The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper presents background work that has been the basis for the development of the market and credit risk indicators (MRI and CRI, respectively) as published in the IMF's Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) since September 2004. The fundamental idea was to build a set of Financial Indicators on Risk and Stability (FIRST) that could reflect the market perceptions for current and future stress on financial institutions. The focus of the analysis is mainly on large, complex financial institutions (LCFIs) operating in the most advanced financial markets, MRI and CRI have also been applied to internationally active commercial banks and insurance companies.