- International Monetary Fund
- Published Date:
- January 1995
Purposes of the Fund
The purposes of the International Monetary Fund are:
(i) To promote international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution which provides the machinery for consultation and collaboration on international monetary problems.
(ii) To facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of international trade, and to contribute thereby to the promotion and maintenance of high levels of employment and real income and to the development of the productive resources of all members as primary objectives of economic policy.
(iii) To promote exchange stability, to maintain orderly exchange arrangements among members, and to avoid competitive exchange depreciation.
(iv) To assist in the establishment of a multilateral system of payments in respect of current transactions between members and in the elimination of foreign exchange restrictions which hamper the growth of world trade.
(v) To give confidence to members by making the general resources of the Fund temporarily available to them under adequate safeguards, thus providing them with opportunity to correct maladjustments in their balance of payments without resorting to measures destructive of national or international prosperity.
(vi) In accordance with the above, to shorten the duration and lessen the degree of disequilibrium in the international balances of payments of members.
The Fund shall be guided in all its policies and decisions by the purposes set forth in this Article.
–Article I of the Fund’s Articles of Agreement
Board of Governors, Executive Board, Interim Committee, and Development Committee
The Board of Governors, the highest decision-making organ in the Fund, consists of one governor and one alternate governor appointed by each member country. The governor is chosen by the member and is usually the minister of finance or the governor of the central bank. All powers of the Fund are vested in the Board of Governors. The Board of Governors may delegate to the Executive Board all except certain reserved powers. The Board of Governors normally meets once a year.
The Executive Board (the Board) is the Fund’s permanent decision–making organ, currently composed of 24 Directors appointed or elected by member countries or by groups of countries. Chaired by the Managing Director, the Board usually meets several days a week to conduct the day-to-day business of the Fund. Decisions by the Executive Board are based on papers prepared by Fund management and staff. In 1994/95, the Board spent more than half of its time on member country matters (Article IV consultations and reviews and approvals of arrangements) and most of its remaining time on policy issues (such as the world economic outlook, developments in international capital markets, issues related to Fund facilities and program design, and international liquidity and the SDR mechanism).
The Interim Committee of the Board of Governors on the International Monetary System is an advisory body made up of 24 Fund governors, ministers, or other officials of comparable rank, representing the same constituencies as in the Fund’s Executive Board. The Interim Committee normally meets twice a year, in April or May, and at the time of the Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors in September or October. It advises and reports to the Board of Governors on issues regarding the management and adaptation of the international monetary system, including sudden disturbances that might threaten the international monetary system, and on proposals to amend the Articles of Agreement.
The Development Committee (the Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards of Governors of the Bank and the Fund on the Transfer of Real Resources to Developing Countries) comprises 24 members—finance ministers or other officials of comparable rank—and generally meets at the same time as the Interim Committee. It advises and reports to the Boards of Governors of the World Bank and the Fund on all aspects of the transfer of real resources to developing countries.
Annual Report of the Executive Board for the Financial Tear Ended April 30, 1995
The following conventions have been used in this Report:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (for example, 1993–94 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years or months (for example, 1993/94) to indicate a fiscal or financial year.
“Billion” means a thousand million; “trillion” means a thousand billion.
“Basis points” refer to hundredths of 1 percentage point (for example, 25 basis points are equivalent to ¼ of 1 percentage point).
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
All references to dollars are to U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted; as of April 30, 1995, the U.S. dollar/SDR exchange rate was US$1 = SDR 0.635715, and the SDR/U.S. dollar exchange rate was SDR 1 = US$ 1.57303.
As used in this Report, the term “country” does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. As used here, the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states but for which statistical data are maintained on a separate and independent basis.
Reprinted May 1996
International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 0250-7498
International Standard Book Number: ISBN 9781451944990
International Monetary Fund
700 19th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20431, U.S.A.
Tel.: (202) 623-7430 Telefax: (202) 623-7201
International Monetary Fund
|Managing Director and Chairman of the Executive Board|
|First Deputy Managing Director|
|Deputy Managing Directors|
|Alassane D. Ouattara||Prabhakar R. Narvekar|
|Karin Lissakers||Barry S. Newman||Ewen L. Waterman||Jung-Ho Kang|
|Stefan Schoenberg||Erika Wagenhoefer||A. Shakour Shaalan||Yacoob Yousef Mohammed|
|Flachiro Mcsaki||Toshihiko Fukuyama||Dmitri V. Tulin||Aleksei V. Mozhin|
|Marc-Antoine Autheman||Michel Sirat||J.E. Ismael||Latifah Merican Cheong|
|Huw Evans||Jon Shields||Daniel Kacser||Krzysztof Link|
|Willy Kickens||Johann Prader||Abbas Mirakhor||Mohammed Daïri|
|J. de Beaufort Wijnholds||Okh Havrylyshyn||Alexandre Kafka||Alberto Calderón|
|Luis E. Bcrrizbeitia||Vicente J. Fernandez||K.P. Geerhakrishnan||W. Hertiarachchi|
|Gitilio Lanciotti||Nikolaos Coumbis||Barnabas S. Dlamini||Dtnah Z. Guti|
|Ian D. Cllark||Garrett F. Murphy||ZHANG Ming||WEI Benhua|
|Jarle Bergo||Eva Srejber||Carlos Saito||A. Guillermo Zoccali|
|Muhammad Al-Jasser||Abdnlrahman A. Al-Tuwaijri||Yves-Marie T. Koissy||Alexandre Barro Chambriei|
|Michael Mussa*||Vito Tanzi||Leo Van Houtven||Patrick Delannoy|
|Jan S. McDonald|
|April 30, 1995|
Letter of Transmittal to the Board of Governors
July 21, 1995
Dear Mr. Chairman:
I have the honor to present to the Board of Governors the Annual Report of the Executive Board for the financial year ended April 30, 1995, in accordance with Article XII, Section 7(a) of the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund and Section 10 of the Fund’s By-Laws. In accordance with Section 20 of the By-Laws, the administrative and capital budgets of the Fund approved by the Executive Board for the financial year ending April 30, 1996 are presented in Appendix IX. The audited financial statements for the year ended April 30, 1995 of the General Department, the SDR Department, accounts administered by the Fund, and the Staff Retirement Plan and the Supplemental Retirement Benefit Plan, together with reports of the External Audit Committee thereon, are presented in Appendix X.
Chairman of the Executive Board
Chairman of the Board of Governors
International Monetary Fund