The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
The paper discusses the crisis in the Philippines financial sector that began on a limited scale in 1981 and culminated in a significant contraction of the financial system in 1986. The causes, manifestation and transmission mechanism of the crisis are analyzed and reactions of the authorities to the crisis are examined. The main conclusion is that weaknesses of the regulatory framework and loose banking practices provoked and exacerbated the crisis, while the political and economic climate during 1979-83 also played a key role. In the end, the authorities’ interventions to contain the crisis was sucessful but costly.