The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
The purpose of this paper is to explain the humped-shaped behavior of the growth rate. Within a dynamic general equilibrium framework, it is found that, in the early stages of development, the source of growth is the reallocation of resources from sectors low-productivity sectors to high-productivity sectors (“extensive growth”), resulting in increasing growth rates. In the middle and mature stages of development, the source of growth is the higher average productivity achieved by the competition among entrepreneurs (“intensive growth”). As a result, the growth rate could be increasing in the middle stage and then displays a decreasing pattern during the mature stage.