDIForeign direct investment
    FECForeign exchange certificate
    FSUFormer Soviet Union
    G7Group of Seven advanced economies (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States)
    GAFTAGreater Arab Free Trade Agreement
    GCCGulf Cooperation Council (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf; Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates)
    GSPGeneralized System of Preferences
    IBRDInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
    IMFInternational Monetary Fund
    LAIALatin American Integration Association (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela)
    LCLetter of credit
    LIBIDLondon interbank bid rate
    LIBORLondon interbank offered rate
    MERCOSURSouthern Cone Common Market (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela)
    MFNMost favored nation
    MOFMinistry of finance
    NAFTANorth American Free Trade Agreement
    OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
    OECSOrganization of Eastern Caribbean States (Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines)
    OGLOpen general license
    OTCOver the counter
    PACERPacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (of the Pacific Islands Forum; Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)
    PICTAPacific Island Countries Trade Agreement (of the Pacific Islands Forum); Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)
    RCPSFMRegional Council on Public Savings and Financial Markets (an institution of WAEMU countries that is involved in issuance and marketing of securities)
    RIFFRegional Integration Facilitation Forum (formerly Cross-Border Initiative; Burundi, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
    SACUSouthern African Customs Union (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland)
    SADCSouthern Africa Development Community (Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
    SDRsSpecial drawing rights
    UCITSUndertakings for the Collective Investment of Transferable Securities
    UDEACCentral African Customs and Economic Union (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon)
    UNUnited Nations
    UNSCUN Security Council
    VATValue-added tax
    WAEMUWest African Economic and Monetary Union (formerly WAMU; members of the BCEAO)
    WAMAWest African Monetary Agency (formerly WACH)
    WAMZWest African Monetary Zone
    W-ERM IIExchange rate mechanism (of the WAMZ)
    WTOWorld Trade Organization
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