The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper examines a typology of grants that are used across the world, and places these in the context of the overall constitutional and legal framework for a country. It looks at the options for grants, given the need to maintain overall macroeconomic stability, efficiency in the use of scarce resources as well as reduced horizontal disparities. The role of central objectives in a decentralized framework is also assessed. The paper argues for a comprehensive framework for grants, as well as a proper institutional framework to manage grants systems.