Cape Verde's authorities have tightened fiscal and monetary stances and have significantly reduced the gaps with program targets. Tax revenues held up well, but there were shortfalls in nontax revenue in addition to capital transfers. The spending execution was held below the budget. The authorities need to scale back the fiscal deficit in 2012 and in the medium term to ensure a sustainable fiscal position. Net domestic financing of the central government should decline to avoid crowding out private sector credit and lessen pressure on the balance of payments.