The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper examines the behavior of business fixed investment in the United States in the 1980s. A background discussion of the long-term behavior of the components of business fixed investment is provided, setting the context for the empirical analysis. A standard neoclassical model of business fixed investment is specified and estimated, with output and the cost of capital the primary explanatory variables. Simulation experiments are then conducted with a view to assessing the importance of various contributing factors--in particular tax policy--in influencing the behavior of business fixed investment during the economic expansion that began in late 1982.