This paper discusses Mozambique's First Review Under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) and Request for Modification of Assessment Criteria. Mozambique's macroeconomic outlook remains favorable and the PSI-supported program is broadly on track. All assessment criteria were met and most indicative targets, but there was some slippage on structural reforms. Economic growth is robust and inflation remains moderate. In spite of risks stemming from the uncertain global economy, growth is expected to be sustained in the medium term by the natural resource boom and infrastructure investment. Structural reforms along a broad policy spectrum should be implemented vigorously to foster sustained and more inclusive growth.