The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper uses a three-country, three-good, factor-specific model of trade with wage rigidities to investigate how European Monetary Union (EMU) is likely to affect exchange rate variability. Focusing on international macroeconomic adjustment under both exogenous and optimizing monetary policies, it shows that the relative variability (against external currencies) of the euro (under EMU) and a basket of present currencies (pre-EMU) depends on relative sizes and specialization patterns of EMU countries and the relative importance of different shocks. EMU is likely to decrease (increase) exchange rate variability for shocks to industries in which large (small) EMU countries are specialized.