The Economic Development Paper (DDE) describes the strategy adopted by the government to reverse
the trend of modest economic performance, deteriorating social conditions, and persistent poverty
observed in recent years.
The strategy addresses the underlying causes of poverty mentioned above: modest economic
performance over the past several decades, inadequately inclusive economic growth, the predominance
of the subsistence economy at the expense of the money economy, reflecting the isolation of production
areas; land tenure problems and deterioration of hydro-agricultural infrastructure; economic dualism, a
cause of economic disjunction; persistent inflation and the erosion of purchasing power; limited
coverage of the social protection system; an inefficient financial system that limits access to financing;
persistent governance problems; underdeveloped sanitation infrastructure; the adverse impacts of
climate change; and repeated political crises.
The strategy adopts an approach that combines macroeconomic, sectoral, and structural elements that
produce positive, direct impacts for poverty reduction.