The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
Tax administration improvements have contributed significantly to a doubling of China's tax-to-GDP ratio and the substantial reduction in taxpayers' compliance costs since the mid-1990s. This paper describes the key features of China's tax administration and their evolution over the last 20 years. It also identifes emerging challenges to the tax system and areas where further tax administration improvements are needed to sustain tax revenue and reduce taxpayers' compliance costs in the future.