The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
While deregulated financial markets and strong competition are commonly viewed as prerequisites for successful economic development, recent empirical evidence suggests that financial liberalization, if not well phased, can lead to costly financial crises. This paper focuses on the roles of minimum capital requirements and prudential supervision in promoting financial stability during financial liberalization. The paper extends the Hellmann, Murdock, and Stiglitz model to analyze the effects of prudential supervision and demonstrates the trade-off between the quality of supervision and the level of minimum capital requirements. Where prudential supervision is poor, higher capital requirements are optimal.