The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
An approach is presented for analyzing debt-for-debt exchanges from the perspective of the exchange’s impact on the country’s contractual obligations and from the perspective of the creditors whose participation is sought. A general model is developed for valuing partially guaranteed debt instruments and an intuitive motivation is suggested for upper and lower bounds on the valuation of instruments carrying specific as well as rolling guarantees. An appendix presents several easily employed rules of thumb which have been suggested in the literature for valuing collateralized instruments and for estimating the possible net debt reduction achievable through their issuance.