The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
This paper examines the composition of primary commodity exports by industrial countries and contrasts this composition with that of the exports by developing countries. Both the share of industrial countries’ commodity exports in world commodity exports, as well as in their own total merchandize exports, is examined over time and across different commodities and geographical areas. The paper then specifies and empirically estimates an econometric model of the demand for and the supply of commodity exports by industrial countries. The model is estimated for five groups of industrial countries and the parameters of the model are compared with those available for the developing countries.