The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
Based on the economic literature, various policy measures and institutions in the product and labor markets that increase growth and employment are studied. From a cross-country approach, this study finds a significant relationship between Vertical Fiscal Imbalances (VFIs) and fiscal performance in OECD countries. Different measures of vertical imbalance are used. To assess the impact of a vertical gap, a panel equation is estimated that is related to general government primary balance to vertical balance, spending decentralization, covariates, and interaction terms.