The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
The paper characterizes the feasibility of economic transformation as requiring the simultaneous attainment of macroeconomic stability, political support, and adequate private investment. Macroeconomic stability is defined as fiscal balance; political feasibility is related to the income gains and losses of different population groups; and private investment is linked to public “infrastructure” investment. The analysis illustrates that attainment of the multiple requirements for successful transformation may necessitate a “big push” with external financial and technical assistance. It also emphasizes the importance of the productivity gains achieved when workers are induced to make occupational choices consistent with their comparative advantages.