The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
This Selected Issues paper examines the adequacy of Cyprus' economic competitiveness. The paper looks at the recent behavior of conventional indicators of competitiveness, estimates Cyprus' equilibrium real exchange rate, and provides an econometric analysis of the main determinants of service exports. The overall conclusion is that the country's current level of the real effective exchange rate is in line with savings-investment fundamentals, but that the recent unfavorable trends in public savings and relative unit labor costs should be reversed to avoid problems in the medium term. The paper also analyzes the financial reform in Cyprus.