The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
Recent developments in financial economics have included many explorations into market microstructure, that is, the internal functioning of markets and the ways in which they provide liquidity to traders. An important contribution of this literature is that prices can deviate from their fundamental values. This paper describes models of imperfect liquidity and improperly processed information in financial markets, focusing on the noise trader and investor herding literature. The motivations for this line of research are presented, followed by a description of some of the major contributions and tests of some of their empirical implications.