The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
This Background Paper and Statistical Appendix reviews the real economy and systemic reforms in the Republic of Kazakhstan during 1993-94. In early 1994, the Kazakh authorities launched a major stabilization program to improve the financial situation and reinforce the structural reforms. A tight budgetary stance was targeted, monetary policies were reinforced, and the liberalization of prices and the external trade regime continued. By the third quarter of 1994, inflation had been sharply reduced, the exchange rate had remained relatively stable for several months, and external reserves continued to rise.