The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
This Selected Issues paper examines the role of the State Petroleum Fund in Norwegian economic policy, as a means to promote a sustainable long-term fiscal position and to help maintain the competitiveness of the non-oil ('mainland') economy in the face of high oil export revenues. The paper documents the historical development of the wage bargaining framework in Norway, a country with a fairly centralized framework. It also compares recent wage developments in Norway with those of its trading partners to assess the implications for Norway's international competitiveness.