The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
The paper addresses issues that arise in designing a framework for inflation targeting, with particular attention to features of the Bank of England's approach and experience. The comparison of welfare reform in the United Kingdom with similar efforts in other countries is discussed. The paper reviews the recent literature and empirical evidence on the main economic considerations influencing possible U.K. entry into the European Monetary Union (EMU). The U.K. labor market has undergone institutional and structural changes contributing to an increase in both aggregate and relative wage flexibility.