The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper outlines a procedure for calculating the cash value of “menu items” in debt restructuring proposals, including par and non-par exchanges, with enhancements consisting of either interest or principal guarantees. It is argued that under certain plausible assumptions interest and principal guarantees are directly equivalent to cash buy-backs. Using these assumptions, formulas to calculate the exchange ratios, resource requirements, interest rates, and net debt reduction for particular menu items are derived. It is shown that there is not a direct relationship between the exchange discount and the market price.