The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
This paper describes economic and financial developments in Sao Tomé and Príncipe during the 1990s. The economic and financial performance deteriorated sharply during 1994, owing to excessively expansionary fiscal and monetary policies. Although real GDP grew virtually at the same rate as in 1993, inflation almost doubled. The fiscal deficit increased markedly compared with 1993, and was financed to a much greater extent than in the past by net credit from the banking system. Nonetheless, the balance of payments improved, primarily owing to higher inflows of private and official unrequited transfers.